1. bookVolume 17 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)
Journal Details
License
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Journal
First Published
30 May 2014
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2 times per year
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English
access type Open Access

Characteristics of Hollow Compressed Earth Block Stabilized Using Cement, Lime, and Sodium Silicate

Published Online: 22 Jun 2021
Page range: 200 - 208
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
30 May 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This research aims to produce a Compressed Earth Block (CEB) product using locally available soil collected from northern Jordan. The CEB mixture was further stabilized using Portland cement, lime, and sodium silicate. The research significance is based upon the urgent need of most developing countries (e.g. Jordan, Egypt…etc) to build more durable and low-cost houses by using locally available materials. As a result, CEB was identified as a cheap and environmentally friendly construction material. CEB specimens were thoroughly characterized by studying the mechanical properties and durability characteristics. Blocks of 30 x 15 x 8 cm with two holes of 7.5 cm in diameter have a potential for higher enduring, higher compressive strength, better thermal insulation, and lower production cost. Blocks were manufactured with an addition of 8 % for either Portland cement or lime, as well as 2 % of sodium silicate to the soil. The results showed that the addition of 8 % of cement to the CEB achieves satisfactory results in both mechanical and durability properties. Also, the addition of sodium silicate was found to enhance the early-age compressive strength however it affected negatively the durable properties of blocks by increasing the erosion rate and deterioration when exposed to water.

Keywords

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