1. bookVolume 20 (2020): Issue 3 (June 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1335-8871
First Published
07 Mar 2008
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

FSI Computation and Experimental Verification of Fluid Flow in Flexible Tubes

Published Online: 24 Jul 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 20 (2020) - Issue 3 (June 2020)
Page range: 104 - 114
Received: 18 Mar 2020
Accepted: 15 Jun 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1335-8871
First Published
07 Mar 2008
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Presented paper is focused on the experimental and computational study of fluid flow in pipes with flexible walls. One possible real example of this phenomenon is the blood flow in arteries or their substitutes in the human body. The artery material itself should be understood as anisotropic and heterogeneous. Therefore, the experiment was carried out on the deforming tube, made of silicone (polydimethylsiloxane - PDMS). Obtained results and observed events were verified by numerical FSI simulations. Due to the large deformations occurring during loading of the tube, it was necessary to work with a dynamic mesh in the CFD part. Based on experimental testing of the tube material, a non-Hookean and Mooney-Rivlin material model were considered. Blood flowing in vessels is a heterogeneous liquid and exhibits non-Newtonian properties. In the real experimental stand has been somewhat simplified. Water, chosen as the liquid, belongs to the Newtonian liquids. The results show mainly comparisons of unsteady velocity profiles between the experiment and the numerical model.

Keywords

[1] Kinoshita, M., Yokote, K., Arai, H. et al. (2018). Japan Atherosclerosis Society (JAS) guidelines for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases 2017. Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis, 25 (9), 846-984.10.5551/jat.GL2017Search in Google Scholar

[2] Kannel, W.B. (1998). Overview of atherosclerosis. Clinical Therapeutics, 20 (suppl. 2), B2-B17.10.1016/S0149-2918(98)80027-1Search in Google Scholar

[3] Samaee, M., Tafazzoli-Shadpour, M., Alavi, H. (2017). Coupling of shear-circumferential stress pulses investigation through stress phase angle in FSI models of stenotic artery using experimental data. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 55, 1147-1162.10.1007/s11517-016-1564-z27709408Search in Google Scholar

[4] Burgmann, S., Grosse, S., Schroder, W., Roggenkamp, J., Jansen, S., Gräf, F., Büsen, M. (2009). A refractive index-matched facility for fluid-structure interaction studies of pulsatile and oscillating flow in elastic vessels of adjustable compliance. Experiments in Fluids, 47 (4-5), 865-881.10.1007/s00348-009-0681-ySearch in Google Scholar

[5] Pielhop, K., Klaas, M., Schroder, W. (2015). Experimental analysis of the fluid-structure interaction in finite-length straight elastic vessels. European Journal of Mechanics – B / Fluids, 50, 71-88.10.1016/j.euromechflu.2014.11.001Search in Google Scholar

[6] Pielhop, K., Schmidt, C., Zholtovski, S., Klaas, M., Schröder, W. (2014). Experimental investigation of the fluid-structure interaction in an elastic 180° curved vessel at laminar oscillating flow. Experiments in Fluids, 55 (10), 13.10.1007/s00348-014-1816-3Search in Google Scholar

[7] Khader, S.M.A., Ayachit, A., Pai, B.R., Rao, V.R.K., Kamath, S.G. (2012). FSI simulation of common carotid under normal and high blood pressures. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2012, art. ID 140579.Search in Google Scholar

[8] Reymond, P., Crosetto, P., Deparis, S., Quarteroni, A., Stergiopulos, N. (2013). Physiological simulation of blood flow in the aorta: Comparison of hemodynamic indices as predicted by 3-D FSI, 3-D rigid wall and 1-D models. Medical Engineering & Physics, 35 (6), 784-791.10.1016/j.medengphy.2012.08.00922981220Search in Google Scholar

[9] Bergström, J. (2015). Elasticity / Hyperelasticity. In Mechanics of Solid Polymers: Theory and Computational Modeling. Elsevier, 209-307.10.1016/B978-0-323-31150-2.00005-4Search in Google Scholar

[10] Riley, W.A., Barnes, R.W., Evans, G.W., Burke, G.L. (1992). Ultrasonic measurements of the elastic modulus of the common carotid artery: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Stroke, 23, 952-956.10.1161/01.STR.23.7.9521615543Search in Google Scholar

[11] Robertson, A.M., Sequeira, A., Owens, R.G. (2009). Rheological models for blood. In Cardiovascular Mathematics : Modeling and Simulation of the Circulatory System. Springer, Vol. 1, 211-241.Search in Google Scholar

[12] Placet, V., Delobelle, P. (2015). Mechanical properties of bulk polydimethylsiloxane for microfluidics over a large range of frequencies and aging times. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 25 (3).10.1088/0960-1317/25/3/035009Search in Google Scholar

[13] Kim, T.K., Kim, J.K., Jeong, O.C. (2011). Measurement of nonlinear mechanical properties of PDMS elastomer. Microelectronic Engineering, 88 (8), 1982-1985.10.1016/j.mee.2010.12.108Search in Google Scholar

[14] ANSYS, Inc. ANSYS Documentation 17.2.Search in Google Scholar

[15] Dodge, D.W., Metzner, A.B. (1959). Turbulent flow of non-Newtonian systems. AIChE Journal, 5 (2), 189-204.10.1002/aic.690050214Search in Google Scholar

[16] Litvinov, W.G. (2011). Model for laminar and turbulent flows of viscous and nonlinear viscous non-Newtonian fluids. Journal of Mathematical Physics, 52 (5), 053102.10.1063/1.3578752Search in Google Scholar

[17] Klas, R., Fialová, S. (2019). Pulse flow of liquid in flexible tube. In EPJ Web of Conferences, 213, 02041.10.1051/epjconf/201921302041Search in Google Scholar

[18] Šedivý, D., Burša, J., Fialová, S. (2019). Experimental and numerical investigation of flow field in flexible tube. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 240, 072023.Search in Google Scholar

[19] Šedivý, D., Fialová, S., Jašíková, D. (2018). Flow of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluid through pipe with flexible wall. In AIP Conference Proceedings, 2000, 020015.10.1063/1.5049922Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo