1. bookVolume 30 (2022): Issue 1 (March 2022)
Journal Details
First Published
30 Jul 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Open Access

How to find a suitable location for a cemetery? Application of multi-criteria evaluation for identifying potential sites for cemeteries in Białystok, Poland

Published Online: 13 Apr 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 30 (2022) - Issue 1 (March 2022)
Page range: 34 - 53
Received: 04 Jun 2021
Accepted: 18 Jan 2022
Journal Details
First Published
30 Jul 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year

AL-AKL, N., NASSER KARAAN, E., AL.-ZEIN, M. S., ASSAAD, S. (2018): The landscape of urban cemeteries in Beirut: Perceptions and preferences, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 33: 66–74.10.1016/j.ufug.2018.04.011 Search in Google Scholar

AL-ANBARI, M. A., THAMEER, M. Y., AL-ANSARI, N., KNUTSSON, S. (2016): Landfill Site Selection in Al-Najaf Governorate, Iraq. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 10(6): 651–660.10.17265/1934-7359/2016.06.003 Search in Google Scholar

ALEXANDER, C. A. (1977): Pattern language: Towns, Buildings, Construction. Oxford, Oxford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

AMERICAN PLANNING ASSOCIATION (ASA) (1952): Cemeteries in the city plan report [online]. [cit. 02.12.2020]. Available at: https://www.planning.org/pas/reports/report16.htm Search in Google Scholar

BASMAJIAN, C., COUTTS, C. (2010): Planning for the Disposal of the Dead. Journal of the American Planning Association, 76(3): 305–317.10.1080/01944361003791913 Search in Google Scholar

BENNETT, G., DAVIES, P. J. (2015): Urban cemetery planning and the conflicting role of local and regional interests. Land Use Policy, 42: 450–459.10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.08.011 Search in Google Scholar

BLACK, H., DUBYNA, J., RAPKE, M. (2016): Policy Approaches to Planning for Cemeteries in Halton Region. Prepared for Halton Region Planning Services Department [online]. [cit. 03.10.2020]. Available at: http://www.waynecaldwell.ca/Students/Projects/Halton%20Region%20Cemetery_Planning_April16.pdf Search in Google Scholar

CAPELS, V., SENVILLE, W. (2006): Planning for Cemeteries. Planning Commissioners Journal, 64: 1–8. Search in Google Scholar

CEMETERY DEVELOPMENT SERVICES (2010): Dover District Council site assessment report for Dover Towns’ potential new cemetery development [online]. [cit. 02.03.2021]. Available at: https://www.dover.gov.uk/Planning/Planning-Policy-and-Regeneration/PDF/Site-Assessment-Report-for-Potential-New-Cemetery-Development.pdf Search in Google Scholar

COTTLE, R. K. (1997): Cemetery Siting in the Bluestone Reservation Area [online]. [cit. 11.03.2021]. Available at http://www.darkfiber.com/tomb/UplandSouthfolkcemeteries.html Search in Google Scholar

COUTTS, C., BASMAJIAN, C., CHAPIN, T. (2011): Projecting landscapes of death. Landscape and Urban Planning, 102(4): 254–261.10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.05.005 Search in Google Scholar

CROUCAMP, L, RICHARDS, N. (2002): Guidelines for cemetery site selection. Council for Geoscience, Pretoria. Search in Google Scholar

CULLEN, G. (1995): Concise Townscape. Architectural Press, New York. Search in Google Scholar

DENT, B. B. (2002): The hydrogeological context of cemetery operations and planning in Australia. Dissertation, University of Technology, Sydney [online]. [cit. 03.11.2020]. Available at: https://opus.lib.uts.edu.au/bitstream/10453/20259/6/02Whole.pdf Search in Google Scholar

DENT, B. B., KNIGHT, M. J. (1998): Cemeteries: A special kind of landfill. The context of their sustainable management. Groundwater: Sustainable Solutions, Conference of the International Association of Hydrogeologists, Melbourne, pp. 451–456. Search in Google Scholar

DIAN, Z. (2004): Land for the Dead. Locating Urban Cemeteries, Case Study Guilin, China [online]. [cit. 01.10.2020]. Available at: https://webapps.itc.utwente.nl/librarywww/papers_2004/msc/upla/zhang_dian.pdf Search in Google Scholar

DIPPENAAR, M. A. (2014): Towards a Multi-faceted Vadose Zone Assessment Protocol: Cemetery Guidelines and Application to a Burial Site located near a Seasonal Wetland (Pretoria, South Africa) [online]. [cit. 02.03.2021]. Available at: https://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/41087/Dippenaar_Towards_2014.pdf?sequence=3 Search in Google Scholar

DIPPENAAR, M. A., OLIVIER, J., LORENTZ, S., UBOMBAJASWA, E., ABIA, A. L. K., DIAMOND, R. E. (2018): Environmental Risk Assessment, Monitoring and Management of Cemeteries. Water Research Commission [online]. [cit. 02.03.2021]. Available at: https://www.saieg.co.za/event/environmental-risk-assessment-monitoring-management-cemeteries-2/ Search in Google Scholar

DŁUGOZIMA, A. (2020): How might landscapes be better designed to accommodate increasing cremation practices in Europe? Landscape Online, 87: 1–31.10.3097/LO.202087 Search in Google Scholar

DŁUGOZIMA, A. (2020): Lokalizacja współczesnych cmentarzy komunalnych. Prace Geograficzne, 161: 81–106.10.4467/20833113PG.20.009.12551 Search in Google Scholar

DŁUGOZIMA, A. (2020): Social infrastructure of burial nature in Poland by voivodships – conditions and directions of changes. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum, 19(1): 19–31.10.31648/aspal.4382 Search in Google Scholar

DŁUGOZIMA, A., KOSIACKA-BECK, E. (2020): How to Enhance the Environmental Values of Contemporary Cemeteries in an Urban Context. Sustainability, 12(2374): 1–19.10.3390/su12062374 Search in Google Scholar

DOI, H., CHAI, Y., XU, P., WANG, X. (2021): Spatiotemporal change of land use for deceased in Beijing since the mid-twentieth century. Open Geosciences, 13(1): 16–26.10.1515/geo-2020-0219 Search in Google Scholar

ENVIRONMENT AGENCY (2002): Scoping guidelines on the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of projects [online]. [cit. 02.03.2021]. Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/297117/geho0112bvzye-e.pdf Search in Google Scholar

FIGUEIRA, J., GRECO, S., EHRGOTT, M. [eds.] (2016): Multiple-criteria decision analysis. State of the art surveys, Springer International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, New York. Search in Google Scholar

FISHER, G. T., CROUKAMP, L. (1993): Groundwater contamination and its consequences resulting from the indiscriminate placing of cemeteries in the third word context. Africa Needs Groundwater Convention. Books of Abstracts (pp. 1–13). Johannesburg, University of the Witwatersrand. Search in Google Scholar

FISHER, G. J. (1992): Selection criteria for the placing of cemetery sites. Geological Survey of South Africa, Pretoria, RSA. Search in Google Scholar

FORMANEK, P. A. (1997): An assessment of groundwater contamination at cemetery sites. M.S. Thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada [online]. [cit. 02.03.2021]. Available at: https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk2/tape17/PQDD_0007/MQ28197.pdf Search in Google Scholar

FRANCAVIGLIA, R. V. (1971): The Cemetery as an Evolving Cultural Landscape. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 61(3): 501–509.10.1111/j.1467-8306.1971.tb00802.x Search in Google Scholar

FUTURE NUMBERS OF DEATHS AND CEMETERY SITE REQUIREMENTS [online]. Available at: https://councillors.wycombe.gov.uk/documents/s10770/25%20Sep%2012%20-%20Appendix%20B%20-%20Future%20Requirements.pdf Search in Google Scholar

ISERSON K. V. (1994): Dust to Dust: What Happens to Dead Bodies. Tucson, Galen Press Ltd. Search in Google Scholar

ISMAIL, N., OMAR, A. H., MAJEED, Z. A. (2007): Site Selection for New Memorial Park using GIS: Muslim Memorial Park. Joint International Symposium and Exhibition on Geo information, ISG/GNSS 2007 [online]. [cit. 02.10.2020]. Available at: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/11780878.pdf Search in Google Scholar

JUDGE, R. (2012): Towards a methodology for identifying potential sites for cemeteries [online]. [cit. 10.10.2020]. Available at: http://vital.seals.ac.za:8080/vital/access/manager/Repository/vital:10649?site_name=GlobalView&view=null&f0=sm_subject%3A%22Pollution%22&sort=null Search in Google Scholar

KRÓLIKOWSKI, J. T. (2016): Sequence viewing analysis as an urban landscape valorisation and design method. Space&Form, 26: 9–24.10.21005/pif.2016.26.A-01 Search in Google Scholar

LANDSCAPE CHARACTER ASSESSMENT (2002): Countryside Commission. Gloucestershire (UK), The countryside Agency John Dower House. Search in Google Scholar

LARKIN, M. T. (2011): An Analysis of Land Use Planning Policies for Cemeteries in Ontario (Doctoral Dissertation). Digital Commons Ryerson University [online]. [cit. 01.10.2020]. Available at: https://digital.library.ryerson.ca/islandora/object/RULA%3A2200 Search in Google Scholar

LEHRER, J. D. (1974): Cemetery Land Use and the Urban Planner. Urban Law Annual Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law, 7: 181–197. Search in Google Scholar

LOTFI, S., HABIBI, K., JAVAD KOOHSARI, M. (2009): Integrating multi-criteria models and Geographical information system for cemetery site selection (a case study of the Sanandaj city, Iran). Acta Geographica Slovenica, 49(1): 179–198.10.3986/AGS49106 Search in Google Scholar

MALOY, M., NELSON, T. (2020): Hydrogeological Cemetery Setback Criteria Assessment Stafford County, Virginia, ECS Project No. 47-9935. Search in Google Scholar

NACZELNA IZBA KONTROLI (2016): Zarzadzanie cmentarzami komunalnymi [online]. [cit. 22.08.2020]. Available at: https://www.nik.gov.pl/plik/id,12230,vp,14613.pdf Search in Google Scholar

NECKEL, A., COSTA, C., NUNES MARIO, D., SAGGIN SABADIN, C. E., BODAH E. T. (2017): Environmental damage and public health threat caused by cemeteries: a proposal of ideal cemeteries for the growing urban sprawl. urbe. Revista Brasileira de Gestão Urbana, 9(2): 216–230.10.1590/2175-3369.009.002.ao05 Search in Google Scholar

NEPA (2007): Environmental impact Assessment for the Proposed Cemetery Development Burnt Ground, Environmental Management Consultants (Caribbean). Hanover [online]. [cit. 10.11.2021]. Available at: https://www.nepa.gov.jm/sites/default/files/2019-12/BurntGroundEIA.pdf Search in Google Scholar

NGUYEN, X. L., CHOU, T. Y., VAN HOANG, T., FANG, Y. M., NGUYEN, Q. H. (2019): Research on Optimal Cemetery Location Selection using Approach of Fuzzy Set Theory and Analytic Hierarchy Process in Environment of Geographic Information System: a Case Study in Hung Ha District, Thai Binh province. Vietnam International Journal of Research and Innovations in Earth Science, 6(3): 2394–1375. Search in Google Scholar

NIŢĂ, M. R., IOJĂ, I. C., ROZYLOWICZ, L., ONOSE, D. A., TUDOR, A. C. (2014): Land use consequences of the evolution of cemeteries in the Bucharest Metropolitan Area. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57(7): 1066–1082.10.1080/09640568.2013.815607 Search in Google Scholar

NITAVSKA, N. (2011): The method of landscape identity assessment Annual 17th International Scientific Conference Proceedings. Research for Rural Development, 2: 175–181. Search in Google Scholar

NORDH, H., SWENSEN, G. [eds.] (2018): Cemeteries as green urban spaces. Special issue, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 33: 1–106.10.1016/j.ufug.2018.04.014 Search in Google Scholar

ODE, A., TVEIT, M. S., FRY, G. (2008): Capturing Landscape Visual Character Using Indicators: Touching base with Landscape Aesthetic Theory. Landscape Research, 33: 89–117.10.1080/01426390701773854 Search in Google Scholar

PACHECO, A., MENDES, J., MARTINS, T., HASSUDA, S., KIMMELMANN, A. (1991): Cemeteries-a Potential Risk to Groundwater. Water Science and Technology, 24(11): 97–104.10.2166/wst.1991.0341 Search in Google Scholar

PILARCZYK, A., NOWAK, P. (2019): Factors Determining the Ways for Shaping the Landscapes of Municipal Cemeteries in Szczecin: Proposals of Changes in the Shaping of Municipal Cemeteries. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 471(9): 092057. IOP Publishing IOP.10.1088/1757-899X/471/9/092057 Search in Google Scholar

POLISH CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDING FACILITIES (1999): [online]. Available at: http://prawo.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/download.xsp/WDU19991121316/O/D19991316.pdf Search in Google Scholar

PURDON (2009): Southern Cemetery Tuggeranong ACT Cemeteries Authority Site Assessment and Selection [online]. [cit. 11.10.2020]. Available at: https://www.cityservices.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/395403/Southern_Cemetery_Site_Assessment_190110_Low_Res_2.pdf Search in Google Scholar

QUINTON J. M., DUINKER P. N. (2018): Beyond burial: researching and managing cemeteries as urban green spaces, with examples from Canada. Environmental Reviews, 27(2): 252–262.10.1139/er-2018-0060 Search in Google Scholar

RAE, R. A. (2021): Cemeteries as public urban green space: Management, funding and form. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 61: 127078.10.1016/j.ufug.2021.127078 Search in Google Scholar

REZA, M. A. (2012): Sustainability of Urban Cemeteries and the Transformation of Malay Burial Practices in Kuala Lumpur Metropolitan Region. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 6: 3001–3020. Search in Google Scholar

REZA, M. A. (2019): Spatial Planning of Muslim Cemeteries: A Focus on Sustainable Design Practice. The European Proceedings of Multidisciplinary Sciences EpMS. 4th International Conference on Rebuilding Place, 2: 144–159. Search in Google Scholar

REZAEI, M., TAZESH, Y., OMIDIPOOR, M., MOEINMEHR, A. (2018): Using Fuzzy Delphi Analytic Hierarchy Process and Geographic Information System in Cemetery Site selection (GIS) (Case Study: Likak City). Journal of Regional Planning, 7(28): 167–178. Search in Google Scholar

ROCQUE, D. (2017): Guidelines for the selection and development of green cemeteries in Maine [online]. [cit. 11.10.2020]. Available at: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/52f117dae4b0c08037396a20/t/5b92be37758d4635bdea764e/1536343611131/Green+Cemetery+Guidelines+%282%29.pdf Search in Google Scholar

RUGG, J. (2000): Defining the place of burial: What makes a cemetery a cemetery? Mortality, 5(3): 259–275.10.1080/713686011 Search in Google Scholar

SALISBURY, M. A. (2002): Feasibility Study of the Woodland Cemetery in Canada. Canada, University of Guelph School of Landscape Architecture. Search in Google Scholar

ŠELIH, J., KNE, A., SRDIĆ, A., ŽURA, M. (2008): Multiple-criteria decision support system in highway infrastructure management. Transport, 23(4): 299–305.10.3846/1648-4142.2008.23.299-305 Search in Google Scholar

SEPA SCOTTISH ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION AGENCY (2017): Guidance on Assessing the Impacts of Cemeteries on Groundwater [online]. [cit. 10.11.2021]. Available at: https://www.sepa.org.uk/media/143364/lups-gu32-guidance-on-assessing-the-impacts-ofcemetries-on-groundwater.pdf Search in Google Scholar

SHAKER ARDEKANI, R., AKHGAR, H., ZABIHI, H. (2015): Cemetery as a Sociocultural Space in the Persian Cities. International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development, 5(2): 57–68. Search in Google Scholar

SHEPPARD-SIMMS, E. A. (2012): Designing the Integral Cemetery. A landscape response to Sydney’s burial crisis. Master Thesis, University of New South Wales. Sydney, Australia [online]. [cit. 11.10.2020]. Available at: http://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/fapi/datastream/unsworks:10579/SOURCE01?view=true Search in Google Scholar

SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT CONDITIONS AND DIRECTIONS STUDY, BIAŁYSTOK (2019): [online]. Available at: https://www.bialystok.pl/pl/dla_biznesu/zagospodarowanie_przestrzenne/dokumenty_planistyczne_/studium.html Search in Google Scholar

SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT CONDITIONS AND DIRECTIONS STUDY, CHOROSZCZ (2004): [online]. Available at: https://bip.choroszcz.pl/zamierzenia--programy-oraz-ich-realizacja/studium-uwarunkowan-ikierunkow-zagospodarowania-przestrzennego-gminy/ Search in Google Scholar

SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT CONDITIONS AND DIRECTIONS STUDY, TUROŚŃ KOŚCIELNA (2018): [online]. Available at: http://www.turosnkoscielna.pl/budownictwo/zagospodarowanie-przestrzenne/141-studium-uwarunkowan-i-kierunkow-zagospodarowaniaprzestrzennego Search in Google Scholar

SRIVAS, S., KHOT, P. G. (2018): GIS-based Computational Tools & Techniques for Multidimensional Data Analysis & Visualization. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 13(15): 11770–11775. Search in Google Scholar

SZAFRANKO, E. (2014): Ways to determine criteria in multi-criteria methods applied to assessment of variants of a planned building investment. Czasopismo Techniczne, 2-B(6): 41–48. Search in Google Scholar

THOMAS, L. V. (1980): Le cadavre. De la biologie a l’anthropologie. Bruxelles, Editions Complexe. Search in Google Scholar

USLU, A.; BARIŞ, E., ERDOĞAN, E. (2009): Ecological concerns over cemeteries. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(13): 1505–1511. Search in Google Scholar

WSP Opus (2019): Waikumete Cemetery Feasibility Study. Prepared for Auckland Council [online]. [cit. 10.11.2021]. Search in Google Scholar

WEJCHERT, K. (1974): Elementy kompozycji urbanistycznej. Warszawa, Wydawnictwo Arkady. Search in Google Scholar

WHO WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (1998): The impact of cemeteries on the environment and public health [online]. [cit. 21.10.2020]. Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/108132/EUR_ICP_EHNA_01_04_01(A).pdf;jsessionid=4A51270311B177E01C22FA0B86A39964?sequence=1 Search in Google Scholar

WORLD URBANIZATION PROSPECTS (2018): The 2018 Revision. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, New York [online]. [cit. 21.10.2020]. Available at: https://population.un.org/wup/Publications/Files/WUP2018-Report.pdf Search in Google Scholar

WRC WATER RESEARCH COMMISION (1994): Development of a method for the selection of suitable landfill sites, and of guidelines for sanitary landfill in municipal areas. Extended executive summary [online]. [cit. 10.11.2021]. Available at: http://www.wrc.org.za/wp-content/uploads/mdocs/352-1-94.pdf Search in Google Scholar

XU, E., ZHANG, H. (2013): Spatially-explicit sensitivity analysis for land suitability evaluation. Applied Geography, 45: 1–9.10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.08.005 Search in Google Scholar

YOON, K., HWANG, C. (1995): Multiple Attribute Decision Making: An introduction. London, Sage Publications.10.4135/9781412985161 Search in Google Scholar

ZYCHOWSKI, J., BRYNDAL, T. (2015): Impact of cemeteries on groundwater contamination by bacteria and viruses – a review. Journal of Water and Health, 13(2): 285–301.10.2166/wh.2014.11926042963 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD