1. bookVolume 58 (2021): Issue 3 (June 2021)
Journal Details
First Published
18 Mar 2008
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Open Access

A Review: The Energy Poverty Issue in the European Union and Latvia

Published Online: 24 Jun 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 58 (2021) - Issue 3 (June 2021)
Page range: 227 - 248
Journal Details
First Published
18 Mar 2008
Publication timeframe
6 times per year

1. European Commission. (2015). Energy Union Package – A Framework Strategy for a Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy. COM(2015) 80 Final, 1–21. Search in Google Scholar

2. Kurevska, L., Sauhats, A., Junghans, G., & Lavrinovics, V. (2020). Measuring the impact of demand response services on electricity prices in Latvian electricity market. In 2020 IEEE 61st Int. Sci. Conf. Power Electr. Eng. Riga Tech. Univ., (pp. 1–4), 5–6 November 2020, Riga, Latvia.10.1109/RTUCON51174.2020.9316485 Search in Google Scholar

3. Petrichenko, L., Sauhats, A., Petrichenko, R., Borscevskis, O., & Zima-Bockarjova, M. (2020). Billing system impact on the deployment of electric vehicles. In Int. Conf. Eur. Energy Mark. EEM, (pp. 20–24), 16–18 September 2020, Stockholm, Sweden.10.1109/EEM49802.2020.9221909 Search in Google Scholar

4. Sauhats, A., Zemite, L., Petrichenko, L., Moshkin, I., & Jasevics, A. (2018). Estimating the Economic Impacts of Net Metering Schemes for Residential PV Systems with Profiling of Power Demand, Generation, and Market Prices. Energies, 11 (11), 3222.10.3390/en11113222 Search in Google Scholar

5. Broka, Z., Kozadajevs, J., Sauhats, A., Finn, D. P., & Turner, W. J. N. (2016). Modelling residential heat demand supplied by a local smart electric thermal storage system. In 2016 57th Int. Sci. Conf. Power Electr. Eng. Riga Tech. Univ. RTUCON 2016 (pp. 259–266), 13–14 October 2016, Riga Latvia.10.1109/RTUCON.2016.7763128 Search in Google Scholar

6. Caramizaru, A., & Uihlein, A. (2019). Energy Communities: An Overview of Energy and Social Innovation. EUR 30083 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. Search in Google Scholar

7. Koh, S. C. L., Marchand, R., Genovese, A., & Brennan, A. (2012). Fuel Poverty: Perspectives from the Front Line. Research Report. Centre for Energy Environment and Sustainability. Search in Google Scholar

8. O’Meara, G. (2016). A Review of the Literature on Fuel Poverty with a Focus on Ireland. Soc. Indic. Res., 128, (1), 285–303.10.1007/s11205-015-1031-5 Search in Google Scholar

9. CAC. (2017). Tackling Energy Poverty. Manitoba Branch. Available at http://www.ic.gc.ca/app/oca/crd/dcmnt.do?Open=1&id=5042&lang=eng&wbdisable=true Search in Google Scholar

10. Hills, J. (2011). Fuel Poverty – The Problem and its Measurement,” 2011. Search in Google Scholar

11. Hills, J. (2012). Getting the Measure of Fuel Poverty. Final Report of the Fuel Poverty. London: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion. Available at https://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cr/CASEreport72.pdf Search in Google Scholar

12. Day, R., Walker, G., & Simcock, N. (2016). Conceptualising Energy Use and Energy Poverty Using a Capabilities Framework. Energy Policy, 93, 255–264.10.1016/j.enpol.2016.03.019 Search in Google Scholar

13. Moore, R. (2012). Definitions of Fuel Poverty: Implications for Policy. Energy Policy, 49, 19–26.10.1016/j.enpol.2012.01.057 Search in Google Scholar

14. Pye, S., Dobbins, A., Baffert, C., Ivana, J., De Miglio, R., & Deane, P. (2015). Energy Poverty and Vulnerable Consumers in the Energy Sector across the EU. Policy Report 2. Available at https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/INSIGHT_E_Energy%20Poverty%20-%20Main%20Report_FINAL.pdf Search in Google Scholar

15. Grevisse, F., & Brynart, M. (2011). Energy Poverty in Europe : Towards a More Global Understanding. Eur. Counc. an Energy Effic. Econ. 2011 Summer Study, 71, 537–549. Search in Google Scholar

16. Bouzarovski, S., & Petrova, S. (2015). The EU Energy Poverty and Vulnerability Agenda: An Emergent Domain of Transnational Action. Energy Policy Making in the EU, 129–144.10.1007/978-1-4471-6645-0_7 Search in Google Scholar

17. Bouzarovski, S. (2018). Energy Poverty. London: Palgrave Macmillan.10.1007/978-3-319-69299-9 Search in Google Scholar

18. Simcock, N., Walker, G., & Day, R. (2016). Fuel Poverty in the UK: Beyond Heating? People, Place and Policy, 25–41.10.3351/ppp.0010.0001.0003 Search in Google Scholar

19. Thomson, H., Snell, C., & Liddell, C. (2016). Fuel Poverty in the European Union: A Concept in Need of Definition? People Place and Policy Online, 10 (1), 5–24.10.3351/ppp.0010.0001.0002 Search in Google Scholar

20. Deller, D. (2016). Energy Affordability in the EU: The Risks of Metric Driven Policies. Centre for Competition Policy, University of East Anglia. Available at http://competitionpolicy.ac.uk/documents/8158338/11320618/CCP+WP+16-9+complete.pdf/69d1f4ff-7301-493d-a255-4de8d92b228010.2139/ssrn.2850876 Search in Google Scholar

21. Dubois, U. (2012). From Targeting to Implementation: The Role of Identification of Fuel Poor Households. Energy Policy, 49, 107–115.10.1016/j.enpol.2011.11.087 Search in Google Scholar

22. Sovacool, B. K. (2012). The Political Economy of Energy Poverty: A Review of Key Challenges. Energy Sustain. Dev., 16, (3), 272–282.10.1016/j.esd.2012.05.006 Search in Google Scholar

23. Karekezi, S., McDade, S., Boardman, B., & Kimani, J. (2012). Energy, Poverty, and Development. Global Energy Assessment: Toward a Sustainable Future, 151–190, Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

24. Okushima, S. (2017). Gauging Energy Poverty: A Multidimensional Approach. Energy, 137, 1159–1166.10.1016/j.energy.2017.05.137 Search in Google Scholar

25. Okushima, S. (2016). Measuring Energy Poverty in Japan, 2004–2013. Energy Policy, 98, 557–564.10.1016/j.enpol.2016.09.005 Search in Google Scholar

26. Castaño-Rosa, R., Solís-Guzmán, J., Rubio-Bellido, C., & Marrero, M. (2019). Towards a Multiple-Indicator Approach to Energy Poverty in the European Union: A Review. Energy Build., 193, 36–48.10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.03.039 Search in Google Scholar

27. Watson, D., & Maitre, B. (2015). Is Fuel Poverty in Ireland a Distinct Type of Deprivation? Econ. Soc. Rev. (Irel)., 46 (2), 267–291. Search in Google Scholar

28. Walker, G., & Day, R. (2012). Fuel Poverty as Injustice: Integrating Distribution, Recognition and Procedure in the Struggle for Affordable Warmth. Energy Policy, 49, 69–75.10.1016/j.enpol.2012.01.044 Search in Google Scholar

29. EC DG VCWG. (2015). Working Paper on Energy Poverty. Available at https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/Working%20Paper%20on%20Energy%20Poverty.pdf Search in Google Scholar

