1. bookVolume 28 (2021): Issue 2 (June 2021)
Journal Details
First Published
08 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
access type Open Access

Passive and Active Biomonitoring of Atmospheric Aerosol with the Use of Mosses

Published Online: 23 Jul 2021
Page range: 163 - 172
Journal Details
First Published
08 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year

The aim of the carried out research was passive and active biomonitoring of woodlands in the Opole province. Pleurozium schreberi mosses were used during the research, in which the following heavy metals concentrations were determined: Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb. Concentrations were determined with absorption atomic spectrometry (AAS). On the basis of the carried out research, concentrations of heavy metals in moss samples used in the passive and active biomonitoring methods were compared. The obtained results indicate that Pleurozium schreberi mosses can be successfully used in both passive and active biomonitoring, however, these methods should not be used interchangeably in a defined study area. On the basis of carried out research it was determined that the applied biomonitoring methods can be supplementary.


[1] Markert B, Wappelhorst O, Weckert V, Herpin U, Siewers U, Friese K, et al. The use of bioindicators for monitoring the heavy-metal status of the environment. J Radioanal Nucl Chem. 1999;240:425-9. DOI: 10.1007/BF02349387. Search in Google Scholar

[2] Vingiani S, De Nicola F, Purvis WO, Concha-Graña E, Muniategui-Lorenzo S, López-Mahía P, et al. Active biomonitoring of heavy metals and PAHs with mosses and lichens: A case study in the cities of Naples and London. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2015;226(8):240. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-015-2504-5. Search in Google Scholar

[3] Ciesielczuk T, Olszowski T, Prokop M, Kłos A. Application of mosses to identification of emission sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2012;19(4):585-95. DOI: 10.2478/v10216-011-0041-8. Search in Google Scholar

[4] Shvetsova MS, Kamanina IZ, Frontasyeva MV, Madadzada AI, Zinicovscaia II, Pavlov SS, et al. Active moss biomonitoring using the “Moss Bag Technique” in the park of Moscow. Phys Part Nuclei Lett. 2019;16:994-1003. DOI: 10.1134/S1547477119060293. Search in Google Scholar

[5] Kosior G, Samecka-Cymerman A, Brudzińska-Kosior A. Transplanted moss hylocomium splendens as a bioaccumulator of trace elements from different categories of sampling sites in the Upper Silesia Area (SW Poland): Bulk and dry deposition impact. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2018;101:479-85. DOI: 10.1007/s00128-018-2429-y. Search in Google Scholar

[6] Zawadzki K, Samecka-Cymerman A, Kolon K, Wojtuń B, Mróz L, Kempers AJ. Metals in Pleurozium schreberi and Polytrichum commune from areas with various levels of pollution. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2016;23:11100-8. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-6278-0. Search in Google Scholar

[7] Rajfur M. Algae - heavy metals biosorbent. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2013;20(1):23-40. DOI: 10.2478/eces-2013-0002. Search in Google Scholar

[8] Świsłowski P, Rajfur M, Wacławek M. Influence of heavy metal concentration on chlorophyll content in Pleurozium schreberi mosses. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2020;27(4):591-601. DOI: 10.2478/eces-2020-0037. Search in Google Scholar

[9] Macedo-Miranda G, Avila-Pérez P, Gil-Vargas P, Zarazua G, Sanchez-Meza JC, Zepeda-Gomez C, et al. Accumulation of heavy metals in mosses: a biomonitoring study. SpringerPlus. 2016;5:715. DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-2524-7. Search in Google Scholar

[10] Kawser AM, Baki MA, Kundu GK, Islam MdS, Islam MdM, Hossain MdM. Human health risks from heavy metals in fish of Buriganga river, Bangladesh. SpringerPlus. 2016;5:1697. DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-3357-0. Search in Google Scholar

[11] Noh K, Thi LT, Jeong BR. Particulate matter in the cultivation area may contaminate leafy vegetables with heavy metals above safe levels in Korea. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2019;26:25762-74. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-05825-4. Search in Google Scholar

[12] Vetrimurugan E, Brindha K, Elango L, Ndwandwe OM. Human exposure risk to heavy metals through groundwater used for drinking in an intensively irrigated river delta. Appl Water Sci. 2017;7:3267-80. DOI: 10.1007/s13201-016-0472-6. Search in Google Scholar

[13] Grodzińska K, Frontasyeva M, Szarek-Łukaszewska G, Klich M, Kucharska-Fabiś A, Gundorina SF, et al. Trace element contamination in industrial regions of poland studied by moss monitoring. Environ Monit Assess. 2003;87:255-70. DOI: 10.1023/A:1024871310926. Search in Google Scholar

[14] Szczepaniak K, Astel A, Bode P, Sarbu C, Biziuk M, Raińska E, et al. Assessment of atmospheric inorganic pollution in the urban region of Gdańsk, Northern Poland. J Radioanal Nucl Chem. 2006;270:35-42. DOI: 10.1007/s10967-006-0418-9. Search in Google Scholar

[15] Boryło A, Romańczyk G, Skwarzec B. Lichens and mosses as polonium and uranium biomonitors on Sobieszewo Island. J Radioanal Nucl Chem. 2017;311:859-69. DOI: 10.1007/s10967-016-5079-8. Search in Google Scholar

[16] Kapusta P, Stanek M, Szarek-Łukaszewska G, Godzik B. Long-term moss monitoring of atmospheric deposition near a large steelworks reveals the growing importance of local non-industrial sources of pollution. Chemosphere. 2019;230:29-39. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.05.058. Search in Google Scholar

[17] Qarri F, Lazo P, Allajbeu S, Bekteshi L, Kane S, Stafilov T. The evaluation of air quality in Albania by moss biomonitoring and metals atmospheric deposition. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2019;76:554-71. DOI: 10.1007/s00244-019-00608-x. Search in Google Scholar

[18] Lazo P, Stafilov T, Qarri F, Allajbeu S, Bekteshi L, Frontasyeva M, et al. Spatial distribution and temporal trend of airborne trace metal deposition in Albania studied by moss biomonitoring. Ecol Indicat. 2019;101:1007-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.11.053. Search in Google Scholar

[19] Maxhuni A, Lazo P, Kane S, Quarri F, Marku E, Harmens H. First survey of atmospheric heavy metal deposition in Kosovo using moss biomonitoring. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2016;23:744-55. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-5257-1. Search in Google Scholar

[20] Chaligava O, Shetekauri S, Badawy WM, Frontasyeva MV, Zinicovscaia I, Shetekauri T, et al. Characterization of trace elements in atmospheric deposition studied by moss biomonitoring in Georgia. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2021;80:350-67. DOI: 10.1007/s00244-020-00788-x. Search in Google Scholar

[21] Gallego-Cartagena E, Morillas H, Carrero JA, Madariaga JM, Maguregui M. Naturally growing grimmiaceae family mosses as passive biomonitory of heavy metals pollution in urban-industrial atmospheres from the Bilbao Metropolitan area. Chemosphere. 2021;263:128190. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128190. Search in Google Scholar

[22] Cowden P, Aherne J. Assessment of atmospheric metal deposition by moss biomonitoring in aregion under the influence of a long standing active aluminium smelter. Atmosph Environ. 2019;201:84-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.12.022. Search in Google Scholar

[23] Špirić Z, Vučković I, Stafilov T, Kusan V, Beceva K. Biomonitoring of air pollution with mercury in Croatia by using moss species and CV-AAS. Environ Monit Assess. 2014;186:4357-66. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-014-3704-y. Search in Google Scholar

[24] Castello MA. Comparison between two moss species used as transplants for airborne trace element biomonitoring in NE Italy. Environ Monit Assess. 2007;133:267-76. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-006-9579-9. Search in Google Scholar

[25] Aničić Urošević M, Vuković G, Jovanović P, Vujičić M, Sabovljević A, Sabovljević M, et al. Urban background of air pollution: evaluation through moss bag biomonitoring of trace elements in Botanical garden. Urban Forestry Urban Greening. 2017;25:1-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2017.04.016. Search in Google Scholar

[26] Coskun M, Steinnes E, Coskun M, Cayir A. Comparison of epigeic moss (Hypnum cupressiforme) and lichen (Cladonia rangiformis) as biomonitor species of atmospheric metal deposition. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2009;82:1-5. DOI: 10.1007/s00128-008-9491-9. Search in Google Scholar

[27] Kolon K, Samecka-Cymerman A, Kempers AJ., Mróz L. Pleurozium schreberi of the Tatra mountains (Poland) used as a bioindicational system for observing long range atmospheric transport of chemical elements. J Atmos Chem. 2010;66:157-66. DOI: 10.1007/s10874-011-9198-x. Search in Google Scholar

[28] Dołęgowska S, Migaszewski ZM. Biomonitoring with mosses: Uncertainties related to sampling period, intrasite variability, and cleaning treatments. Ecol Indicat. 2019;101:296-302. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.01.033. Search in Google Scholar

[29] Szarek-Łukaszewska G, Grodzińska K, Braniewski S. Heavy metal concentration in the moss Pleurozium schreberi in the Niepołomice Forest, Poland: Changes during 20 years. Environ Monit Assess. 2002;79:231-7. DOI: 10.1023/A:1020226526451. Search in Google Scholar

[30] Zechmeister HG, Riss A, Hanus-Illnar A. Biomonitoring of atmospheric heavy metal deposition by mosses in the vicinity of industrial sites. J Atmos Chem. 2004;49:461-77. DOI: 10.1007/s10874-004-1260-5. Search in Google Scholar

[31] Samecka-Cymerman A, Kosior G, Kolon K, Wojtuń B, Zawadzki K, Rudecki A, et al. Pleurozium schreberi as bioindicator of mercury pollution in heavily industrialized region. J Atmos Chem. 2013;70:105-14. DOI: 10.1007/s10874-013-9256-7. Search in Google Scholar

[32] ICP Vegetation, 2015. Heavy metals, nitrogen and pops in European mosses: 2015 survey. Available from: https://icpvegetation.ceh.ac.uk/sites/default/files/MossmonitoringMANUAL-2015-17.07.14.pdf. Search in Google Scholar

[33] Jiang Y, Fan M, Hu R, Zhao J, Wu Y. Mosses are better than leaves of vascular plants in monitoring atmospheric heavy metal pollution in urban areas. Inter J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15:1105. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15061105. Search in Google Scholar

[34] Shetekauri S, Chaligava O, Shetekauri T, Kvlividze A, Kalabegishvili T, Kirkesali E, et al. Biomonitoring air pollution using moss in Georgia. Polish J Environ Stud. 2018;27(5):2259-66. DOI: 10.15244/pjoes/73798. Search in Google Scholar

[35] Świsłowski P, Kosior G, Rajfur M. The influence of preparation methodology on the concentration of heavy metals in Pleurozium schreberi moss samples prior to use in active biomonitoring studies. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2021;28(8):10068-76. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-11484-7. Search in Google Scholar

[36] iCE 3000 Series AA Spectrometers Operators Manuals. Cambridge: Thermo Fisher Scientific, 2011. Available from: http://photos.labwrench.com/equipmentManuals/9291-6306.pdf. Search in Google Scholar

[37] Gerdol R, Marchesini R, Iacumin P, Brancaleoni L. Monitoring temporal trends of air pollution in an urban area using mosses and lichens as biomonitors. Chemosphere. 2014;108:388-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.02.035. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo