1. bookVolume 9 (2019): Issue 1 (August 2019)
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2248-0854
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15 Dec 2017
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English
access type Open Access

Burghers, Intellectuals, and Gentries. The Utopia of Alternative Modernization in the Interwar Hungarian Populist Movement: László Németh, Ferenc Erdei, and István Bibó

Published Online: 17 Aug 2019
Volume & Issue: Volume 9 (2019) - Issue 1 (August 2019)
Page range: 71 - 84
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2248-0854
First Published
15 Dec 2017
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The paper’s aim is a critical reconstruction concerning the ideas of the most renowned representatives of the Hungarian Popular Movement: László Németh, Ferenc Erdei, and István Bibó. It contextualizes the notion of “populism”, which has semantically become overburdened up to now: it means everything and nothing. The Hungarian Populist Movement must be interpreted in the interwar Central-Eastern European and Hungarian contexts. The notion of dual society was a catchword for the abovementioned thinkers; according to its basic tenet, in Hungarian society, there is a symbiosis of modern and premodern segments. The demand for emancipation of the peasantry as a common denominator was frequently connected with the idea of alternative modernization; it was imagined as an autochthonous development different from the Western European models.

Keywords

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