1. bookVolume 21 (2021): Issue 1 (January 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Composition of Volatile Compounds in Heat-Treated Meat from Polish Native Sheep Breeds Using HS-SPME-GC/MS – Chemometric Classification Based on Breed and Age

Published Online: 29 Jan 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 21 (2021) - Issue 1 (January 2021)
Page range: 331 - 346
Received: 19 Sep 2019
Accepted: 27 May 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

In order to characterize the volatile compounds composition of lamb meat, 3 groups of baked leg muscle samples from two Polish native sheep breeds: Świniarka aged 9 months (S9), Wrzosówka aged 9 months (W9), and Wrzosówka aged 7 months (W7), were analyzed by HS-SPME-GC/MS, followed by multivariate statistics comprising the F-ratio method for variables pre-selection, and PCA-LDA analysis. Ninety seven volatile compounds were determined, out of which 74 were identified. The largest classes of volatile compounds were aldehydes and furans followed by alcohols, hydrocarbons, ketones, and sulfur and nitrogen compounds. Statistically significant differences between the S9, W9, and W7 groups were observed for 11 volatiles, i.e.: pentanal; hexanal; 1,3-octadiene; benzaldehyde; 3-ethyl-2-methyl-1,3-hexadiene; 3-octen-2-one; 2-octenal; 2-hexylfuran; tetradecanal; pentadecanal; hexadecanal. The HS-SPME-GC/MS method coupled with chemometrics, based on the relative intensity spectral data of these volatiles, proved to be an effective tool for the discrimination of lambs according to breed and age. The classification accuracy value for the S9, W9, and W7 groups was 100%.

Keywords

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