As a complex industrial chain, logistics covers a wide range of areas and rises with the rapid rise of e-commerce. The timeliness of logistics is crucial for the circulation of e-commerce items. In the logistics industry chain, the distribution centre can reduce the transaction links of goods, improve industrial efficiency, reduce the inventory of merchants, and at the same time can quickly get feedback on demand. The specific process is shown in Figure 1, including five links of express delivery, such as stocks, storage, sorting, shipment and despatch [1–3]. Among these five links, the sorting of express delivery is the most important, and the time and labour costs are also the highest, which has a great impact on the efficiency of the entire logistics system.
In the entire distribution centre, the logistics storage warehouse with strong liquidity has the characteristics of high inflow and outflow frequency of goods and a short inventory cycle. A complete distribution centre first needs to purchase the customer’s goods according to the order information, and then store the purchased goods for a short period of time, which can effectively handle the supply of goods according to customer needs, and properly adjust the stability of the goods in the circulation process to avoid the presence too many or too few products on the market. Second, it has the function of quick sorting, which can sort the goods according to the customer’s order information, and sort according to the customer’s delivery location, the number of goods, the weight of the goods, the specifications of the goods, the customer information, and the order number. After the basic sorting is completed, the sorted goods are effectively combined, and the goods at the same location are uniformly packaged to form an effective, reasonable, low-cost, and high-efficiency logistics channel. The whole process of sorting can be simply described as sorting the goods according to the order information with a certain sorting optimisation method, sorting the delivered goods according to the order of shipment, division, serial number of distribution equipment, customer priority, etc. and finally distribute to specific locations according to logistics vehicles [4, 5]. In the entire logistics sorting chain, the sorting efficiency of orders has a huge impact on the efficiency of the entire operation. Compared with other links, the logistics sorting process accounts for a large proportion of time and consumes high costs . For the rapid sorting of commodities, it can be divided into sorting unit division, sorting method division, sorting operation area division, etc. according to different division principles. The sorting unit partition is classified according to the categories of goods to be sorted, such as large objects, small objects, and special commodities. Here, the two unrelated processes of sorting and transportation are independent, making the sorting professional and modular. Sorting method partition, for different sorting unit partitions, according to the different sorting methods and equipment, sorting is divided into multiple areas, and the purpose is to improve the efficiency of sorting operations and reduce the cost of sorting time . In the case of keeping the sorting method unchanged, the sorting operation area is partitioned, and picking personnel is assigned to carry out the next sorting in a fixed place.
At present, in the logistics transmission chain, the development of the sorting system is not optimistic, and the cost and capital consumed by it still account for a large proportion of the entire logistics system. For the logistics industry, commodity materials are dense, and the optimisation and improvement of automatic sorting are crucial to the improvement of the efficiency of the entire logistics distribution. In modern logistics transportation, there are various commodities, and the market’s demand for commodities has become diverse. As the basis of logistics distribution, logistics distribution needs to improve distribution efficiency while providing basic liquidity guarantees. In the entire logistics sorting process, in this paper, we will discover the modus operandi to improve the express sorting speed, optimise the sorting efficiency of the intelligent transmission chain without purchasing new automation, and optimise the sorting algorithm and model, as well as the key research directions of related research. Boysen
Through the analysis of related sorting and the optimisation research of related scholars in sorting and transmission, it shows the importance of sorting in the overall logistics transmission chain, and improving the sorting efficiency of the logistics transmission chain is very important for the entire logistics system. Therefore, in this paper, we use the data mining clustering method to sort related items, classify and merge variables according to aggregation and decentralised clustering methods, and optimise the intelligent transmission of the entire logistics chain combined with effectiveness experiments, improve the efficiency of sorting operations, and at the same time improve the efficiency and stability of the entire logistics level, providing a strong guarantee for the development of the society and the logistics industry.
In the logistics intelligent sorting and conveying chain, there are often several variables, and the variables have a group structure. Cluster analysis is an analysis process that divides samples or variables with high similarity into one class, and its main goal is to classify the collected data based on similarity. Cluster analysis is widely used in many disciplines, such as mathematics, statistics and so on. Under the influence of artificial intelligence, data mining, as an important tool for data analysis, has become more and more common in applications from academic research to market analysis. Sisman and Aydinoglu  improves the performance of large national real estate valuation by applying dataset optimisation and spatially constrained multivariate clustering analysis, which defines geographic value clusters to improve valuation accuracy. Park
Different clustering algorithms and their feature tables
|Partition-based clustering Algorithms||Heuristic algorithm, difficult to deal with complex data|
|Hierarchical class||Sensitive to data entry order|
|Density based||Very sensitive to custom user parameters|
|Grid based||Grid granularity is not easy to control|
|Based on neural network||Grid fixed structure, long training time|
The partition-based clustering algorithm first defines the indicator function, but most of its algorithms are heuristic algorithms, which are difficult to deal with large-scale data types, easy to fall into a local minimum, and weak in noise processing [19,20]; In clustering algorithms, the segmentation between levels is highly dependent, and as long as the aggregation is performed, the results cannot be modified [21–23]; density-based clustering algorithms use the density function for clustering, and the nodes are continuously expanded according to the clustering, which can handle any data type, but is sensitive to custom user parameters [24–26]; the grid-based clustering algorithm is a discretised method to process spatial data, but the grid particles are not easy to control, and the parameter sensitivity is high [27, 28]; the clustering algorithm based on neural network has some shortcomings, mainly due to the long training time [29, 30].
At present, all walks of life are using cluster analysis to divide objects with the same or similar attributes into one or more subsets through a mathematical algorithm. At present, it is widely used in machine learning, data mining, image analysis and other fields. Clustering algorithms can be divided into two types: structural type and decentralised type according to the form of clustering. The former is reclassified by successful clusters, and the initial N samples are regarded as independent N clusters, which are continuously aggregated through a certain clustering algorithm or an iterative algorithm. The method is mainly divided into partition-based, hierarchical-based, density-based, grid-based, and neural network-based clustering algorithms. The selection of the clustering algorithm is shown in Figure 2.
The latter is to determine the classification at one time and perform the division of the set or the merge operation of the set according to the given set of elements. The method is mainly divided into clustering hierarchical clustering method and decentralised hierarchical clustering method. The specific hierarchical clustering effect is shown in Figure 3. This paper adopts the clustering hierarchical clustering algorithm.
Variable cluster analysis is classified according to the degree of closeness and similarity of variables in features. To express it intuitively, this section gives two variables.
Common types of variables are qualitative and quantitative variables. In this paper, quantitative variables are mainly used, and the commonly used similarity coefficients are the cosine of the included angle and the correlation coefficient. The specific definition expression is as follows:
In formula (1–2), the distance method for measuring samples needs to be given. There are single linkage, full linkage, group average, and median algorithms, in addition to the gravity centre method and square sum of deviations for calculating the similarity distance between classes.
The two classes with the closest distance between classes are merged, and the specific distance formula is as follows:
Refers to the aggregation of classes according to the longest distance between clusters. The specific distance formula is as follows:
The distance between clusters is equal to the average distance between two cluster objects. The specific distance formula is as follows:
The distance between clusters is represented by the centroid distance of the clusters. The specific distance formula is as follows:
The distance between clusters is based on the single linkage and the full linkage method, and the median value is expressed by the single linkage and the full linkage. The specific distance formula is as follows:
According to the mathematical method, the specific distance formula is as follows:
This paper uses the Fisher distance to verify the optimal solution for hierarchical clustering, where the distance
The variable group structure identification algorithm designed in this paper uses the hierarchical clustering method to cluster variables, and uses sampling to obtain the Rand index for multiple adjustments so that the number of clusters when the average value of the Rand index reaches the maximum is used as the final number of groups. Specific steps are as follows:
To extract the complex sample useful information without omission, it is necessary to process the sample data. Suppose a given dataset contains m samples, and then sample the dataset m times with replacement to generate a training set of m samples. During the whole process: the probability of being selected is
In addition, the specific calculation process of adjusting the Rand coefficient is as follows:
Assuming that there are n samples in the data set and the number of variables is Use the bootstrap method to extract n samples from the original data set to obtain the data set S. Normalise the Calculate the Clustering the Repeat (a)–(d) to calculate the average of the Rand index. Determine the optimal number of variable categories. Normalise the original dataset to calculate the distance D for the Use hierarchical clustering to cluster
Use the bootstrap method to extract n samples from the original data set to obtain the data set S.
Repeat (a)–(d) to calculate the average of the Rand index.
Determine the optimal number of variable categories.
Normalise the original dataset to calculate the distance D for the
Use hierarchical clustering to cluster
The data source of this paper and the manual sorting system in operation include customer order, inventory status, product variety, product specification, product weight and other information. We run simulations under two conditions: one assumes that the variables assigned to each group are uniformly grouped, and the other assumes that the variables per group are not uniformly grouped. In addition, according to the use of six inter-cluster distance calculation methods and the clustering effect, this paper uses the median method and the single connection method for clustering and combines the needs of practical work to reasonably divide the number of clusters. The validity of its classification results is verified. Finally, the results of this paper select an optimal item allocation method based on the user-defined range of the number of partitions.
The verification of the classification results needs to use the Fisher distance. According to the actual needs, the classification range is set to 2–5 partitions, that is, 2≤ Z≤ 5, and a red line is used as the benchmark for segmentation, and the ordinate D is the distance between the clusters. The horizontal axis G represents the item information. Based on different colours, the clustering situation under different segmentation conditions is distinguished. For the segmentation of the clustering results of the single connection method, two results are finally divided into two partitions and three partitions.
As can be seen from the Figures 4 and 5, it can be determined that when the number of points is 3 by the single connection method, the corresponding segmentation value is F3 = 5.8; when the number of points is 4, the corresponding segmentation value is F4 = 4.66. When using this classification method, the item allocation distance is more advantageous. When using the single connection method, the number of points is 3, and the corresponding value of segmentation is F3 = 2.94; when the number of points is 4, the corresponding value of segmentation is F4 = 2.35. When using this classification method, the results of item distribution are relatively uniform.
By comparing the clustering and segmentation results of the two distance calculation methods, it is concluded that each calculation method has its advantages and disadvantages, logistics distribution time cost and logistics package distribution accuracy. Combining the characteristics of the data, conclusions can be drawn about the median method and the single connection method, which are summarised as follows:
Analysis of the internal compactness of clusters, the distance between clusters, and the distribution of samples, the single-connection clustering results are more in line with the needs of real data than the median method, and the allocation time is faster, but at the same time the sample distribution The results show that the sample distribution of the median method is more accurate. From the analysis of the compactness of the clustering, the median method and the sample data in practical applications are more densely clustered, but there are obvious differences in the compactness within each cluster, and it also supports more partition ways. From the analysis of the distance between clusters, the distance between clusters of the single connection method is better, the cluster assignment will be better and clearer, and the distance between clusters of the median method is less prominent. From the analysis of the distribution results of item distribution, the median method makes the distribution of items more evenly distributed under the partition.
Analysis of the internal compactness of clusters, the distance between clusters, and the distribution of samples, the single-connection clustering results are more in line with the needs of real data than the median method, and the allocation time is faster, but at the same time the sample distribution The results show that the sample distribution of the median method is more accurate.
From the analysis of the compactness of the clustering, the median method and the sample data in practical applications are more densely clustered, but there are obvious differences in the compactness within each cluster, and it also supports more partition ways.
From the analysis of the distance between clusters, the distance between clusters of the single connection method is better, the cluster assignment will be better and clearer, and the distance between clusters of the median method is less prominent.
From the analysis of the distribution results of item distribution, the median method makes the distribution of items more evenly distributed under the partition.
Different clustering algorithms and their feature tables
|Partition-based clustering Algorithms||Heuristic algorithm, difficult to deal with complex data|
|Hierarchical class||Sensitive to data entry order|
|Density based||Very sensitive to custom user parameters|
|Grid based||Grid granularity is not easy to control|
|Based on neural network||Grid fixed structure, long training time|Law of interest rate changes in financial markets based on the differential equation model of liquidity Research and implementation of smart city public information mining analysis system based on mobile edge model of game theory Basalt fibre continuous reinforcement composite pavement reinforcement design based on finite element model Design of college education evaluation based on accompanying data acquisition and mathematical analysis Enterprise financial strategy and performance management analysis based on principal component analysis Study on the Dynamic Change of Regional Water Level and Climate Based on Forecast Equation Satisfactory consistency judgement and inconsistency adjustment of linguistic judgement matrix Municipal Civil Engineering Construction Based on Finite Element Differential Equations Financial Risk Prevention Model of Financial Institutions Based on Linear Partial Differential Equation Influence of heterogeneity of local officials on the economy of resource-based cities developed with high quality Analysis of influencing factors of SPOC course teaching effect using structural equation modelling Training Model of Basketball Offensive Route Based on Nonlinear Differential Equation Research on the construction of rural interface style based on aesthetic rules Optimization Algorithm of New Media Hot Event Push Based on Nonlinear Differential Equation Mathematical Differential Equation in Calculating the Strength of Building Beam Structure Impact Resistance Stability of Building Structural Engineering Based on Fractional Differential Equations The Technical Research on the Assessment of Network Security Situation Based on D-S Evidence Theory Computer big data modeling system based on finite element mathematical equation simulation Uniqueness of system integration scheme of artificial intelligence technology in fractional differential mathematical equation Uniqueness of system integration scheme of artificial intelligence technology in fractional differential mathematical equation The Composition System of Pop Music Movement Based on Finite Element Differential Equations The Structure and Influencing Factors of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Ability of Higher Vocational Students Based on Structural Equation Model Model System Study of Accordion Score Based on Fractional Differential Equations Data mining of Chain convenience stores location Parameter Id of Metal Hi-pressure State Equation P-Matrix Reasoning and Information Intelligent Mining Symmetry Analysis and Exact Solutions of Extended Kadomtsev-Petviashvili Equation in Fluids Research on Detection Model of Abnormal Data in Engineering Cost List Research on deformation monitoring of tunnel engineering based on 3D laser scanning Solidification treatment effect of wellsite waste mud based on physical adsorption of a composite curing agent A study of immersive technology for product usability improvement design based on comprehensive value evaluation Intelligent Recommendation System for English Vocabulary Learning – Based on Crowdsensing Application of Nonlinear Fractional Differential Equations in Computer Artificial Intelligence Algorithms Application of calculus function and value chain analysis method in the quantification of financial flexibility management indicators Optimal Research in Piano Shape Sound and Sound Propagation Model Based on Nonlinear Differential Equations Regarding new wave distributions of the non-linear integro-partial Ito differential and fifth-order integrable equations Badminton players’ trajectory under numerical calculation method Prediction of surface quality in end milling based on modified convolutional recurrent neural network Analysis of IPO pricing efficiency under the registration system Case application data research of traditional ink art elements in packaging design Research on an early warning model of effectiveness evaluation in ideological and political teaching based on big data Application of intelligent teaching resource organisation model and construction of performance evaluation model Secure transmission of simultaneous wireless information and power transfer system for Internet of things Innovations to Attribute Reduction of Covering Decision System Based on Conditional Information Entropy Numerical simulation of vortex vibration in main girder of cable-stayed bridge based on bidirectional fluid–structure coupling Research on location algorithm of new energy vehicle charging station based on multi-objective decision Optimisation of construction mode of residential houses based on the genetic algorithm under BIM technology A study on the reform of college English education inspired by the cultural differences between China and the United States Research on innovative strategies of college students’ English teaching under the blessing of big data Research on multi-dimensional optimisation design of user interface under Rhino/GH platform Has the belt and road initiative boosted the resident consumption in cities along the domestic route? – evidence from credit card consumption Attitude control for the rigid spacecraft with the improved extended state observer A long command subsequence algorithm for manufacturing industry recommendation systems with similarity connection technology Application of Higher-Order Ordinary Differential Equation Model in Financial Investment Stock Price Forecast Evaluation of spoken English self-study system considering speech knowledge recognition algorithm Application research on piano teaching in colleges and universities based on remote wireless network communication Construction of Financial Risk Evaluation Index System for Biomass Graphene Fibre Industrialisation Project System dynamics model of output of ball mill Sensitivity Analysis of the Waterproof Performance of Elastic Rubber Gasket in Shield Tunnel Design of Morlet wavelet neural network to solve the non-linear influenza disease system An online statistical analysis of the hotel management and operation performance model Research on the post-purchase behaviour tendency of the product quality to customers in fast-selling marketing Motion about equilibrium points in the Jupiter-Europa system with oblateness Ultra-short-term power forecast of photovoltaic power station based on VMD–LSTM model optimised by SSA Optimal preview repetitive control for impulse-free continuous-time descriptor systems Design of information management system based on wireless communication under the background of Internet of Things The impact of global warming on the small Scottish Fishing Company Development of main functional modules for MVB and its application in rail transit Analysis of agricultural economic development and optimisation measures under the strategy of rural revitalisation Study on the impact of forest fire prevention policy on the health of forest resources Value Creation of Real Estate Company Spin-off Property Service Company Listing Selection by differential mortality rates Research on the relationship between government subsidies, R&D investment and high-quality development of manufacturing industry Research on the protection and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage under the background of rural revitalisation Research on behavioural differences in the processing of tenant listing information: An eye-movement experiment Innovation of Economic Management Risk Control in Retailer Supply Chain Based on Differential Equation Model Computer vision recognition and tracking algorithm based on convolutional neural network A review of the treatment techniques of VOC Study on structural parameter design and life analysis of large four-point contact ball bearing channel Some classes of complete permutation polynomials in the form of ( x p m− x+ δ) s+ ax p m+ bxover F p2 m Digital marketing solutions based on consumer data and homomorphic encryption The consistency method of linguistic information and other four preference information in group decision-making Statistical Model of College Ideological and Political Learning Based on Fractional Differential Equations Research on the driving principle and guiding strategy of the public's collaborative supervision of the sharing economy in my country Research on the willingness of Forest Land’s Management Rights transfer under the Beijing Forestry Development Nonlinear Differential Equation in Anti-aging Test of Polymer Nanomaterials Application research of bel canto performance based on artificial intelligence technology Fractal structure of magnetic island in tokamak plasma Mechanics of Building Structural Materials Based on Lagrangian Mathematical Model Analysis The Mental Health Education Management of Higher Vocational Students Based on Fractional Differential Equations Application of regression function model based on panel data in financial risk management of bank resource allocation Application of knowledge graph in smart grid fault diagnosis University Ideological and Political Learning Model Based on Statistical Memory Curve Mathematical Equation Research on the optimisation of logistics parcel intelligent sorting and conveying chain combined with variable clustering mathematical method Analysis of the properties of matrix rank and the relationship between matrix rank and matrix operations Research on Resonance Properties of Semantic Wave Fractal Fractals Based on Quantitative Analysis of English Corpus Research on urban landscape big data information processing system based on ordinary differential equations Modeling of fractional differential equation in cloud computing image fusion algorithm Application of Discriminative Training Algorithm Based on Intelligent Computing in English Translation Evaluation Research on the application of GLE teaching mode in English-medium colleges The application of directional derivative in the design of animation characters and background elements Research on product process design and optimisation model based on IoT intelligent computing Conventional Algorithms in Sports Training Based on Fractional Differential Equations Dynamic Nonlinear System Based on Complex System Theory in the Development of Vocational Education LTE wireless network coverage optimisation based on corrected propagation model The Algorithm Accuracy of Mathematical Model to Improve the Transmission Speed of E-commerce Platform Study on tourism development income index calculation of finite element ordinary differential mathematical equation The Security of Database Network Model Based on Fractional Differential Equations Electric Vehicle Mechanical Transmission System Based on Fractional Differential Equations The Practice System of Physics and Electronics Courses in Higher Vocational Colleges Based on Fractional Differential Equations The Economic Model of Rural Supply and Demand Under the Data Analysis Function Based on Ordered Probit 3D Modeling System of Indoor Environment Art Landscape Design under Statistical Equation Electronic Information Security Model of Nonlinear Differential Equations The Optimization Model of College Students' Physical Exercise Motivation and Self-control Ability Based on the Mathematical Model of Probability Theory Impact of ASEAN-China free trade area on fishery value chain based on difference-in-difference method Health monitoring of Bridges based on multifractal theory Health status diagnosis of the bridges based on multi-fractal de-trend fluctuation analysis Application and risk assessment of the energy performance contracting model in energy conservation of public buildings Sensitivity analysis of design parameters of envelope enclosure performance in the dry-hot and dry-cold areas Criminal law imputation path for biometric information Research on composite dynamic disaster prevention and control system of mine earthquake and shock in thick and hard rock mines Research on innovative strategies of college students’ English teaching under the background of artificial intelligence Electromagnetic interference prediction technology of new energy motor drive system Research on the application of PLC technology in electrical automation engineering Research on indoor environment design of comprehensive commercial shopping center based on numerical simulation Application of matrix multiplication in signal sensor image perception Empirical analysis of the economic absolute income hypothesis based on mathematical statistics Analysing the variation of metadiscourse verb patterns in English academic papers from within and between disciplines Impact of COVID-19 policy on stock prices of listed property companies Realization of Book Collaborative Filtering Personalized Recommendation System Based on Linear Regression Equation Research on the experimental principle of deep integration of LETS software and criminal procedure under the background of artificial intelligence Study on Interactive Relations between Enterprise Social Media and Decision Style Based on a vector Autoregressive Model Research on Dynamics of Flexible Multibody System with Deployable Antenna Based on Static Lagrangian Function The Optimization of Mathematics Teaching Models in Colleges and Universities Based on Nonlinear Differential Equations Study on spatial planning and design of learning commons in university libraries based on fuzzy matrix model The Stability Model of Piano Tone Tuning Based on Ordinary Differential Equations Construction and application of automobile user portrait based on k-mean clustering model The Homework Model of Screening English Teaching Courses Based on Fractional Differential Equations VR-based computer maintenance practical training platform development design and application research Research on innovative human capital for China’s economic development based on STI model In-depth analysis of the artistic expression of paper-cut elements in the design of boat space Knowledge graph construction and Internet of Things optimisation for power grid data knowledge extraction Modeling the pathway of breast cancer in the Middle East Construction and intelligent analysis of power grid physical data knowledge graph based on Internet of Things for power system Research on industrial Internet of Things and power grid technology application based on knowledge graph and data asset relationship model Research on the effects of financial literacy on rural household credit constraint Calculus Logic Function in Integrated Manufacturing Automation of Single Chip Microcomputer Football Offense Training Strategy Based on Fractional Differential Mathematical Modeling Research on educational resource recommendation system based on MRLG Rec The Mathematical Analysis Model of Educational System in Music Courses in Colleges and Universities Continuing Education Network Data Center Model Based on Fractional Differential Mathematical Equations A study on the phenomenon of anaphoric correction in college students’ English conversation Computer Art Design Model Based on Nonlinear Fractional Differential Equations The Optimization Model of Public Space Design Teaching Reform Based on Fractional Differential Equations The Approximate Solution of Nonlinear Vibration of Tennis Based on Nonlinear Vibration Differential Equation Graphical Modular Power Technology of Distribution Network Based on Machine Learning Statistical Mathematical Equation Employment and Professional Education Training System of College Graduates Based on the Law of Large Numbers Economic Research on Multiple Linear Regression in Fruit Market inspection and Management Nonlinear Differential Equations in Preventing Financial Risks Lagrange’s Mathematical Equations in the Sports Training of College Students Simulation Research of Electrostatic Precipitator Power Supply Voltage Control System Based on Finite Element Differential Equation Research on the effect of generative adversarial network based on wavelet transform hidden Markov model on face creation and classification Research on Lightweight Injection Molding (CAE) and Numerical Simulation Calculate of New Energy Vehicle Power Flow Calculation in Smart Distribution Network Based on Power Machine Learning Based on Fractional Differential Equations Demonstration of application program of logistics public information management platform based on fuzzy constrained programming mathematical model Basketball Shooting Rate Based on Multiple Regression Logical-Mathematical Algorithm The Optimal Application of Lagrangian Mathematical Equations in Computer Data Analysis Similarity Solutions of the Surface Waves Equation in (2+1) Dimensions and Bifurcation Optimal decisions and channel coordination of a green supply chain with marketing effort and fairness concerns Game theoretic model for low carbon supply chain under carbon emissions reduction sensitive random demand Limit cycles of a generalised Mathieu differential system Influence of displacement ventilation on the distribution of pollutant concentrations in livestock housing Application of data mining in basketball statistics The nonlinear effects of ageing on national savings rate – An Empirical Study based on threshold model Design of fitness walker for the elderly based on ergonomic SAPAD model AtanK-A New SVM Kernel for Classification Mechanical behaviour of continuous girder bridge with corrugated steel webs constructed by RW Study of a linear-physical-programming-based approach for web service selection under uncertain service quality The Relationship Between College Students’ Taekwondo Courses and College Health Based on Mathematical Statistics Equations Analysis and countermeasures of cultivating independent learning ability in colleges teaching English based on OBE theory A mathematical model of plasmid-carried antibiotic resistance transmission in two types of cells Fractional Differential Equations in the Exploration of Geological and Mineral Construction AdaBoost Algorithm in Trustworthy Network for Anomaly Intrusion Detection Projection of Early Warning Identification of Hazardous Sources of Gas Explosion Accidents in Coal Mines Based on NTM Deep Learning Network Burnout of front-line city administrative law-enforcing personnel in new urban development areas: An empirical research in China Enterprise Financial Risk Early Warning System Based on Structural Equation Model A Study on the Application of Quantile Regression Equation in Forecasting Financial Value at Risk in Financial Markets Fractional Differential Equations in the Model of Vocational Education and Teaching Practice Environment Information transmission simulation of Internet of things communication nodes under collision free probability equation Image denoising model based on improved fractional calculus mathematical equation Random Fourier Approximation of the Kernel Function in Programmable Networks The Complexity of Virtual Reality Technology in the Simulation and Modeling of Civil Mathematical Models University Library Lending System Model Based on Fractional Differential Equations Calculation and Performance Evaluation of Text Similarity Based on Strong Classification Features Intelligent Matching System of Clauses in International Investment Arbitration Cases Based on Big Data Statistical Model Evaluation and Verification of Patent Value Based on Combination Forecasting Model Financial Institution Prevention Financial Risk Monitoring System Under the Fusion of Partial Differential Equations Prediction and Analysis of ChiNext Stock Price Based on Linear and Non-linear Composite Model Calculus Logic Function in Tax Risk Avoidance in Different Stages of Enterprises The Psychological Memory Forgetting Model Based on the Analysis of Linear Differential Equations Optimization Simulation System of University Science Education Based on Finite Differential Equations The Law of Large Numbers in Children's Education Optimization System of Strength and Flexibility Training in Aerobics Course Based on Lagrangian Mathematical Equation Data structure simulation for the reform of the teaching process of university computer courses RETRACTION NOTE Research on the mining of ideological and political knowledge elements in college courses based on the combination of LDA model and Apriori algorithm Research on non-linear visual matching model under inherent constraints of images Good congruences on weakly U-abundant semigroups Can policy coordination facilitate unimpeded trade? An empirical study on factors influencing smooth trade along the Belt and Road Research on the processing method of multi-source heterogeneous data in the intelligent agriculture cloud platform Internal control index and enterprise growth: An empirical study of Chinese listed-companies in the automobile manufacturing industry Research on design of customer portrait system for E-commerce Research on rule extraction method based on concept lattice of intuitionistic fuzzy language Fed-UserPro: A user profile construction method based on federated learning A multi-factor Regression Equation-based Test of Fitness Maximal Aerobic Capacity in Athletes Design and evaluation of intelligent teaching system on basic movements in PE Garment Image Retrieval based on Grab Cut Auto Segmentation and Dominate Color Method Financial Risk Prediction and Analysis Based on Nonlinear Differential Equations Constructivist Learning Method of Ordinary Differential Equations in College Mathematics Teaching Multiple Effects Analysis of Hangzhou Issuing Digital Consumer Coupons Based on Simultaneous Equations of CDM Model Response Model of Teachers’ Psychological Education in Colleges and Universities Based on Nonlinear Finite Element Equations A Hybrid Computational Intelligence Method of Newton's Method and Genetic Algorithm for Solving Compatible Nonlinear Equations Pressure Image Recognition of Lying Positions Based on Multi-feature value Regularized Extreme Learning Algorithm English Intelligent Question Answering System Based on elliptic fitting equation Precision Machining Technology of Jewelry on CNC Machine Tool Based on Mathematical Modeling Application Research of Mathematica Software in Calculus Teaching Computer Vision Communication Technology in Mathematical Modeling Skills of Music Creation Based on Homogeneous First-Order Linear Partial Differential Equations Mathematical Statistics Technology in the Educational Grading System of Preschool Students Music Recommendation Index Evaluation Based on Logistic Distribution Fitting Transition Probability Function Children's Educational Curriculum Evaluation Management System in Mathematical Equation Model Query Translation Optimization and Mathematical Modeling for English-Chinese Cross-Language Information Retrieval The Effect of Children’s Innovative Education Courses Based on Fractional Differential Equations Fractional Differential Equations in the Standard Construction Model of the Educational Application of the Internet of Things Optimization research on prefabricated concrete frame buildings based on the dynamic equation of eccentric structure and horizontal-torsional coupling Optimization in Mathematics Modeling and Processing of New Type Silicate Glass Ceramics Green building considering image processing technology combined with CFD numerical simulation Research on identifying psychological health problems of college students by logistic regression model based on data mining Abnormal Behavior of Fractional Differential Equations in Processing Computer Big Data Mathematical Modeling Thoughts and Methods Based on Fractional Differential Equations in Teaching Research on evaluation system of cross-border E-commerce platform based on the combined model A mathematical model of PCNN for image fusion with non-sampled contourlet transform Nonlinear Differential Equations in Computer-Aided Modeling of Big Data Technology The Uniqueness of Solutions of Fractional Differential Equations in University Mathematics Teaching Based on the Principle of Compression Mapping Financial customer classification by combined model Influence of displacement ventilation on the distribution of pollutant concentrations in livestock housing Recognition of Electrical Control System of Flexible Manipulator Based on Transfer Function Estimation Method Automatic Knowledge Integration Method of English Translation Corpus Based on Kmeans Algorithm Real Estate Economic Development Based on Logarithmic Growth Function Model Design of Tennis Mobile Teaching Assistant System Based on Ordinary Differential Equations Financial Crisis Early Warning Model of Listed Companies Based on Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis High Simulation Reconstruction of Crowd Animation Based on Optical Flow Constraint Equation Construction of Intelligent Search Engine for Big Data Multimedia Resource Subjects Based on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation 3D Animation Simulation of Computer Fractal and Fractal Technology Combined with Diamond-Square Algorithm Analysis of the Teaching Quality of Physical Education Class by Using the Method of Gradient Difference The Summation of Series Based on the Laplace Transformation Method in Mathematics Teaching Optimal Solution of the Fractional Differential Equation to Solve the Bending Performance Test of Corroded Reinforced Concrete Beams under Prestressed Fatigue Load Animation VR scene mosaic modeling based on generalized Laplacian equation Radial Basis Function Neural Network in Vibration Control of Civil Engineering Structure Optimal Model Combination of Cross-border E-commerce Platform Operation Based on Fractional Differential Equations The influence of accounting computer information processing technology on enterprise internal control under panel data simultaneous equation Research on Stability of Time-delay Force Feedback Teleoperation System Based on Scattering Matrix BIM Building HVAC Energy Saving Technology Based on Fractional Differential Equation Construction of comprehensive evaluation index system of water-saving irrigation project integrating penman Montei the quation Human Resource Management Model of Large Companies Based on Mathematical Statistics Equations Data Forecasting of Air-Conditioning Load in Large Shopping Malls Based on Multiple Nonlinear Regression Analysis of technical statistical indexes of college tennis players under the win-lose regression function equation Automatic extraction and discrimination of vocal main melody based on quadratic wave equation Analysis of wireless English multimedia communication based on spatial state model equation Optimization of Linear Algebra Core Function Framework on Multicore Processors Application of hybrid kernel function in economic benefit analysis and evaluation of enterprises Research on classification of e-commerce customers based on BP neural network The Control Relationship Between the Enterprise's Electrical Equipment and Mechanical Equipment Based on Graph Theory Mathematical Modeling and Forecasting of Economic Variables Based on Linear Regression Statistics Nonlinear Differential Equations in Cross-border E-commerce Controlling Return Rate 3D Mathematical Modeling Technology in Visualized Aerobics Dance Rehearsal System Fractional Differential Equations in Electronic Information Models BIM Engineering Management Oriented to Curve Equation Model Leakage control of urban water supply network and mathematical analysis and location of leakage points based on machine learning Analysis of higher education management strategy based on entropy and dissipative structure theory Prediction of corporate financial distress based on digital signal processing and multiple regression analysis Mathematical Method to Construct the Linear Programming of Football Training Multimedia sensor image detection based on constrained underdetermined equation The Size of Children's Strollers of Different Ages Based on Ergonomic Mathematics Design Application of Numerical Computation of Partial Differential Equations in Interactive Design of Virtual Reality Media Stiffness Calculation of Gear Hydraulic System Based on the Modeling of Nonlinear Dynamics Differential Equations in the Progressive Method Knowledge Analysis of Charged Particle Motion in Uniform Electromagnetic Field Based on Maxwell Equation Relationship Between Enterprise Talent Management and Performance Based on the Structural Equation Model Method Term structure of economic management rate based on parameter analysis of estimation model of ordinary differential equation Influence analysis of piano music immersion virtual reality cooperation based on mapping equation Chinese painting and calligraphy image recognition technology based on pseudo linear directional diffusion equation Label big data compression in Internet of things based on piecewise linear regression Animation character recognition and character intelligence analysis based on semantic ontology and Poisson equation Design of language assisted learning model and online learning system under the background of artificial intelligence Study on the influence of adolescent smoking on physical training vital capacity in eastern coastal areas Application of machine learning in stock selection Comparative analysis of CR of ideological and political education in different regions based on improved fuzzy clustering Action of Aut( G) on the set of maximal subgroups of p-groups Research on loyalty prediction of e-commerce customer based on data mining Algebraic Equations in Educational Model of College Physical Education Course Education Professional English Translation Corpus Under the Binomial Theorem Coefficient Geometric Tolerance Control Method for Precision Machinery Based on Image Modeling and Novel Saturation Function Retrieval and Characteristic Analysis of Multimedia Tester Based on Bragg Equation Semiparametric Spatial Econometric Analysis of Household Consumption Based on Ordinary Linear Regression Model Video adaptive watermark embedding and detection algorithm based on phase function equation English Learning Motivation of College Students Based on probability Distribution Scientific Model of Vocational Education Teaching Method in Differential Nonlinearity Research on mobile Awareness service and data privacy Protection based on Linear Equations computing protocol Vocal Music Teaching Model Based on Finite Element Differential Mathematical Equations Studying a matching method combining distance proximity and buffer constraints The trend and influence of media information Propagation based on nonlinear Differential equation Research on the construction of early warning model of customer churn on e-commerce platform Evaluation and prediction of regional human capital based on optimised BP neural network Study on inefficient land use determination method for cities and towns from a city examination perspective A study of local smoothness-informed convolutional neural network models for image inpainting Mathematical Calculus Modeling in Improving the Teaching Performance of Shot Put Application of Nonlinear Differential Equation in Electric Automation Control System Higher Mathematics Teaching Curriculum Model Based on Lagrangian Mathematical Model Computational Algorithm to Solve Two–Body Problem Using Power Series in Geocentric System Decisions of competing supply chain with altruistic retailer under risk aversion Optimization of Color Matching Technology in Cultural Industry by Fractional Differential Equations The Marketing of Cross-border E-commerce Enterprises in Foreign Trade Based on the Statistics of Mathematical Probability Theory Application of Linear Partial Differential Equation Theory in Guiding Football Scientific Training Nonlinear Channel Estimation for Internet of Vehicles Some Necessary Conditions for Feedback Functions of de Bruijn Sequences The Evolution Model of Regional Tourism Economic Development Difference Based on Spatial Variation Function System Model of Shipping Enterprise Safety Culture Based on Dynamic Calculation Matrix Model An empirical research on economic growth from industrial structure optimisation in the Three Gorges Reservoir area The Inner Relationship between Students' Psychological Factors and Physical Exercise Based on Structural Equation Model (SEM) Analysis and Research on Influencing Factors of Ideological and Political Education Teaching Effectiveness Based on Linear Equation Study of agricultural finance policy information extraction based on ELECTRA-BiLSTM-CRF Fractional Differential Equations in Sports Training in Universities Examination and Countermeasures of Network Education in Colleges and Universities Based on Ordinary Differential Equation Model Innovative research of vertical video creation under the background of mobile communication Higher Education Agglomeration Promoting Innovation and Entrepreneurship Based on Spatial Dubin Model Chinese-English Contrastive Translation System Based on Lagrangian Search Mathematical Algorithm Model Genetic algorithm-based congestion control optimisation for mobile data network