30. Schumacher, K., Cludius, J., Forster, H., Greiner, B., Hunecke, K., Kenkmann, T., & van Nuffel, L. (2015). How to End Energy Poverty? Scrutiny of Current EU and Member States Instruments. Policy Department A: Economic and Scientific Policy, European Parliament, Brussels. Search in Google Scholar

31. González-Eguino, M. (2015). Energy Poverty: An Overview. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 47, 377–385.10.1016/j.rser.2015.03.013 Search in Google Scholar

32. Strunck, C. (2017). Fighting Energy Poverty in Europe – Responses, Instruments, Successes. Available at http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/wiso/13508.pdf Search in Google Scholar

33. Rademaekers, K., Yearwood, J., Ferreira, A., Pye, S., Hamilton, I., Agnolucci, P. .... & Anisimova, N. (2016). Selecting Indicators to Measure Energy Poverty. Trinomics. Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Available at https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/Selecting%20Indicators%20to%20Measure%20Energy%20Poverty.pdf Search in Google Scholar

34. Thomson, H., & Snell, C. (2013). Quantifying the Prevalence of Fuel Poverty across the European Union. Energy Policy, 52, 563–572.10.1016/j.enpol.2012.10.009 Search in Google Scholar

35. Bouzarovski, S. (2011). Energy Poverty in the EU: A Review of the Evidence. University of Birmingham. Available at http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi= Search in Google Scholar

36. Energy Poverty Observatory (n.d.). European Fuel Poverty and Energy Efficiency. European Union. Available at https://www.energypoverty.eu/publication/diagnosis-causes-and-consequences-fuel-poverty-belgium-france-italy-spain-and-united Search in Google Scholar

37. EESK. (2010). Liberalizācijas un ekonomikas krīzes ietekme uz enerģētisko nabadzību. Brisele. Search in Google Scholar

38. Thomson, H., Bouzarovski, S., & Snell, C. (2017). Rethinking the Measurement of Energy Poverty in Europe: A Critical Analysis of Indicators and Data. Indoor Built Environ., 26 (7), 879–901.10.1177/1420326X17699260558467628919837 Search in Google Scholar

39. Pye, S., & Dobbins, A. (2015). Energy Poverty and Vulnerable Consumers in the Energy Sector across the EU : Analysis of Policies and Measures. Policy Report-INSIGHT_E. Available at https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/INSIGHT_E_Energy%20Poverty%20-%20Main%20Report_FINAL.pdf Search in Google Scholar

40. Heindl, P. (2013). Measuring Fuel Poverty: General Considerations and Application to German Household Data.. Ssrn, 13.10.2139/ssrn.2304673 Search in Google Scholar

41. Schuessler, R. (2014). Energy Poverty Indicators: Conceptual Issues. Cent. Eur. Econ. Res. (ZEW), Discuss. Pap. Ser., 14 (14). Search in Google Scholar

42. Healy, J. D., & Clinch, J. P. (2002). Fuel Poverty in Europe: A Cross-Country Analysis Using a New Composite Measurement. Environ. Stud. Res. Ser., University College Dublin. Search in Google Scholar

43. Liddell, C., Morris, C., McKenzie, S. J. P., & Rae, G. (2012). Measuring and Monitoring Fuel Poverty in the UK: National and Regional Perspectives. Energy Policy, 49, 27–32.10.1016/j.enpol.2012.02.029 Search in Google Scholar

44. Harrington, B. E., Heyman, B., Merleau-Ponty, N., Stockton, H., Ritchie, N., & Heyman, A. (2005). Keeping Warm and Staying Well: Findings from the Qualitative Arm of the Warm Homes Project. Heal. Soc. Care Community, 13 (3), 259–267.10.1111/j.1365-2524.2005.00558.x15819747 Search in Google Scholar

45. Bouzarovski, S., Petrova, S., & Sarlamanov, R. (2012). Energy Poverty Policies in the EU: A Critical Perspective. Energy Policy, 49, 76–82.10.1016/j.enpol.2012.01.033 Search in Google Scholar

46. Snell, C., Bevan, M., & Thomson, H. (2015). Justice, Fuel Poverty and Disabled People in England. Energy Res. Soc. Sci., 10, 123–132.10.1016/j.erss.2015.07.012 Search in Google Scholar

47. Critchley, R., Gilbertson, J., Grimsley, M., & Green, G. (2007). Living in Cold Homes after Heating Improvements: Evidence from Warm-Front, England’s Home Energy Efficiency Scheme. Appl. Energy, 84 (2), 147–158.10.1016/j.apenergy.2006.06.001 Search in Google Scholar

48. Tirado Herrero, S., & Ürge-Vorsatz, D. (2012). Trapped in the Heat: A Post-Communist Type of Fuel Poverty. Energy Policy, 49, 60–68.10.1016/j.enpol.2011.08.067 Search in Google Scholar

49. Townsend, P. (1979). Poverty in the United Kingdom. A Survey of Household Resources and Standards of Living. England: Penguin Books Ltd.10.1525/9780520325760 Search in Google Scholar

50. Mack, J., & Lansley, S. (1985). Poor Britain. London: George Allen & Unwin. Search in Google Scholar

51. Gordon, D., Levitas, R., Pantazis, C., Patsios, D., Payne, S., Townsend, P. ... & Williams, J. (2000). Poverty and Social Exclusion in Britain. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Search in Google Scholar

52. Bouzarovski, S. (2014). Energy Poverty in the European Union: Landscapes of Vulnerability. Wiley Interdiscip. Rev. Energy Environ., 3 (3), 276–289.10.1002/wene.89 Search in Google Scholar

53. Palmer, G., Macinnes, T., & Kenway, P. (2008). Cold and Poor: An Analysis of the Link between Fuel Poverty and Low Income. London: New Policy Institute. Search in Google Scholar

54. McKay, S. (2005). Poverty or Preference: What do ‘Consensual Deprivation Indicators’ Really Mean?. Fisc. Stud., 25 (2), 201–223.10.1111/j.1475-5890.2004.tb00102.x Search in Google Scholar

55. Phimister, E., Vera-Toscano, E., & Roberts, D. (2014). The Dynamics of Energy Poverty: Evidence from Spain. Econ. Energy Environ. Policy, 4 (1), 153–166. Search in Google Scholar

56. Mutule, A., & Teremranova, J. (2018). Introduction of Energy Saving Principles: Technologies and Awareness, Latvian Experience. Latv. J. Phys. Tech. Sci., 55 (6), 52–62.10.2478/lpts-2018-0044 Search in Google Scholar

57. Mutule, A., Teremranova, J., & Antoskovs, N. (2018). Smart City through a Flexible Approach to Smart Energy. Latv. J. Phys. Tech. Sci., 55 (1), 3–14.10.2478/lpts-2018-0001 Search in Google Scholar

58. Watson, D., & Maitre, B. (2015). Is Fuel Poverty in Ireland a Distinct Type of Deprivation? The Economic and Social Review, 46 (2), 267–291. Search in Google Scholar

59. Samek Lodovici, M., & Torchio, N. (2015). Social Inclusion in EU Public Transport. European Parliament, Policy Department B: Structural and Cohesion Policies. Available at https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2015/540351/IPOL_STU(2015)540351(SUM01)_EN.pdf Search in Google Scholar

60. BISS. (2019). Ikgadējs nabadzības un sociālās atstumtības mazināšanas rīcībpolitikas izvērtējums (t.sk. izvērtējums par nevienlīdzību veselības aprūpē un nevienlīdzību mājokļa pieejamības jomā). Labklājības ministrija. Search in Google Scholar

61. Middlemiss, L., & Gillard, R. (2015). Fuel Poverty from the Bottom-up: Characterising Household Energy Vulnerability through the Lived Experience of the Fuel Poor. Energy Res. Soc. Sci., 6, 146–154.10.1016/j.erss.2015.02.001 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo