1. bookVolume 9 (2021): Issue 1 (March 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2354-0079
First Published
15 Apr 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

The impact of regional demographics on Higher Education Policy. An example from Silesia, Poland

Published Online: 13 Mar 2021
Page range: 10 - 22
Received: 15 Jun 2020
Accepted: 20 Jan 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2354-0079
First Published
15 Apr 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The determinants of higher education policy have their sources in various spheres, such as economic, social, educational, national policy, administrative, and demographic. Problems for the development of higher education also stem from these spheres. One of them is the challenging demographic situation that is a significant element of developing higher education in southern Poland (particuarly in the Silesia region). Given this context, this article aims to indicate the policies of the universities in the region which respond to the existing demographic threats. This relationship is to confront student opinions regarding their vision for their education and future career within the current demographic situation. Using research-based on an analysis of university and regional local government strategic documents and surveys carried out among students, we conclude that higher education development policy is responding to the demographic transformation. Meanwhile, students’ attitudes to the challenges of the demographic situation is quite “flexible” and relatively ambivalent. This article presents the contrast between the increasingly tricky demographic situation in Silesia, Poland, and the limited response in the two main groups of stakeholders – academic authorities and students – that require shaping higher education ipolicy towards future demographic challenges.

Keywords

Adcroft A., Teckman J., Willis R. 2010. Is higher education in the UK becoming more competitive? International Journal of Public Sector Management, 23, 6: 578–588. Search in Google Scholar

Adina-Petruta P. 2015. Global university rankings - a comparative analysis. Procedia Economics and Finance, 26: 54–63. Search in Google Scholar

Altbach P.G. 2004. Globalisation and the University: Myths and realities in an unequal world. Tertiary Education and Managemen, 10, 1: 3–25. Search in Google Scholar

Antonowicz D. 2015. Między siłą globalnych procesów a lokalną tradycją. Polskie szkolnictwo wyższe w dobie przemian. Wydawnictwo Naukowe UMK, Toruń. Search in Google Scholar

Antonowicz D., Gorlewski B. 2011. Demograficzne Tsunami. Raport Instytutu Sokratesa na temat wpływu zmian demograficznych na szkolnictwo wyższe do 2020 roku. Instytut Rozwoju Kapitału Intelektualnego im. Sokratesa, Warszawa. Search in Google Scholar

Baron M., Bartoszek A., Blazy R., Gasidło K., Janiszek M., Klasik A., Markowski T., Mazur-Belzyt K., Palmen L., Pancewicz A., Pięta-Kanurska M., Runge J., Twardoch A., Wrana K. 2019. Budowanie atrakcyjności przestrzeni miejskich (Building the Attractiveness of Urban Spaces). Studia KPZK PAN, Warszawa. Search in Google Scholar

Bathmaker A.M., Ingram N., Waller R. 2013. Higher Education, Social Class and the Mobilisation of capitals: recognising and playing the game. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 34, 5/6: 723–743. Search in Google Scholar

Birkland T.A. 2011. An Introduction to the Policy Process, Theories, Concepts and Models of Public Policy Making. Routledge, New York. Search in Google Scholar

Błaszczak A. 2018. Zbliża się zmierzch rynku pracownika. Rzeczpospolita. Retrieved from https://www.rp.pl/Rynekpracy/311229884-Zbliza-sie-zmierzch-rynku-pracownika.html Search in Google Scholar

Börzel T.A., Langbein J. 2019. Core–periphery disparities in Europe: is there a link between political and economic divergence? West European Politics, 42, 5: 941–964. Search in Google Scholar

Brown P., Lauder H., Ashton D.N. 2011. The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs and Incomes. Oxford University Press, Oxford.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731688.001.0001 Search in Google Scholar

Bucher H., Mai R. 2005. Depopulation and its consequences for the regions of Europe. DG III Social cohesion, Brussels. Search in Google Scholar

Burke C. 2015. Culture, Capital and Graduate Futures: Degrees of Class. Routledge, London.10.4324/9781315732817 Search in Google Scholar

Curaj A., Georghiou L., Harper J.C., Egron-Polak E. (eds.) 2015. Mergers and Alliances in Higher Education: International Practice and Emerging Opportunities. Cham: Springer International Publishing.10.1007/978-3-319-13135-1 Search in Google Scholar

Edukacja dla pracy. Raport o rozwoju społecznym. Polska – 2007. 2007. UNDP, Warszawa. Search in Google Scholar

Figueiredo H., Biscaia R., Rocha V., Teixeria P. 2017. Should we start worrying? Mass higher education, skill demand and the increasingly complex landscape of young graduates’ employment. Studies in Higher Education, 42, 8: 1401–1420. Search in Google Scholar

Heffner K., Klemens B., Solga B. 2019. Challenges of Regional Development in the Context of Population Ageing. Analysis Based on the Example of Opolskie Voivodeship. Sustainability, 11, 19, 5207. Search in Google Scholar

Holmes L. 2013. Competing perspectives on graduate employability: possession, position or process? Studies in Higher Education, 38, 4: 538–554. Search in Google Scholar

Izyumov A. 2010. Human costs of post-communist transition: Public policies and private response. Review of Social Economy, 68, 1: 93–125. Search in Google Scholar

Jończy R. (ed.). 2013. Exodus absolwentów szkół średnich województwa opolskiego do dużych ośrodków regionalnych kraju i za granicę. Wojewódzki Urząd Pracy w Opolu, Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu, Opole. Search in Google Scholar

Jończy R., Rokita-Poskart D. 2014. Educational migrations as a factor of the depopulation of the intermetropolitan region. Economic and Environmental Studies, 14, 1: 9–20. Search in Google Scholar

Kabók J., Radišić S., Kuzmanović B. 2017. Cluster analysis of higher-education competitiveness in selected European countries. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 30, 1: 845–857. Search in Google Scholar

Karlsen J., Beseda J., Šima K., Zyzak B. 2017. Outsiders or Leaders? The Role of Higher Education Institutions in the Development of Peripheral Regions. Higher Education Policy, 30, 4: 463–479. Search in Google Scholar

Kivinen O., Hedman J., Kaipainen P. 2007. From Elite University to Mass Higher Education: Educational Expansion, Equality of Opportunity and Returns to University Education. Acta Sociologica, 50, 3: 231–247.10.1177/0001699307080929 Search in Google Scholar

Knight J. 2013. The changing landscape of higher education internationalisation – for better or worse? Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education, 17, 3: 84–90. Search in Google Scholar

Korenik S. 2017. Procesy rozwoju gospodarczego w przestrzeni Dolnego Śląska - wybrane problemy (Economic Development Processes in Lower Silesian Space - Selected Problems). Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wroclawiu (Research Papers of the Wroclaw University of Economics), 490: 11–20. Search in Google Scholar

Krzysztofik R. (ed.). 2019. Przemiany demograficzne miast Polski. Wymiar krajowy, regionalny i lokalny. Instytut Rozwoju Miast i Regionów, Warszawa-Kraków. Search in Google Scholar

Krzysztofik R. 2013. “Zagłada miast” - Projekt Shrink Smart - The Governance of Shrinkage within an European Context na Uniwersytecie Śląskim. [in:] N. Szajewska, M. Lipińska (eds.) Zarządzanie rozwojem miast o zmniejszającej się liczbie mieszkańców (w kontekście perspektywy finansowej 2014-2020). Senat Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, Warszawa: 45–56. Search in Google Scholar

Krzysztofik R., Runge J., Kantor-Pietraga I. 2011. Paths of Shrinkage in the Katowice Conurbation. Case Studies of Bytom and Sosnowiec Cities. Wydział Nauk o Ziemi Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, Sosnowiec. Search in Google Scholar

Kwiek M. 2006. The University and the state. A study into global transformations. Peter Lang, Frankfurt and New York. Search in Google Scholar

Labanauskis R., Ginevičius R. 2017. Role of stakeholders leading to development of higher education services. Engineering Management in Production and Services, 9, 3: 63–75. Search in Google Scholar

Lowden K., Hall S., Elliot D., Lewin J. 2011. Employers’ Perceptions of the Employability Skills of New Graduates. University of Glasgow, SCRE Centre, Glasgow. Search in Google Scholar

Magalhaes A., Veiga A., Ribeiro F.M., Sousa S., Santiago R. 2013. Creating a common grammar for European higher education governance. Higher Education, 65, 1: 95–112. Search in Google Scholar

McCracken M., Currie D., Harrison J. 2016. Understanding graduate recruitment, development and retention for the enhancement of talent management: sharpening ‘the edge’ of graduate talent. The International Journal Human Resource Management, 27, 22: 2727–2752. Search in Google Scholar

McMahon W.W. 2018. The total return to higher education: Is there underinvestment for economic growth and development? The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 70: 90–111. Search in Google Scholar

Moreau M.P., Leathwood C. 2006. Graduates employment and the discourse of employability: a critical analysis. Journal of Education and Work, 19, 4: 305–324. Search in Google Scholar

Moroń D. 2016. Wpływ przemian demograficznych na szkolnictwo wyższe w Polsce. Studia Ekonomiczne, 290: 107–116. Search in Google Scholar

Murzyn-Kupisz M., Szmytkowska M. 2015. Studentification in the post-socialist context: The case of Cracow and the Tri-City (Gdansk, Gdynia and Sopot). Geografie, 120, 2: 188–209. Search in Google Scholar

Núñez I., Livanos I. 2010. Higher education and unemployment in Europe: an analysis of the academic subject and national effects. Higher Education, 59, 4: 475–487. Search in Google Scholar

Olssen M. 2016. Neoliberal competition in higher education today: research, impact and accountability. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 37, 1: 129–148. Search in Google Scholar

Rauhwargers A. 2013. Global University Rankings and their Impact – Report II, European University Association, Brussels. Search in Google Scholar

Robertson S.L. 2009. Europe, Competitiveness and Higher Education: An Evoling Project. [in:] R. Dale, S.L. Robertson (eds). Globalisation and Europeanisation in Education. Symposium Books, Didcot Oxfordshire: 101–119. Search in Google Scholar

Rust V.D., Kim S. 2012. The Global Competition in Higher Education. World Studies in Education, 13: 5–20. Search in Google Scholar

Santa R. 2018. The Future of European Higher Education in an Age of Demographic Headwinds: The Impact of Demographic Decline on Higher Education System Structures Funding in Romania Poland Russia. [in:] A. Curaj, L. Deca, R. Pricopie (eds.) European Higher Education Area: The Impact of Past and Future Policies. Springer, Cham: 369–386. Search in Google Scholar

Scott P. 1995. The Meanings of Mass Higher Education. The Society of Research into Higher Education and Open University. Bristol (PA), Buckingham. Search in Google Scholar

Soulsby A., Hollinshead G., Steger T. 2017. Crisis and change in industrial relations in Central and Eastern Europe. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 23, 1: 5–15. Search in Google Scholar

Strategia rozwoju Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach 2018-2025. 2018. Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Katowicach, Katowice. Search in Google Scholar

Strategia rozwoju Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu. 2015. Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu, Wrocław. Search in Google Scholar

Strategia rozwoju Uniwersytetu Opolskiego w latach 2015-2020. 2015. Uniwersytet Opolski, Opole. Search in Google Scholar

Strategia rozwoju Uniwersytetu Śląskiego w Katowicach na lata 2012-2020 (University of Silesia in Katowice - development strategy 2012-2020). 2012. Uniwerstytet Śląski, Katowice. Search in Google Scholar

Strategia rozwoju Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego na lata 2013-2020. 2013. Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Wrocław. Search in Google Scholar

