1. bookVolume 15 (2019): Issue 2 (September 2019)
Journal Details
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Open Access

Participatory Budgeting in the Major Cities in Poland – Case Study of 2018 Editions

Published Online: 16 Oct 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 15 (2019) - Issue 2 (September 2019)
Page range: 257 - 277
Journal Details
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year

The paper refers to the social innovation of participatory budgeting which has become a very popular tool for stimulating citizen participation at the local level in Poland. It focuses on the major cities, defined as capitals of the voivodeships or regions. Based on the data concerning 2018 participatory budgeting editions in the eighteen cities, it describes the funding, organisation of the process, forms of voting and voter participation as well as the nature of projects selected and implemented. According to the amended Act on the Local Self-Government, organisation of participatory budgeting will only be obligatory for Polish cities from 2019. Despite that fact, it has already become quite popular and broadly applied in local communities. However, citizens’ participation and involvement in the process seems quite low, suggesting a need for experience sharing and improvement of the initiative. Also, project selection reflects the influence of various social groups within urban communities, rather than assisting groups which are at risk of marginalisation.


Act of 8th March 1990, on Communal Self -Government, Journal of Laws of 1990 No. 16, item 95, as amended, art. 5a, item 5.Search in Google Scholar

Act of 5th June 1998 on Poviat Self -Government, Journal of Laws of 1998 No. 91, item 578, as amended, chapter 9.Search in Google Scholar

Act of 11th April 2001, on amendment of the acts on the commune government, poviat government, voivodeship self -government and government administration in voivodeship, along with some other acts, Journal of Laws of 2001 No. 45, item 497.Search in Google Scholar

Avritzer, Leonardo (2017): Participation in democratic Brazil: from popular hegemony and innovation to middle -class protest, Opinião Pública, Campinas 23 (1).10.1590/1807-0191201723143Search in Google Scholar

Brun-Martos, Maria Isabel – Lapsley, Irvine (2017): Democracy, governmentality and transparency: participatory budgeting in action, Public Management Review 19 (7).10.1080/14719037.2016.1243814Search in Google Scholar

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2000/C 364/01).Search in Google Scholar

Chrzanowski, Mateusz – Sobczak, Jacek (2017): Samorządy w procesie decentralizacji władzy publicznej. Self -governments in the process of decentralisation of public authority, Stowarzyszenie Naukowe Pro Scientia Iuridica.Search in Google Scholar

De Olivero Dutra, Olivio (2014): Preface, [in:] Hope for Democracy. 25 Years of Participatory Budgeting Worldwide.Search in Google Scholar

Demediuk, Peter – Solli, Rolf – Adolfsson, Petra (2012): People Plan their Park: Voice and Choice through Participatory Budgeting, The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences 6 (5): 185–198.10.18848/1833-1882/CGP/v06i05/52080Search in Google Scholar

European Charter of Local Self -Government (1985), https://rm.coe.int/168007a088, accessed on 18-2-2019.Search in Google Scholar

Hartog Martijn – Bakker Kevin (2018): Participatory Budgeting in Public Administrations: Barriers and Opportunities for a Transparent Government, Conference: European Conference on Digital Government (ECDG).Search in Google Scholar

Hildreth R. W. – Miller Steven A. (2018): From Projects to Problems: A Deweyan Analysis of Participatory Budgeting, Journal of Social Philosophy 49 (2): Summer 2018, pp 252–269.10.1111/josp.12233Search in Google Scholar

Hong, Sounman – Shine Cho, B. (2018): Citizen participation and the redistribution of public goods, Public Administration, 2018; 96: 481–496.10.1111/padm.12521Search in Google Scholar

International Fund for Agricultural Development (1999), Good Governance: an Overview.Search in Google Scholar

Kębłowski, Wojciech (2014): Budżet partycypacyjny. Ewaluacja, Instytut Obywatelski.Search in Google Scholar

Kmieciak, Robert (editor) (2016): Decentralizacja jako fundament demokracji obywatelskiej, Wydawnictwo Naukowe WNPiD UAM.Search in Google Scholar

Kobielska, Katarzyna – Lisowska, Alicja (2014): Dobre rządzenie w małych gminach. Empiryczny wymiar nowego paradygmatu rozwoju.Search in Google Scholar

Lerner, Josh (2017): Conclusion: Time for Participatory Budgeting to Grow Up, New Political Science 39 (1): 156–160.10.1080/07393148.2017.1278860Search in Google Scholar

Liebmann, George W. (2000): Solving Problems Without Large Government. Devolution, Fairness and Equality, Praeger.Search in Google Scholar

Mikrogranty, https://www.wroclaw.pl/mikrogranty/, accessed on the 11-3-2019.Search in Google Scholar

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration, http://administracja.mswia.gov.pl/adm/baza--jst/843,Samorzad-terytorialny-w-Polsce.html, accessed on the 11-3-2019.Search in Google Scholar

Mueller, Sean (2015): Theorising Decentralisation. Comparative Evidence from Sub -national Switzerland, ECPR Press.Search in Google Scholar

National Electoral Commission, https://pkw.gov.pl/352_Kadencja_2014-2018, accessed on the 11-3-2019.Search in Google Scholar

Official Portal of the Municipality of Gdansk, https://www.gdansk.pl/panel-obywatelski, accessed on the 24-1-2019.Search in Google Scholar

Olejniczak, Jarosław – Bednarska -Olejniczak, Dorota (2008): Participatory Budgeting in Poland in 2013–2018 – Six Years of Experiences and Directions of Changes, Dias, Nelson, ed., Hope for Democracy. 30 Years of Participatory Budgeting Worldwide, Epopeia Records | Oficina.Search in Google Scholar

Rytel -Warzocha Anna (2018): The Role and Impact of Participatory Instruments in Poland. Dusk or Dawn of Direct Democracy?, 5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences & Arts SGEM.10.5593/sgemsocial2018H/11/S02.050Search in Google Scholar

Shybalkina, Iuliia – Bifulco, Robert (2018): Does Participatory Budgeting Change the Share of Public Funding to Low Income Neighborhoods?, Public Budgeting & Finance (1): 45–66.10.1111/pbaf.12212Search in Google Scholar

Skrzypiński, Dariusz (2017): Transformacja społeczno -gospodarcza polskich województw w warunkach przynależności do Unii Europejskiej, Alberski, R. – Cichosz M., (editors), Gra o regiony 2014. Wybory do sejmików województw, Institute of Political Science, University of Wrocław.Search in Google Scholar

Stowarzyszenie Klon/Jawor (2014): Zaangażowanie społeczne Polek i Polaków. Wolontariat, filantropia, 1 % i wizerunek organizacji pozarządowych. Raport z badania 2013.Search in Google Scholar

Su, Celina (2017): From Porto Alegre to New York City: Participatory Budgeting and Democracy, New Political Science 39 (1): 67–75.10.1080/07393148.2017.1278854Search in Google Scholar

Swaner, Rachel (2017), Trust Matters: Enhancing Government Legitimacy through Participatory Budgeting, New Political Science. 39 (1): 95–108.Search in Google Scholar

Sześciło, Dawid – Kulesza, Michał (2012): Local Government in Poland, Angel -Manuel Moreno, ed., Local Government in the Member States of the European Union: A Comparative Legal Perspective, National Institute of Public Administration, Spain, 485–50.Search in Google Scholar

Tsobanoglou, Gieorgios – Harms, Hans (2018): Citizen’s Participation and the Crisis of Representation in Europe. Models of Citizen Participation and the Quest for Local Democracy, Journal of Regional & Socio-Economic Issues 8 (2): 47–59.Search in Google Scholar

Wójcicki, Michał (2013): Pojęcie, istota i formy partycypacji społecznej w procesie planowania przestrzennego, Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna, no. 24.Search in Google Scholar

Białystok: https://www.bialystok.pl/pl/dla_mieszkancow/bialystok_obywatelski/budzet_obywatelski/Search in Google Scholar

Bydgoszcz: https://www.bdgbo.pl/Search in Google Scholar

Gdańsk:https://www.gdansk.pl/budzet-obywatelskiSearch in Google Scholar

Gorzów Wielkopolski: http://www.gorzow.pl/PL/3452/Budzet_obywatelski_2019/Search in Google Scholar

Katowice: http://bo.katowice.eu/Strony/default.aspxSearch in Google Scholar

Kielce: https://budzetobywatelski.kielce.eu/Search in Google Scholar

Kraków: https://budzet.krakow.pl/Search in Google Scholar

Lublin: https://obywatelski.lublin.eu/Search in Google Scholar

Łódź:https://uml.lodz.pl/dla-mieszkancow/lodzianie-decyduja/budzet-obywatelski/Search in Google Scholar

Olsztyn: http://www.obo.olsztyn.eu/Search in Google Scholar

Opole:https://www.opole.pl/budzet-obywatelski-opola-glosowanie/Search in Google Scholar

Poznań: https://budzet.um.poznan.pl/pbo2019/Search in Google Scholar

Rzeszów: http://rbo.rzeszow.pl/Search in Google Scholar

Szczecin: https://sbo.szczecin.eu/Search in Google Scholar

Toruń:https://www.torun.pl/pl/miasto/budzet-partycypacyjny-torunia-2018Search in Google Scholar

Warszawa: http://twojbudzet.um.warszawa.pl/Search in Google Scholar

Wrocław:https://www.wroclaw.pl/rozmawia/wroclawski-budzet-obywatelskiSearch in Google Scholar

Zielona Góra: http://www.zielona-gora.pl/PL/971/6524/Budzet_obywatelski_2018_–_glosowanie/Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo