1. bookVolume 8 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Creativity in Humans, Robots, Humbots

Published Online: 30 Aug 2021
Page range: 23 - 37
Received: 20 Jun 2021
Accepted: 09 Jul 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This paper examines three ways that robots can interface with creativity. In particular, social robots which are designed to interact with humans are examined. In the first mode, human creativity can be supported by social robots. In a second mode, social robots can be creative agents and humans serve to support robot’s productions. In the third and final mode, there is complementary action in creative work, which may be collaborative co-creation or a division of labor in creative projects. Illustrative examples are provided and key issues for further discussion are raised.

Keywords

Addesi, A.R., & Pachet, F. (2005). Experiences with a musical machine: Musical style replication in 3 to 5 year old children. British Journal of Music Education, 22(1), 21–46. Search in Google Scholar

Ali, S., Moroso, T., & Breazeal, C. (2019). Can children learn creativity from a social robot?. In Proceedings of the 2019 on Creativity and Cognition (pp. 359–368). New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery. Search in Google Scholar

Alves-Oliveira, P., Arriaga, P., Hoffman, G., & Paiva, A. (2016). Boosting children’s creativity through creative interactions with social robots. In 2016 11th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) (pp. 591–592). IEEE. Search in Google Scholar

Alves-Oliveira, P., Arriaga, P., Paiva, A., & Hoffman, G. (2019). Guide to build YOLO, a creativity-stimulating robot for children. HardwareX, 6, e00074. Search in Google Scholar

Alves-Oliveira, P., Chandak, A., Cloutier, I., Kompella, P., Moegenburg, P., & Bastos Pires, AE (2018). Yolo a robot that will make your creativity boom. Companion of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction (pp. 335–336). Search in Google Scholar

Alves-Oliveira, P., Gomes, S., Chandak, A., Arriaga, P., Hoffman, G., & Paiva, A. (2020). Software architecture for YOLO, a creativity-stimulating robot. SoftwareX, 11, 100461. Search in Google Scholar

Arias, E., Eden, H., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., & Scharff, E. (2000). Transcending the Individual Human Mind–Creating Shared Understanding Through Collaborative Design. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI), 7, 1 (2000), 84–113. Search in Google Scholar

Asada, M., Hosoda, K., Kuniyoshi, Y., Ishiguro, H., Inui, T., Yoshikawa, Y., Ogino, M. & Yoshida, C. (2009). Cognitive developmental robotics: A survey. IEEE Trans. on Autonomous Mental Development, 1(1), 12–34. Search in Google Scholar

Belpaeme, T., Kennedy, J., Ramachandran, A., Scassellati, B., & Tanaka, F. (2018). Social robots for education: A review. Science robotics, 3(21), eaat5954. Search in Google Scholar

Bretan, M., & Weinberg, G. (2016). A survey of robotic musicianship. Communications of the ACM, 59(5), 100–109. Search in Google Scholar

Bruner, J. (1996). The culture of education. Harvard University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Calinon, S., Guenter, F., & Billard, A. (2005). Goal-directed imitation in a humanoid robot. In Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (pp. 299–304). IEEE. Search in Google Scholar

Calinon, S., Li, Z., Alizadeh, T., Tsagarakis, N.G., & Caldwell, D.G. (2012). Teaching of bimanual skills in a compliant humanoid robot. In Intl Workshop on Human-Friendly Robotics (HFR). Search in Google Scholar

Cangelosi, A. & Schlesinger, M. (2018). From babies to robots: the contribution of developmental robotics to developmental psychology. Child Development Perspectives, 12(3):183–188. Search in Google Scholar

Chen, H., Park, H.W., & Breazeal, C. (2020). Teaching and learning with children: Impact of reciprocal peer learning with a social robot on children’s learning and emotional engagement. Computers & Education, 150, 103836. Search in Google Scholar

Chung, S. (2019). Drawing Operations, 2015. Search in Google Scholar

Cropley, A. (2006). In praise of convergent thinking. Creativity Research Journal, 18(3), 391–404. Search in Google Scholar

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1999). Implications of a systems perspective for the study of creativity. In R. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 313–335). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Dautenhahn, K., & Billard, A. (1999). Bringing up robots or – the psychology of socially intelligent robots: from theory to implementation. In Proceedings of Autonomous Agents (pp. 366–367). New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery. Search in Google Scholar

Dautenhahn, K., Ogden, B., & Quick, T. (2002). From embodied to socially embedded agents – implications for interaction-aware robots. Cognitive Systems Research, 3, 397–428. Search in Google Scholar

Dautenhahn K. (2007). Socially intelligent robots: dimensions of human-robot interaction. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 362(1480), 679–704. Search in Google Scholar

Davis, N.M., Popova, Y., Sysoev, I., Hsiao, C.P., Zhang, D., & Magerko, B. (2014). Building Artistic Computer Colleagues with an Enactive Model of Creativity. In ICCC (pp. 38–45). Search in Google Scholar

De Graaf, M.M.A., Allouch, S.B., & Klamer, T. (2015). Sharing a life with Harvey: Exploring the acceptance of and relationship-building with a social robot. Computers in Human Behavior, 43, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.10.030 Search in Google Scholar

Duffy, B.R. (2003). Anthropomorphism and the social robot. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 42(3–4), 177–190. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0921-8890(02)00374-3 Search in Google Scholar

Engeström, Y. (2001). Expansive learning at work: Toward an activity theoretical reconceptualization. Journal of Education and Work, 14, 133–156. Search in Google Scholar

Engeström, Y., & Miettinen, R. (1999). Activity theory: A well-kept secret. In Y. Engeström, R. Miettinen, & R.L. Punamaki (Eds.), Perspectives on activity theory (pp. 1–38). New York: Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Fitzgerald, T., Goel, A.K., & Thomaz, A. (2017). Human-Robot Co-Creativity: Task Transfer on a Spectrum of Similarity. In ICCC (pp. 104–111). Search in Google Scholar

Fong, T., Nourbakhsh, I., & Dautenhahn K. (2002). A survey of socially interactive robots: concepts,design, and applications. Technical Report No. CMU-RI-TR-02-29. Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University. Search in Google Scholar

Gazeau, J.P., & Zeghloul, S. (2012). The artist robot: A robot drawing like a human artist. In 2012 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (pp. 486–491). IEEE. Search in Google Scholar

Gibson, J.J. (1986). The ecological approach to visual perception. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Search in Google Scholar

Glăvenau, V.P. (2012). What can be done with an egg? Creativity, material objects and the theory of affordances. Journal of Creative Behavior, 46, 192–208. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.13 Search in Google Scholar

Glăvenau, V.P. (2013). Rewriting the language of creativity: the five A’s framework. Review of General Psychology, 17, 69–81. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029528 Search in Google Scholar

Glăveanu, V.P., Hanchett Hanson, M., Baer, J., Barbot, B., Clapp, E.P., Corazza, G.E., ... & Sternberg, R.J. (2020). Advancing creativity theory and research: A socio-cultural manifesto. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 54(3), 741–745. Search in Google Scholar

Gordon, G., Breazeal, C., & Engel, S. (2015). Can children catch curiosity from a social robot?. In Proceedings of the Tenth Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (pp. 91–98). Search in Google Scholar

Gubenko, A., Kirsch, C., Smilek, J.N., Lubart, T., & Houssemand, C. (2021). Educational Robotics and Robot Creativity: An Interdisciplinary Dialogue. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 8(178). Search in Google Scholar

Guerin, F., Ferreira, P. (2019). Robot Manipulation in Open Environments: New Perspectives. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental System, 12(3), (pp. 669–675). Search in Google Scholar

Hoffmann, O. (2016). On Modeling Human-Computer Co-Creativity. In S. Kunifuji, G.A. Papadopoulos, A.M.J. Skulimowski, & J. Kacprzyk, (Eds.), Knowledge, Information and Creativity Support Systems (pp. 37–48). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. Search in Google Scholar

Hoffman, G., & Weinberg, G. (2011). Interactive improvisation with a robotic marimba player. Autonomous Robots, 31(2–3), 133–153. Search in Google Scholar

Höflich, J.R., & El Bayed, A. (2015). Perception, Acceptance, and the Social Construction of Robots—Exploratory Studies. Social Robots from a Human Perspective, 39–51. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15672-9_4 Search in Google Scholar

Hutchins, E. (1995). Cognition in the wild. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Search in Google Scholar

Jones, R.A. (2017). What makes a robot ‘social’? Social Studies of Science, 47(4), 556–579. Search in Google Scholar

Kahn Jr, P.H., Kanda, T., Ishiguro, H., Freier, N.G., Severson, R.L., Gill, B.T., ... & Shen, S. (2012). “Robovie, you’ll have to go into the closet now”: Children’s social and moral relationships with a humanoid robot. Developmental psychology, 48(2), 303. Search in Google Scholar

Kahn, P.H., Kanda, T., Ishiguro, H., Gill, B.T., Shen, S., Ruckert, J.H., & Gary, H.E. (2016). Human creativity can be facilitated through interacting with a social robot. In 2016 11th ACM / IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction (HRI) (pp. 173–180). IEEE. Search in Google Scholar

Kantosalo, A., Falk, M., & Jordanous, A. (2021). Embodiment in 18th Century Depictions of Human-Machine Co-Creativity. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 8(190). Search in Google Scholar

Kato, I., Ohteru, S., Shirai, K., Matsushima, T., Narita, S., Sugano, S., ... & Fujisawa, E. (1987). The robot musician ‘wabot-2’ (waseda robot-2). Robotics, 3(2), (pp. 143-155). Search in Google Scholar

Leont’ev, A.N. (1978). Activity, Consciousness, and Personality. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Search in Google Scholar

Leite, I., Martinho, C., & Paiva, A. (2013). Social Robots for Long-Term Interaction: A Survey. International Journal of Social Robotics, 5(2), 291–308. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12369-013-0178-y Search in Google Scholar

Lindblom, J., & Ziemke, T. (2003), Social situatedness of natural and artificial intelligence: Vygotsky and beyond. Adaptive Behavior, 11, 79–96. Search in Google Scholar

Luo, RC, & Liu, YJ (2018). Robot Artist Performs Cartoon Style Facial Portrait Painting. In 2018 IEEE / RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) (pp. 7683–7688). IEEE. Search in Google Scholar

Lungarella, M., Metta, G., Pfeifer, R., & Sandini, G. (2004). Developmental robotics: a survey. Connection science, 15(4), 151–190. Search in Google Scholar

MacDorman, K.F. (2019). La Vallée de l’Étrange de Mori Masahiro. e-Phaïstos, (VII-2). https://doi.org/10.4000/ephaistos.5333 Search in Google Scholar

Magnenat-Thalmann, N., Yuan, J., Thalmann, D., & You, B.-J. (Eds.). (2016). Context Aware Human-Robot and Human-Agent Interaction. Human–Computer Interaction Series. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19947-4 Search in Google Scholar

Min, H., Yi, C., Luo, R., Zhu, J. & Bi, S. (2016). Affordance research in developmental robotics: A survey. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, 8(4), 237–255. Search in Google Scholar

Mitchell, M. (2021). Why AI is Harder Than We Think. In: arXiv: 2104.12871 Search in Google Scholar

Mori, M., MacDorman, K., & Kageki, N. (2012). The Uncanny Valley [From the Field]. IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine, 19(2), 98–100. https://doi.org/10.1109/mra.2012.2192811 Search in Google Scholar

OECD. (2019). OECD future of education and skills 2030–Conceptual learning framework–Concept note: Student agency for 2030. Paris: Editions OECD. Search in Google Scholar

OECD (2021). OECD Digital Education Outlook 2021 : Pushing the Frontiers with Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain and Robots. Paris: Editions OECD. https://doi.org/10.1787/589b283f-en Search in Google Scholar

Oliveira, P.A. (2020). Boosting children’s creativity through creative interactions with social robots. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348293686_Boosting_Children’s_Creativity_through_Creative_Interactions_with_Social_Robots Search in Google Scholar

Otero, N., Saunders, J., Dautenhahn, K., & Nehaniv, C.L. (2008). Teaching robot companions: the role of scaffolding and event structuring. Connection Science, 20(2–3), 111–134. Search in Google Scholar

Pachet, F. (2003). The continuator: Musical interaction with style. Journal of New Music Research, 32(3), 333–341. Search in Google Scholar

Pakrasi, I., Chakraborty, N., Cuan, C., Berl, E., Rizvi, W., & LaViers, A. (2018). Dancing droids: an expressive layer for mobile robots developed within choreographic practice. In International Conference on Social Robotics (pp. 410-420). Springer, Cham. Search in Google Scholar

Pan, Y., Kim, MG, & Suzuki, K. (2010). A Robot Musician Interacting with a Human Partner through Initiative Exchange. In NIME (pp. 166-169). Search in Google Scholar

Park, H.W., Rosenberg-Kima, R., Rosenberg, M., Gordon, G., & Breazeal, C. (2017). Growing growth mindset with a social robot peer. In Proceedings of the 2017 ACM/IEEE international conference on human-robot interaction (pp. 137-145). Search in Google Scholar

Park, H.W., Grover, I., Spaulding, S., Gomez, L., & Breazeal, C. (2019). A model-free affective reinforcement learning approach to personalization of an autonomous social robot companion for early literacy education. In Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (Vol. 33, No. 01, pp. 687–694). Search in Google Scholar

Peng, H., Zhou, C., Hu, H., Chao, F., & Li, J. (2015). Robotic dance in social robotics — a taxonomy. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, 45(3), 281–293. Search in Google Scholar

Resnick, L.B., Levine, J.M., & Teasley, S.D. (Eds.). (1991). Perspectives on socially shared cognition. American Psychological Association. Search in Google Scholar

Runco, M.A., & Jaeger, G.J. (2012). The standard definition of creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 24(1), 92–96. Search in Google Scholar

Russell, S.J., & Norvig, P. (2010). Artificial Intelligence-A Modern Approach (3. internat. ed.). Pearson Education. Search in Google Scholar

Saerbeck, M., Schut, T., Bartneck, C., & Janse, M.D. (2010, April). Expressive robots in education: varying the degree of social supportive behavior of a robotic tutor. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on human factors in computing systems, CHI 10 (pp. 1613–1622). Search in Google Scholar

Sandry, E. (2017). Creative collaborations with machines. Philosophy & Technology, 30(3), 305–319. Search in Google Scholar

Smith, G. F. (1998). Idea-generation techniques: A formulary of active ingredients. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 32(2), 107–134. Search in Google Scholar

Smith L.B., & Gasser M. (2005). The development of embodied cognition: six lessons from babies. Artificial Life, 11, 13–30. Search in Google Scholar

Suzuki, K., & Hashimoto, S. (2004). Robotic interface for embodied interaction via dance and musical performance. Proceedings of the IEEE, 92(4), 656–671. Search in Google Scholar

Thrun, S., Hähnel, D., Ferguson, D., Montemerlo, M., Triebel, R., Burgard, W., Baker, C., Omohundro, Z., Thayer, S., & Whittaker, W. (2003). A system for volumetric robotic mapping of abandoned mines. In 2003 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. 3I(10) (pp. 4270–4275). Search in Google Scholar

Thrun, S. (2004). Toward a framework for human-robot interaction. Human–Computer Interaction, 19(1–2), 9–24. Search in Google Scholar

Toubia, O., Berger, J., & Eliashberg, J. (2021). How quantifying the shape of stories predicts their success. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(26). Search in Google Scholar

Tresset, P., & Leymarie, FF (2013). Portrait drawing by Paul the robot. Computers & Graphics, 37(5), 348–363. Search in Google Scholar

U.N. and I.F.R.R. (2002). United Nations and The International Federation of Robotics. World Robotics 2002. New York–Geneva: United Nations. Search in Google Scholar

Ventura, D. (2016, June). Mere generation: Essential barometer or dated concept. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Computational Creativity (pp. 17-24). Paris: Sony CSL. Search in Google Scholar

Weinberg, G., Driscoll, S., & Parry, M. (2005, August). Musical interactions with a perceptual robotic percussionist. In ROMAN 2005. IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, 2005 (pp. 456-461). IEEE. Search in Google Scholar

Zagoruyko, S., & Komodakis, N. (2015). Learning to compare image patches via convolutional neural networks. In Proceedings of the IEEE conference on computer vision and pattern recognition (pp. 4353-4361). Search in Google Scholar

Zlatev, J. (2001). The epigenesis of meaning in human beings, and possibly in robots. Minds and Machines, 11, 155–195. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo