Artificial cells are synthetic constructs that mimic the architecture and functions of biological cells. Artificial cells are designed to replicate the fundamental principles of biological systems while also have the ability to exhibit novel features and functionalities that have not been achieved before. Mainly, Artificial cells are made up of a basic structure like a cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm and cellular organelles. Nanotechnology has been used to make substances that possess accurate performance in these structures. There are many roles that artificial cells can play such as drug delivery, bio-sensors, medical applications and energy storage. An additional prominent facet of this technology is interaction with biological systems. The possibility of synthetic cells being compatible with living organisms opens up the potential for interfering with specific biological activities. This element is one of the key areas of research in medicine, aimed at developing novel therapies and comprehending life processes. Nevertheless, artificial cell technology is not exempt from ethical and safety concerns. The interplay between these structures and biological systems may give rise to questions regarding their controllability and safety. Hence, the pursuit of artificial cell research seeks to reconcile ethical and safety concerns with the potential advantages of this technology.