1. bookVolume 11 (2021): Issue 1-2 (June 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

The Kantian ethical perspective seen from the existential philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard’s Victor Eremita

Published Online: 04 Jun 2021
Page range: 48 - 57
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This article compares two groundings of ethics: the ethical postulates of Immanuel Kant with the existential thinking of S. Kierkegaard. To achieve this goal, first, it proposes highlighting the fundamental ideas of Kantian ethics; then, secondly, highlighting Kierkegaard’s ethical stance; and finally, contrasting both approaches to identify differences and similarities. Conclusively, we can say that the pure Kantian ethical formality of duty for duty’s sake necessarily dispenses with existential and concrete content; it is an ethics that is grounded in itself, that refers to itself, to the rational nature of the human being and its universality. In contrast, Kierkegaardian ethics is a Christian ethics, it is the ethics of love for one’s neighbour and, above all, for God; it is a relational and existential ethics of the single individual.

Keywords

BINETTI, M. J. & PAVLIKOVA, M. (2019): Kierkegaard on the reconciliation of conscience. In: XLniguae, 12(3), pp. 192–200. Search in Google Scholar

FREMSTEDAL, R. (2012): Original sin and radical evil. In: Kantian Review, 17(2), pp. 197–225. Search in Google Scholar

GARCÍA MARTÍN, J. (2007): La espiritualidad como determinación filosófica en los Diarios de S. A. Kierkegaard [Spirituality as philosophical determination in the Kierkegaard’s journals]. In: Ars Brevis, 13, pp. 82–92. Search in Google Scholar

GARCÍA MARTÍN, J. (2009): Kierkegaard: la soledad y la angustia del individuo singular [Kierkegaard: the loneliness and anxiety of the singular individual]. In: La Mirada kierkegaardiana, revista de la Sociedad Hispánica de Amigos de Kierkegaard (S.H.A.K.), 1, pp. 48–59. Search in Google Scholar

GARCÍA MARTÍN, J. (2011): The ethical-existential demand of Kierkegaard’s single individual: A current reading. In: R. Králik, A. H. Khan, P. Šajda, J. Turnbull & A. J. Burgess (eds.): East and West, Acta Kierkegaardiana, vol. 5. Toronto: Kierkegaard Circle, Trinity College & Kierkegaard Society in Slovakia, pp. 203–214. Search in Google Scholar

GARCÍA MARTÍN, J. (2017): The category of the single individual in Kierkegaard. In: European Journal of Science and Theology, 13(3), pp. 99–108. Search in Google Scholar

GARCÍA MARTÍN, J. MORALES ROJAS, A. & KRÁLIK, R. (2020): The Problem of the ‘Individual’ concept in the Kierkegaard’s journals. In: European Journal of Science and Theology, 16(2), pp. 29–46. Search in Google Scholar

GIORDANO, D. & GARCÍA MARTIN, J. (eds.) (2011): Kierkegaard y la comunicación [Kierkegaad and communication]. Napoli: Orthotes Editrice. Search in Google Scholar

GÓMEZ CAFFARENA, J. (2004): Sobre el mal radical. Ensayo de la heterodoxia kantiana [On radical evil: An essay on Kantian heterodoxy]. In: Isegoría, 30, pp. 41–54. Search in Google Scholar

GUERRERO MARTÍNEZ, L (2004): La verdad subjetiva. Søren Kierkegaard como escritor [Subjective truth: Søren Kierkegaard as a writer]. México: Universidad Iberoamericana. Search in Google Scholar

GUERRERO MARTÍNEZ, L (2008): ¿Quién decide lo que está bien y lo que está mal? Ética y racionalidad [Who decides what is right and what is wrong? Ethics and rationality]. México: Universidad Iberoamericana, Plaza y Valdés. Search in Google Scholar

HOLMES HARTSHORNE, M. (1990): Kierkegaard, Godly deceiver: The nature and meaning of his pseudonymous writings. New York: Columbia University Press. Search in Google Scholar

KANT, I. (2016): The collected works of Immanuel Kant. Hastings: Delphi Classics. Search in Google Scholar

KIERKEGAARD, S. Søren Kierkegaards Papirer [SKP] (1968–1978), ed. Niels Thulstrup, Copenhagen: Gyldendal / Søren Kierkegaards Skrifter [SKS] (1997–2012), ed. Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Joakim Garff, Johnny Kondrup, Tonny Aagaard Olesen og Steen Tullberg / Søren Kierkegaard’s Journals and Papers [JP] (1967–1978), ed. and trans. H. V. Hong & E. H. Hong, assist. G. Malantschuk, Bloomington & London: Indiana University Press. Search in Google Scholar

KIERKEGAARD, S. (1980): The concept of anxiety, trans. R. Thomte in collaboration with A. B. Anderson. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Search in Google Scholar

KIERKEGAARD, S. (1980): The sickness unto death, trans. H. V. Hong & E. H. Hong. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Search in Google Scholar

KIERKEGAARD, S. (1983): Fear and trembling, trans. H. V. Hong & E. H. Hong. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Search in Google Scholar

KIERKEGAARD, S. (1988): Stages on life’s way, ed. & trans. with Introduction and Notes by H. V. Hong & E. H. Hong. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Search in Google Scholar

KIERKEGAARD, S. (1992): Either/Or (1 and 2), trans. H. V. Hong & E. H. Hong, Princeton: Princeton University Press (Samlede Værker [SV3], A.B. Drachmann, J.L. Heiberg & H.O. Lange (eds.), vol. 2 and 3, København: Gyldendal). Search in Google Scholar

KIERKEGAARD, S. (1995): Works of love, trans. H. V. Hong & E. H. Hong g. Princeton: Princeton University Press (SV3, 12: 25 / SKS 9, 27). Search in Google Scholar

KIERKEGAARD, S. (1996): Estudios Estéticos I [Aesthetic studies I], direct translation from Danish to Spanish, notes and preface by D. Gutiérrez Rivero. Málaga: Editorial Librería Ágora. Search in Google Scholar

KIERKEGAARD, S. (1998): The point of view, edited and translated with Introduction and Notes by H. V. Hong & E. H. Hong. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Search in Google Scholar

KRALIK, R., VALCO, M. & GARCIA MARTIN, J. (2014): Person and society. Toronto: Kierkegaard Circle, Trinity College, University of Toronto. Search in Google Scholar

LÉVINAS, E. (1996): Proper names, trans. by M. B. Smith. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

LLEVADOT, L. (2008): Fe y saber: leer a Kierkegaard después de Nietzsche [Faith and knowledge: Reading Kierkegaard after Nietzsche]. In: R. Králik et al.: Kierkegaard and Faith. Barcelona: Universidad de Barcelona, pp. 22–25. Search in Google Scholar

MAHRIK, T. (2018). The golden rule of morality – an ethical paradox. In: Ethics & Bioethics (in Central Europe), 8(1–2), pp. 5–13. Search in Google Scholar

PAVLIKOVA, M. & MAHRIK, T. (2020): Audenova tvorivá kolízia s Kierkegaardom [Auden’s creative collision with Kierkegaard]. In: XLinguae, 13(3), pp. 145–156. Search in Google Scholar

PAVLIKOVA, M. & ZALEC, B. (2019): Boj za človekov jaz in pristnost: Kierkegaardova kritika javnosti, uveljavljenega reda, medijev in lažnega krščanstva [Struggle for the human self and authenticity: Kierkegaard’s critique of the public, established order, media, and false Christianity]. In: Bogoslovni Vestnik, 79(4), pp. 1015–1026. Search in Google Scholar

ROCCA, E. (2020): Kierkegaard: Secreto y testimonio [Kierkegaard: Secrecy and testimony]. Madrid: Universidad Pontificia Comillas. Search in Google Scholar

SCHOPENHAUER, A. (2009): The two fundamental problems of ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

TORRALBA ROSELLÒ, F. (2008): El camino espiritual de Søren Kierkegaard [The spiritual path of Søren Kierkegaard]. Madrid: Editorial San Pablo. Search in Google Scholar

TORRALBA, J. M. (2011): La teoría kantiana de la acción. De la noción de máxima como autoimpuesta a la descripción de la acción [The Kantian theory of action: From the notion of Maxim as self-imposed to the description of action]. In: Tópicos, 41, pp. 17–61. Search in Google Scholar

ZALEC, B. & PAVLIKOVA, M. (2019): Religious tolerance and intolerance. In: European Journal of Science and Theology, 15(5), pp. 39–48. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo