1. bookVolume 53 (2019): Issue 3 (July 2019)
Journal Details
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
access type Open Access


Published Online: 24 Aug 2019
Volume & Issue: Volume 53 (2019) - Issue 3 (July 2019)
Page range: 191 - 212
Journal Details
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year

Pheochromocytomas are rare tumors originating in the adrenal medulla. They may be sporadic or in the context of a hereditary syndrome. A considerable number of pheochromocytomas carry germline or somatic gene mutations, which are inherited in the autosomal dominant way. All patients should undergo genetic testing. Symptoms are due to catecholamines over production or to a mass effect. Diagnosis is confirmed by raised plasma or urine metanephrines or normetanephrines. Radiology assists in the tumor location and any local invasion or metastasis. All the patients should have preoperative preparation with α-blockers and/or other medications to control hypertension, arrhythmia, and volume expansion. Surgery is the definitive treatment. Follow up should be life-long.


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