Strategia Rozwoju Województwa Dolnośląskiego. 2013. Uchwałą nr XXXII/932/13 z dnia 28 lutego 2013 r. Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Dolnośląskiego, Wrocław. Search in Google Scholar

Strategia Rozwoju Województwa Opolskiego do 2020 r. 2012. Samorząd Województwa Opolskiego, Opole. Search in Google Scholar

Strategia Rozwoju Województwa Śląskiego „Śląskie 2020+”. 2013. Wydział Planowania Strategicznego i Przestrzennego Urząd MarszałkowskiWojewództwa Śląskiego, Katowice. Search in Google Scholar

Stryjakiewicz T. (ed.). 2014. Kurczenie się miast w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej. Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań. Search in Google Scholar

Suleman F. 2018. The employability skills of higher education graduates: insights into conceptual frameworks and methodological options. Higher Education, 76, 2: 263–278. Search in Google Scholar

Szambelańczyk J. (ed.) 2017. Konsolidacja w sektorze szkolnictwa wyższego, Rada Główna Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego, Warszawa. Search in Google Scholar

Szkolnictwo wyższe w roku akademickim 2017/2018. 2018. GUS, Warszawa. Available online: https://stat.gov.pl/filesgfx/portalinformacyjny/pl/defaultaktualnosci/5488/8/5/1/szkolnictwo_wyzsze_w_roku_akademickim_2017-2018_dane_wstepne.pdf (accessed on 1 January 2021). Search in Google Scholar

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2019. 2019. Available online: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2019/world-ranking#!/page/0/length/25/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc/cols/stats (accessed on 1 January 2021). Search in Google Scholar

Tomlinson M. 2018. Conceptions of the value of higher education in a measured market. Higher Education, 75, 4: 711–727. Search in Google Scholar

Tomusk V. 2000. When East Meet West: Decontextualizing the Quality of East European Higher Education. Quality in Higher Education, 6, 3: 175–185. Search in Google Scholar

Tomusk V. 2013. The Globalisation Challenge for European Higher Education. [in:] P. Zgaga, U. Teichler, J. Brennan (eds). Convergence and Divergence, Centres and Peripheries. U. K. Peter Lang Publishing Group, Oxford: 141–160. Search in Google Scholar

Tymon A. 2013. The student perspective on employability. Studies in Higher Education, 38, 6: 841–856. Search in Google Scholar

Urbanovič J., Wilkins S. 2013. Internationalisation as a Strategy to Improve the Quality of Higher Education in Small States: Stakeholder Perspectives in Lithuania. Higher Education Policy, 26: 373–396. Search in Google Scholar

Van den Wende M. 2009. European Responses to Global Competitiveness in Higher Education. [in:] J.A. Douglass, C.J. King, I. Feller (eds). Globalization’s Muse: Universities and Higher Education Systems in a Changing World. Public Policy Press/Center for Studies in Higher Education, Institute of Governmental Studies. Berkeley: 317–339. Search in Google Scholar

Vincent-Lancrin S. 2008. What is the Impact of Demography on Higher Education Systems? A Forward-looking Approach for OECD Countries, Higher Education to 2030, 1: Demography.10.1787/9789264040663-3-en Search in Google Scholar

Weible C.M., Sabatier P.A. 2017. Theories of the Policy Process. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.10.4324/9780429494284 Search in Google Scholar

Williamson J.G. 2008. Globalization and the Great Divergence: terms of trade booms and volatility in the poor periphery 1782–1913. European Review of Economic History, 12, 3: 355–391. Search in Google Scholar

Central Statistical Office in Poland. Available online: https://stat.gov.pl/ (accessed on 1 January 2021). Search in Google Scholar

Demographic Yearbook of Poland [Rocznik Demograficzny Polski] (2020). Warsaw: GUS. Available online: https://stat.gov.pl/obszary-tematyczne/roczniki-statystyczne/roczniki-statystyczne/rocznik-demograficzny-2020,3,14.html (accessed on 1 January 2021). Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo