Raw milk, that has not been heat-treated, can be an important source of pathogenic microorganisms transmitted via the food route, mainly such as: pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli, bacteria of the genus Salmonella, some fecal streptococci or Listeria monocytogenes. The most dangerous of the pathogens associated with raw milk is VTEC E. coli, which produces verocytotoxins – especially the O157:H7 strain. Enterococcus spp. is a frequent factor of bovine mastitis and therefore is often found in raw milk, thus posing a risk to consumers. Consuming raw milk is a good choice as long as we have a guarantee of a high level of hygienic sourcing.