1. bookVolume 5 (2014): Issue 1 (December 2014)
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23 Nov 2011
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access type Open Access

Artificial General Intelligence: Concept, State of the Art, and Future Prospects

Published Online: 30 Dec 2014
Page range: 1 - 48
Accepted: 15 Mar 2014
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
23 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
3 times per year
Languages
English

In recent years broad community of researchers has emerged, focusing on the original ambitious goals of the AI field - the creation and study of software or hardware systems with general intelligence comparable to, and ultimately perhaps greater than, that of human beings. This paper surveys this diverse community and its progress. Approaches to defining the concept of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) are reviewed including mathematical formalisms, engineering, and biology inspired perspectives. The spectrum of designs for AGI systems includes systems with symbolic, emergentist, hybrid and universalist characteristics. Metrics for general intelligence are evaluated, with a conclusion that, although metrics for assessing the achievement of human-level AGI may be relatively straightforward (e.g. the Turing Test, or a robot that can graduate from elementary school or university), metrics for assessing partial progress remain more controversial and problematic.

Keywords

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