1. bookVolume 20 (2020): Issue 4 (October 2020)
Journal Details
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
access type Open Access

Neuregulin 1 (NRG-1) as a Neuronal Active Substance in the Porcine Intrahepatic Nerve Fibers in Physiological Conditions and Under the Influence of Bisphenol a (BPA )

Published Online: 07 Nov 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 20 (2020) - Issue 4 (October 2020)
Page range: 1339 - 1350
Received: 14 Aug 2019
Accepted: 19 Mar 2020
Journal Details
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year

Bisphenol A (BPA ) is a substance commonly used in the production of plastics. Previous studies have described that it shows multidirectional harmful effects on the living organism. It is known that BPA causes liver damage, but knowledge about the roles of intrahepatic nerves in these mechanisms is extremely scanty. On the other hand, the exact roles of some neuronal substances in the nervous structures located in the liver still remain unknown. One of such substance, which is allocated a role in the stimulation of cell survival is neuregulin 1 (NRG-1). The aim of the present study was to investigate the distribution of NRG-1-like immunoreactive (NRG-1-LI) nerves in the liver in physiological conditions and under the influence of various doses of BPA using routine double immunofluorescence staining. The results (for the first time) show the presence of NRG-1 in the intrahepatic nerves, and co-localization of NGR-1 with neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). Moreover, it has been observed that high doses of BPA increase the density of NRG-1-LI intrahepatic nerves and the degree of co-localization of NRG-1 with VIP. These observations suggest that NRG-1 located in intrahepatic nerves may play functions in processes connected with liver damage and/or regeneration under the impact of BPA.


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