1. bookVolume 11 (2021): Issue 2 (September 2021)
Journal Details
First Published
18 Jun 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
access type Open Access

Data Protection in Law Enforcement and Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters

Published Online: 15 Nov 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 11 (2021) - Issue 2 (September 2021)
Page range: 148 - 166
Journal Details
First Published
18 Jun 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year

The redesign of data protection in the police and judicial area is intended to create uniformity at the European level for the citizens of EU Member States. This scientific article analyses the subject of data protection in law enforcement and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. The focus is primarily on the existing provisions and the latest developments of the EU with regard to Directive (EU) 2016/680 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by competent authorities for the purposes of the prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties, and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA. The international level with regard to data protection in the police and judicial area and possible changes due to the developments in data protection under European law are also examined in more detail.


Andraško, J.; Horvat, M. & Mesarčík, M. (2019), Vybrané kapitoly práva informačných technológií I [Selected chapters of information technology law I], Bratislava: Comenius University. Search in Google Scholar

Aycaguer v. France [2017], ECtHR, 8806/12, 22.7.2017. Search in Google Scholar

Bakkar, Y. & Ögcem, A. R. (2019), ‘Democracy and economic development: Disentangling the effect of elections and rule of law,’ Baltic Journal of European Studies, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 173–205. https://doi.org/10.1515/bjes-2019-004210.1515/bjes-2019-0042 Search in Google Scholar

Carpenter, C. (2020), ‘Privacy and proportionality: Examining mass electronic surveillance under Article 8 and the Fourth Amendment,’ International and Comparative Law Review, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 27–57. https://doi.org/10.2478/iclr-2020-000210.2478/iclr-2020-0002 Search in Google Scholar

Coutis, S. (2011), ‘The Lisbon Treaty and the area of freedom, security and justice as an area of legal integration,’ Croatian Yearbook of European Law and Policy, vol. 7, pp. 87–107. https://doi.org/10.3935/cyelp.07.2011.12110.3935/cyelp.07.2011.121 Search in Google Scholar

Daňko, M. & Žárská, P. (2019), Data Protection vs. Intellectual Property: Computer Law, AI, Data Protection and the Latest Technological Trends, Brno: MSD. Search in Google Scholar

Digital Rights Ireland Ltd v. Minister for Communications, Marine and Natural Resources and Others and Kärntner Landesregierung and Others [2014], ECJ, Joined Cases C-293/12 and C-594/12, ECLI:EU:C:2014:238, 8.4.2014. Search in Google Scholar

Erdősová, A. (2010), ‘Právny zrod Charty základných práv EÚ—Pred a Po’ [The legal birth of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights—before and after], Bulletin slovenskej advokácie, nos. 9–10. Search in Google Scholar

European Union (2007), Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights, OJ C 303/17, 14.12.2007. Search in Google Scholar

Fenyk, J. & Svák, J. (2008), Europeizace trestního práva [Europeanization of criminal law], Bratislava: Paneurópska vysoká škola (PEVŠ). Search in Google Scholar

Funta, R. (2011), ‘EU-USA privacy protection: Legislation and the Swift bank data transfer regulation: a short look,’ Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 23–33. Search in Google Scholar

Gaskin v. The United Kingdom [1989], ECtHR, 10454/83, 7.7.1989. Search in Google Scholar

General Secretariat of the Council (2021), The Impact of COVID-19 on Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters: Executive Summary of Information Compiled by Eurojust and EJN, 6178/1/21 REV 1. Search in Google Scholar

Gregušová, D.; Dulak, A.; Chlipala, M. & Susko, B. (2005), Právo informačných a komunikačných technológií [Information and communication technology law], Bratislava: VO STU. Search in Google Scholar

de Hert, P. & Papakonstantinou, V. (2016), ‘The new police and criminal justice data protection directive: A first analysis,’ New Journal of European Criminal Law, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 7–19. https://doi.org/10.1177/20322844160070010210.1177/203228441600700102 Search in Google Scholar

de Hert, P. & Sajfert, J. (2017), ‘The role of the data protection authorities in supervising police and criminal justice authorities processing personal data,’ in C. Brière & A. Weyembergh (eds.) The Needed Balances in EU Criminal Law: Past, Present and Future, Oxford: Hart Publishing, pp. 243–255. Search in Google Scholar

Iliopoulos-Strangas, J.; Diggelmann, O. & Bauer, H. (2010), Rechtsstaat, Freiheit und Sicherheit in Europa. Rule of Law, Freedom and Security in Europe. État de droit, liberté et sécurité en Europe, Societas Iuris Publici Europaei, Bd. 6, Baden-Baden: Nomos. Search in Google Scholar

Ivor, J.; Klimek, L. & Záhora, J. (2013), Trestné právo Európskej únie a jeho vplyv na právny poriadok Slovenskej republiky [Criminal law of the European Union and its influence on the legal order of the Slovak Republic], Žilina: Eurokódex. Search in Google Scholar

Jakab, A.; Könczöl, M.; Menyhárd, A. & Sulyok, G. (2021), Internet Jurisprudence: Encyclopedia, Budapest: HVG-ORAC. Search in Google Scholar

Jankuv, J.; Lantajová, D.: Šmid, M. & Blaškovič, K. (2015), Medzinárodné právo verejné [Public international law], Plzeň: Aleš Čeněk. Search in Google Scholar

Karácsony, G. (2019), ‘Managing personal data in a digital environment—did GDPR’s concept of informed consent really give us control?’ in Počítačové právo, UI, ochrana údajov a najväčšie technologické trendy. Zborník príspervkov z medzinárodnej vedeckej konferencie. Vysoká skola Danubius [Computer law, AI, data protection and the latest technological trends: Proceedings of the international scientific conference, Danubius University], June 06 2019, Sládkovičovo, Slovak Republic, Brno: MSD, pp. 1–9. Search in Google Scholar

Kesa, A. & Kerikmäe, T. (2020), ‘Artificial intelligence and the GDPR: Inevitable nemeses?’ TalTech Journal of European Studies, vol. 10, no. 3 (32), pp. 68–90. https://doi.org/10.1515/bjes-2020-002210.1515/bjes-2020-0022 Search in Google Scholar

Klátik, J. (2020), Trestné právo hmotné [Substantive criminal law], Plzeň: Aleš Čeněk. Search in Google Scholar

Klimek, L. (2012), ‘Free movement of evidence in criminal matters in the EU,’ The Lawyer Quarterly, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 250–290. Search in Google Scholar

Kopp v. Switzerland [1998], ECtHR, 23224/94, 25.3.1998. Search in Google Scholar

Kováčik, B. (2010), ‘Chosen aspects of EU institutional reform within the context of the Lisbon Treaty,’ in G. Rouet & P. Terem (eds.) L′Ukraine, entre integration et partenariat / Ukraine, Between Integration and Partnership, Brussels: Bruylant. Search in Google Scholar

Králik, J. & Králiková, K. (2007), Základná inštitucionálna báza ochrany ľudských práv [Basic institutional basis for the protection of human rights], Brno: Masaryk University. Search in Google Scholar

Lacuška, M. & Peráček, T. (2021), ‘Trends in global telecommunication fraud and its impact on business,’ in N. Kryvinska & M. Greguš (eds.) Developments in Information & Knowledge Management for Business Applications: Studies in Systems, Decision and Control, vol. 330, Cham: Springer, pp. 459–485. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-62151-3_1210.1007/978-3-030-62151-3_12 Search in Google Scholar

La Quadrature du Net (C-511/18 and C-512/18), French Data Network (C-511/18 and C-512/18), Fédération des fournisseurs d’accès à Internet associatifs (C-511/18 and C-512/18), Igwan.net (C-511/18) v Premier ministre (C-511/18 and C-512/18), Garde des Sceaux, ministre de la Justice (C-511/18 and C-512/18), Ministre de l’Intérieur (C-511/18), Ministre des Armées (C-511/18), Ordre des barreaux francophones et germanophone, Académie Fiscale ASBL, UA, Liga voor Mensenrechten ASBL, Ligue des Droits de l’Homme ASBL, VZ, WY, XX v. Conseil des ministers [2020], ECJ, Joined cases C-511/18, C-512/18 and C-520/18, OJ C-433/3, ECLI:EU:C:2020:791, 14.12.2020. Search in Google Scholar

Leander v. Sweden [1987], ECtHR, 9248/81, 26.3.1987.10.1086/ges.26.2.767085 Search in Google Scholar

Marquenie, T. (2017), ‘The Police and Criminal Justice Authorities Directive: Data protection standards and impact on the legal framework,’ Computer Law & Security Review, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 324–340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2017.03.00910.1016/j.clsr.2017.03.009 Search in Google Scholar

Maximilian Schrems v. Data Protection Commissioner [2015], ECJ, C-362/14, ECLI:EU:C:2015:650, 30.11.2015. Search in Google Scholar

Mazák, J. & Jánošíková, M. (2009), Základy práva Európskej únie [Fundamentals of European Union law], Bratislava: Wolters Kluwer. Search in Google Scholar

M. K. v. France [2013], ECtHR, 19522/09 final, 18.7.2013. Search in Google Scholar

Müller-Graff, P. C. (2009), ‘Der Raum der Freiheit, der Sicherheit und des Rechts’ [The area of freedom, security and justice] (mit Friedemann Kainer), in W. Weidenfeld & W. Wessels (eds.) Taschenbuch der europäischen Integration, 11. Aufl., Berlin.10.5771/9783845213514-104 Search in Google Scholar

Neszméry, Š. (2019), ‘Zverejňovanie fotografií osôb podozrivých zo spáchania trestného činu v médiách’ [Publication of photographs of persons suspected of committing a crime in the media], in Počítačové právo, UI, ochrana údajov a najväčšie technologické trendy. Zborník príspervkov z medzinárodnej vedeckej konferencie. Vysoká skola Danubius [Computer law, AI, data protection and the latest technological trends: Proceedings of the international scientific conference, Danubius University], June 06 2019, Sládkovičovo, Slovak Republic, Brno: MSD. Search in Google Scholar

Panevski, D.; Peráček, T. & Rentková, K. (2021), ‘Analysis of the practices of financial intelligence units (FIUs) and other anti-money laundering agencies within EU,’ in N. Kryvinska & A. Poniszewska-Marańda (eds.) Developments in Information & Knowledge Management for Business Applications: Studies in Systems, Decision and Control, vol. 376, Cham: Springer, vol. 376, pp. 241–269. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-76632-0_810.1007/978-3-030-76632-0_8 Search in Google Scholar

Peck v. The United Kingdom [2003], ECtHR, 44647/98, 28.1.2003. Search in Google Scholar

Peráček, T.; Mucha, B. & Brestovanská, P. (2019), ‘Selected legislative aspects of cybernetic security in the Slovak Republic,’ in Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies, vol. 23, pp. 273–282. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-98557-2_2510.1007/978-3-319-98557-2_25 Search in Google Scholar

Pirošíková, M. & Siman, M. (2012), Ľudské práva: Vybrané rozhodnutia Európskeho súdu pre Íudské práva a Súdneho dvora Európskej únie [Human rights: Selected judgments of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union], Bratislava: Euroiuris. Search in Google Scholar

Plavčan, P. & Funta, R. (2020), ‘Some economic characteristics of internet platforms,’ Danube, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 156–167. https://doi.org/10.2478/danb-2020-000910.2478/danb-2020-0009 Search in Google Scholar

Privacy International v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and Others [2020], ECJ, C-623/17, OJ C-22/29, ECLI:EU:C:2020:790, 6.10.2020, pp. 29–30. Search in Google Scholar

Productores de Música de España (Promusicae) v. Telefónica de España SAU [2008], ECJ, C-275/06, ECLI:EU:C:2008:54, 29.1.2008. Search in Google Scholar

Roman Zakharov v. Russia [2015], ECtHR, 47143/06, 4.12.2015. Search in Google Scholar

Rotaru v. Romania [2000], ECtHR, 28341/95, 4.5.2000. Search in Google Scholar

Rotenberg, M.; Horwitz, J. & Scott, J., eds. (2015), Privacy in the Modern Age: The Search for Solutions, New York & London: The New Press. Search in Google Scholar

S. and Marper v. The United Kingdom [2008], ECtHR, Joined cases 30562/04 and 30566/04, 4.12.2008. Search in Google Scholar

Šmejkal, V. (2020), ‘Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on European Antitrust. Mere adaptations or real changes?’ Charles University in Prague Faculty of Law Research Paper, no. 2020/II/1. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.362482410.2139/ssrn.3624824 Search in Google Scholar

Šmejkal, V. & Svobodová, M. (2018), ‘ECJ’s new role—guardian of open but not socially inclusive Europe?’ Eastern European Journal of Transnational Relations, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 11–32, https://doi.org/10.15290/eejtr.2018.02.02.0110.15290/eejtr.2018.02.02.01 Search in Google Scholar

Šramel, B. & Horváth, P. (2021), ‘Internet as the communication medium of the 21st century: Do we need a special legal regulation of freedom of expression on the internet?’ The Lawyer Quarterly, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 141–157. Search in Google Scholar

Stehlík, V. (2009), ‘EU human rights protection under the Treaty of Lisbon,’ in Human Rights. The Modern State System’s Formation: Theoretical and Practical Aspects, Kyiv: Ukrainian Academy of Banking of the National Bank of Ukraine, pp. 123–127. Search in Google Scholar

Stehlík, V.; Hamuľák, O. & Petr, M. (2017), Právo Evropské unie: ústavní základy a vnitřní trh [European Union law: Constitutional foundations and the internal market], Praha: Leges. Search in Google Scholar

Svoboda, P. (2009), ‘Znovu k hospodářské podpoře terorismu v judikatuře EU’ [Revisiting the economic support of terrorism in EU case-law], Trestněprávní revue, no. 1. Search in Google Scholar

Szabó and Vissy v. Hungary [2016], ECtHR, 37138/14, 12.1.2016. Search in Google Scholar

Tele2 Sverige AB v. Post- och telestyrelsen and Secretary of State for the Home Department v. Tom Watson, Peter Brice, Geoffrey Lewis [2016], ECJ, Joined Cases C-203/15 and C-698/15, ECLI:EU:C:2016:970, 21.12.2016. Search in Google Scholar

Tzanou, M. (2013), ‘Data protection as a fundamental right next to privacy? “Reconstructing” a not so new right,’ International Data Privacy Law, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 88–99. https://doi.org/10.1093/idpl/ipt00410.1093/idpl/ipt004 Search in Google Scholar

Vermeulen, G.; de Bondt, W. & Ryckman, C., eds. (2012), Rethinking International Cooperation in Criminal Matters in the EU. Moving Beyond Actors, Bringing Logic Back, Footed in Reality, IRCP Research Series vol. 42, Antwerpen: Maklu. Search in Google Scholar

Yara, O.; Brazheyev, A.; Golovko, L. & Bashkatova, V. (2021), ‘Legal regulation of the use of artificial intelligence: Problems and development prospects,’ European Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 281–289. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2021.v10n1p28110.14207/ejsd.2021.v10n1p281 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo