1. bookVolume 16 (2020): Issue s1 (February 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1801-3422
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Cultural Trauma – The Case of the Winner

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 16 (2020) - Issue s1 (February 2020)
Page range: 65 - 80
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1801-3422
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

My study is an analysis of the emergence of the “Golden Dream” narrative in Romania, right after World War I. Along the way, I make some theoretical contributions to cultural trauma studies. ‘Winner’ and ‘loser’ are terms used to define fixed situations. Usually, only the loser (the victim, defeated) might suffer a trauma, while the occurrence of trauma is denied for the winner (the perpetrator, victor). We shall dig a little deeper and wider, demonstrating that Romania, an overall winner of WWI, will face, right after victory, a ‘cultural shock’ which has to be repressed, as part of the “Golden Dream” narrative. Through a detailed, economic, social and political analysis, I’ll be trying to argue that a shattering trauma has engendered in Romanian society; yet another addition to a whole ‘traumatic history’. The ensuing orthodox ethnonationalism takes its root from this trauma. From time-to-time, we will take a comparative glance at the trauma of the loser, particularly when we will be discussing the omissions of an otherwise seamless narrative.

Keywords

*** (1938–1943). Enciclopedia României. Edited by Gusti, Dimitrie.Search in Google Scholar

Acton, Lord (1862): Nationality, The Home and Foreign Review I.Search in Google Scholar

Boia, Lucian (2015): Cum s-a românizat România, Humanitas.Search in Google Scholar

Cassirer, Ernst (1954). Philosophie der symbolischen Formen. Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Dogan, Mattei. (1995): Dansul electoral în România interbelică, Revista de Cercetări Sociale (4): 3–23.Search in Google Scholar

Eyerman, Ron (2012): Cultural Trauma: Emotion and Narration, in Oxford Handbook of Cultural Sociology, (ed.): Jeffrey C. Alexander – Ronald N. Jacobs – Philip Smith, Oxford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Freud, Sigmund (1893): On The Psychical Mechanism Of Hysterical Phenomena, in The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, Hogarth.Search in Google Scholar

Freud, Sigmund – Breuer, Josef (1895): Studies on hysteria, in The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, Hogarth.Search in Google Scholar

Hom, Stephanie Malia (2013): On the Origins of Making Italy: Massimo D’Azeglio and “Fatta l’Italia, bisogna fare gli Italiani, Italian Culture 3 (1): 1–16.10.1179/0161462212Z.00000000012Search in Google Scholar

Koselleck, Reinhart (1988): Erfahrungswandel und Methodenwechsel: Eine historisch-anthropologische Skizze, in Historische Methode, ed. Christian Meier – Jörn Rüsen. München.Search in Google Scholar

Livezeanu, Irina (2000): Cultural politics in Greater Romania : regionalism, nation building, and ethnic struggle, 1918–1930, Cornell Paperbacks10.7591/9781501727719Search in Google Scholar

Maddison, Angus (1995): Monitoring the World Economy 1820–1992, Paris: Development Centre of the OECD.Search in Google Scholar

Maddison, Angus (2003): The World Economy: Historical Statistics, Paris: Development Centre of the OECD.10.1787/9789264104143-enSearch in Google Scholar

Murgescu, Bogdan (2010): România și Europa – Acumularea decalajelor economice (1500–2010), Polirom.Search in Google Scholar

Müller, Jan-Werner (2007): Constitutional Patriotism, Princeton University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Neal, Arthur G. (1998): National trauma and collective memory : major events in the American century, M.E. Sharpe.Search in Google Scholar

Radu, Sorin – Schmitt, Oliver Jens (2017) eds., Politics and Peasants in Interwar Romania: Perceptions, Mentalities, Propaganda, Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Search in Google Scholar

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang (2018), The Culture of Defeat: On National Trauma, Mourning, and Recovery, Henry Holt and Co. Kindle Edition.Search in Google Scholar

Schmitt, Oliver Jens (2018): România în 100 de ani: bilanţul unui veac de istorie, Humanitas.Search in Google Scholar

Sorin, Radu (1918): Romania and the Great War: Political, Territorial, Economic and Social Consequences, Pamięć i Sprawiedliwość (31): 138–167.Search in Google Scholar

Taylor, Charles (2002): Modern Social Imaginaries, Public Culture 14 (1): 91–124.10.1215/08992363-14-1-91Search in Google Scholar

Vörös, Zoltán. (2016): Directions for development of political systems – decrease in legitimacy, in Hungary and Poland in Times of Political Transition. Selected Issues, ed. Beata Pająk-Patkowska – Marcin Rachwał, Adam Mickiewicz University Press: 25–38.Search in Google Scholar

Zamfirescu, Vasile Dem. (2012): Nevroza Balcanică, Editura Trei.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo