1. bookVolume 24 (2021): Issue 2 (December 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2344-4592
First Published
20 Dec 2020
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Herbal Plants as Feed Additives in Broiler Chicken Diets

Published Online: 30 Dec 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 24 (2021) - Issue 2 (December 2021)
Page range: 76 - 95
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2344-4592
First Published
20 Dec 2020
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of some herbal plants as natural feed additives on broiler production parameters, carcass parts, and breast meat quality. A total of 150 broiler chicks, Cobb 500 hybrid, were allocated to five treatments with 30 broilers /group, for 42 days. The experimental treatments were: Control (C); a diet containing 5% alfalfa meal (A); a diet containing 5% alfalfa meal and 1% basil (AB); a diet containing 5% alfalfa and 1% thyme (AT) and a diet containing 5% alfalfa and 1% sage (AS). Bodyweight was significantly (P<0.05) affected in AS group compared with C and A groups. Feed conversion ratio was significantly higher only in A and AB groups. Experimental groups had significantly greater (P<0.05) gizzard weight. The total polyphenols content and the antioxidant capacity were significantly (P<0.05) higher in AB, AT, and AS groups versus the C group. The cholesterol concentration was significantly (P<0.05) decreased in AB, AT, and AS meat samples compared with C and A samples. Instrumental colour measurements indicated significant alterations (P<0.05) among the groups regarding the values of L*, a*, b*, H°, C*, and ΔE*. The texture analysis showed that hardness, gumminess, and chewiness were significantly (P<0.05) higher in AB, AT, and AS groups than in C and A groups.

Keywords

Abdulkarimi, R. et al. (2011). Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) extract consumption darkens the liver, lowers blood cholesterol, proportional liver and abdominal fat weights in broiler chickens. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 10(2), e20.10.4081/ijas.2011.e20Search in Google Scholar

Abou-Elkhair, R. et al. (2014). Effects of black pepper (Piper nigrum), turmeric powder (Curcuma longa), and coriander seeds (Coriandrum sativum) and their combinations as feed additives on growth performance, carcass traits, some blood parameters, and humoral immune response of broiler chickens. Asian-Australasian J. of Anim. Sciences, 27(6), 847.10.5713/ajas.2013.13644409316725050023Search in Google Scholar

Ahangaran, M. G. et al. (2019). The effect of thyme (Thymus daenensis) supplement on growth and hygienic parameters of broilers meat. Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 33(1), 87-92.10.33899/ijvs.2019.125526.1048Search in Google Scholar

Al-Shuwaili, M. A. et al. (2015). Effect of dietary herbal plants supplement in turkey diet on performance and some blood biochemical parameters. Glob. J. Biosci. Biotechnol, 4(2), 153-157.Search in Google Scholar

Amouzmehr, A. et al. (2012). Effects of garlic and thyme extracts on growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chicks. Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 54(3), 185-190.10.5187/JAST.2012.54.3.185Search in Google Scholar

Ashour, E. A, et al. (2020). Does the dietary graded levels of herbal mixture powder impact growth, carcass traits, blood indices and meat quality of the broilers?. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 19(1), 1228-1237.10.1080/1828051X.2020.1825998Search in Google Scholar

Baghban Kanani, P. et al. (2017). Effect of dietary turmeric and cinnamon powders on meat quality and lipid peroxidation of broiler chicken under heat stress condition. Veterinary research forum: an international quarterly journal, 8(2), 163–169.Search in Google Scholar

Bianchi, M. et al. (2006). The influence of genotype, market live weight, transportation, and holding conditions prior to slaughter on broiler breast meat colour. Poultry Science, 85(1), 123-128.10.1093/ps/85.1.12316493955Search in Google Scholar

Chen, Y. J. et al. (2008). Evaluation of dietary L-carnitine or garlic powder on growth performance, dry matter and nitrogen digestibilities, blood profiles, and meat quality in finishing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 141(1-2), 141-152.10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2007.05.025Search in Google Scholar

Devatkal, S. K. et al. (2019). Quality, composition, and consumer evaluation of meat from slow-growing broilers relative to commercial broilers. Poultry Science, 98(11), 6177-6186.10.3382/ps/pez34431222363Search in Google Scholar

Farhadi, M. et al. (2020). Influence of using sage powder (Salvia officinalis) on performance, blood cells, immunity titers, biochemical parameters, and small intestine morphology in broiler chickens. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 10(3), 509-516.Search in Google Scholar

Franz, C. et al. (2010). Essential oils and aromatic plants in animal feeding–a European perspective. A review. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 25(5), 327-340.10.1002/ffj.1967Search in Google Scholar

Gulizia, J. P. and Downs, K. M. (2020). Comparison of dietary Kudzu leaf meal (Pueraria Montana var. lobata) and Alfalfa meal supplementation effect on broiler (Gallus gallus domesticus) performance, carcass characteristics, and organ parameters. Animals, 10(1), 147.Search in Google Scholar

Ibrahim, I. A. et al. (2018). Effect of dietary sage plant leaves to powder and ascorbic acid supplementation on the performance of broiler chickens under Iraq conditions. Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor, 56(4th ICBAA), 37-46.Search in Google Scholar

Jahejo, A. R. et al. (2019). Immunomodulatory and growth-promoting effects of basil (Ocimum basilicum) and ascorbic acid in heat-stressed broiler chickens. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 51(3), 801.10.17582/journal.pjz/2019.51.3.801.807Search in Google Scholar

Jarvis, T. et al. (2020). Quality differences in wooden and normal broiler breast meat marinated with traditional and clean label marinades. Meat and Muscle Biology, 4(1).10.22175/mmb.9458Search in Google Scholar

Jayasena, D. D. et al. (2013). Comparison of quality traits of meat from Korean native chickens and broilers used in two different traditional Korean cuisines. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 26(7), 1038.10.5713/ajas.2012.12684409350325049883Search in Google Scholar

Jiang, J. F. et al. (2012). Effects of alfalfa meal on carcass quality and fat metabolism of Muscovy ducks. British Poultry Science, 53(5), 681-688.10.1080/00071668.2012.73149323281764Search in Google Scholar

Lau, D. W., and King, A. J. (2003). Pre-and post-mortem use of grape seed extracts in dark poultry meat to inhibit the development of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 51(6), 1602-1607.10.1021/jf020740m12617591Search in Google Scholar

Lee, M. A. et al. (2010). The antioxidative properties of mustard leaf (Brassica juncea) kimchi extracts on refrigerated raw ground pork meat against lipid oxidation. Meat Science, 84(3), 498-504.10.1016/j.meatsci.2009.10.00420374816Search in Google Scholar

Loetscher, Y. et al. (2013). Oxidative stability of the meat of broilers supplemented with rosemary leaves, rosehip fruits, chokeberry pomace, and entire nettle, and effects on performance and meat quality. Poultry Science, 92(11), 2938-2948.10.3382/ps.2013-0325824135598Search in Google Scholar

Mohammed, H. N. (2013). Study of some chemical, physical, sensory and bacteriology characteristics of canned chicken meat imported to Sulaymaniyah markets, Iraq. International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 5(7), 128-133.Search in Google Scholar

Mutlu, M. and Yıldız, A. (2020). Effect of alfalfa meal and enzyme use on performance, carcass, and intestinal parameters in growing quail rations. Turkish Journal of Agriculture-Food Science and Technology, 8(6), 1353-1358.10.24925/turjaf.v8i6.1353-1358.3372Search in Google Scholar

Official Methods of Analysis (1990) (15th rev. ed.), Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.Search in Google Scholar

Ouyang, K. et al. (2016). Effects of alfalfa flavonoids on broiler performance, meat quality, and gene expression. Canadian Journal of animal science, 96(3), 332-341.10.1139/cjas-2015-0132Search in Google Scholar

Pandey, A. K. et al. (2019). Feed additives in animal health. In Nutraceuticals in veterinary medicine (pp. 345-362). Springer, Cham.10.1007/978-3-030-04624-8_23Search in Google Scholar

Parham, S., et al. (2020). Antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antiviral properties of herbal materials. Antioxidants, 9(12), 1309.10.3390/antiox9121309776736233371338Search in Google Scholar

Petracci, M. et al. (2004). Colour variation and characterization of broiler breast meat during processing in Italy. Poultry Science, 83(12), 2086-2092.10.1093/ps/83.12.208615615025Search in Google Scholar

Pliego, A. B. et al. (2020). Beneficial and adverse effects of medicinal plants as feed supplements in poultry nutrition: A review. Animal Biotechnology, 1-23.10.1080/10495398.2020.179897332744150Search in Google Scholar

Ponte, P. I. et al. (2004). Cholesterol levels and sensory characteristics of meat from broilers consuming moderate to high levels of alfalfa. Poultry Science, 83(5), 810–814. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/83.5.81010.1093/ps/83.5.81015141840Search in Google Scholar

Puvaca, N. et al. (2013). Beneficial effects of phytoadditives in broiler nutrition. World's Poultry Science Journal, 69(1), 27-34.10.1017/S0043933913000032Search in Google Scholar

Qamar, A. et al. (2019). Physical and chemical factors affecting chicken meat colour. Pakistan Journal of Science, 71(2), 82.Search in Google Scholar

Righi, F. et al. (2021). Plant feed additives as natural alternatives to the use of synthetic antioxidant vitamins on poultry performances, health, and oxidative status: A review of the literature in the last 20 years. Antioxidants, 10(5), 659.10.3390/antiox10050659814677733922786Search in Google Scholar

Rivas Caceres, R. R. et al. (2020). Beneficial and adverse effects of medicinal plants as feed supplements in poultry nutrition: a review. Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas.Search in Google Scholar

Sacchetti, G. et al. (2005). Comparative evaluation of 11 essential oils of different origin as functional antioxidants, antiradical, and antimicrobials in foods. Food Chemistry, 91(4), 621-632.10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.06.031Search in Google Scholar

Shirzadegan, K. and Taheri, H. R. (2017). Insoluble fibres affected the performance, carcass characteristics and serum lipid of broiler chickens fed a wheat-based diet. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 7(1), 109-117.Search in Google Scholar

Saleh, A. A. et al. (2018). Effect of dietary phytogenics (herbal mixture) supplementation on growth performance, nutrient utilization, antioxidative properties, and immune response in broilers. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(15), 14606-14613.10.1007/s11356-018-1685-z29532373Search in Google Scholar

Smith, D. P. et al. (2002). The effect of age, dietary carbohydrate source, and feed withdrawal on broiler breast fillet colour. Poultry Science, 81(10), 1584-1588.10.1093/ps/81.10.158412412928Search in Google Scholar

Souza, X. R. et al. (2011). Proximate composition and meat quality of broilers reared under different production systems. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 13(1), 15-20.10.1590/S1516-635X2011000100003Search in Google Scholar

Tajik, H. et al. (2014). Effectiveness of clove essential oil and grape seed extract combination on microbial and lipid oxidation characteristics of raw buffalo patty during storage at abuse refrigeration temperature. Journal of food processing and preservation, 38(1), 31-38.10.1111/j.1745-4549.2012.00736.xSearch in Google Scholar

Tayeb, I. T. et al. (2019). Performance of broiler chicken fed different levels of thyme, adiantum, rosemary, and their combination. The Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Science, 50(5), 1522-1532.Search in Google Scholar

Turcu, R. P. et al. (2019). Grapeseed meal used as natural antioxidant in high fatty acid diets for Hubbard broilers. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 21, 1-11.10.1590/1806-9061-2018-0886Search in Google Scholar

Turcu, R. P. et al. (2020). Nutritional characterization of some natural plants used in poultry nutrition. Archiva Zootechnica, 23(2), 58-72.10.2478/azibna-2020-0013Search in Google Scholar

Turcu, R. P. et al. (2021). Effects of grape seed oil supplementation to broilers diets on growth performance, meat fatty acids, health lipid indices, and lipid oxidation parameters. Agriculture, 11(5), 404.10.3390/agriculture11050404Search in Google Scholar

Untea, A. E. et al. (2020). The effects of dietary inclusion of bilberry and walnut leaves in laying hens’ diets on the antioxidant properties of eggs. Animals,10(2), 191.10.3390/ani10020191707051631979047Search in Google Scholar

Valenzuela-Grijalva, N. V. et al. (2017). Dietary inclusion effects of phytochemicals as growth promoters in animal production. Journal of animal science and technology, 59(1), 1-17.10.1186/s40781-017-0133-9539298628428891Search in Google Scholar

Vlaicu, P. A. et al. (2020a). Effect of dietary orange and grapefruit peel on growth performance, health status, meat quality, and intestinal microflora of broiler chickens. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 19(1), 1394-1405. https://doi.org/10.1080/1828051X.2020.184557610.1080/1828051X.2020.1845576Search in Google Scholar

Vlaicu, P. A. et al. (2020b). Meat quality of breast from broilers fed a diet supplemented with orange and red grapefruit dried peel. Scientific Papers, Series D. Animal Science, 63(1), 161-169.Search in Google Scholar

Vlaicu, P. A. et al. (2020c). Dietary Origanum vulgare supplements for broilers. Romanian Biotechnology Letters, 25(5), 1922-1929.10.25083/rbl/25.5/1922.1929Search in Google Scholar

Zheng, M. et al. (2019). Effects of dietary supplementation of alfalfa meal on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat, and egg quality, and intestinal microbiota in Beijing-you chicken. Poultry Science, 98(5), 2250-2259.10.3382/ps/pey55030496504Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo