Lee LM, Novotny VM, Bartle DK. Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds. New York (NY): Academic Press; 1981.Search in Google Scholar

World Health Organization (WHO). Regional Office for Europe. Air Quality Guidelines for Europe. 2nd ed. Copenhagen: WHO; 2000.Search in Google Scholar

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Environmental Carcinogens: Selected Methods of Analysis. Vol. 3. Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Environmental Samples. Lyon: IARC; 1979.Search in Google Scholar

Beak SO, Goldstone ME, Kirk PWW, Lester IN, Perry R. Concentrations of particulate and gaseous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in London air following a reduction in the lead content of petrol in the United Kingdom. Sci Total Environ 1992;111:169-99.10.1016/0048-9697(92)90354-USearch in Google Scholar

International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS). Selected Non-heterocyclic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Environmental Health Criteria 202. Geneva: WHO; 1998.Search in Google Scholar

Callén MS, de la Cruz MT, López JM, Murillo R, Navarro MV, Mastral AM. Some inferences on the mechanism of atmospheric gas/particle partitioning of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) at Zaragoza (Spain). Chemosphere 2008;73:1357-65.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.06.06318692862Search in Google Scholar

Possanzini M, Di Palo V, Gigliucci P, Tomasi Scianò MC, Cecinato A. Determination of phase-distributed PAH in Rome ambient air by denunder/GC-MS method. Atmos Environ 2004;38:1727-34.10.1016/j.atmosenv.2003.12.024Search in Google Scholar

Li Z, Porter EN, Sjödin A, Needham LL, Lee S, Russell AG, Mulholland JA. Characterization of PM2.5-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Atlanta - Seasonal variations at urban, suburban, and rural ambient air monitoring sites. Atmos Environ 2009;43:4187-93.10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.05.031Search in Google Scholar

Šišović A, Vađić Z, Šega K, Bešlić I, Vađić V. Comparison between PAH mass concentrations measured in PM10 and PM2,5 particle fractions. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2005;75:121-6.10.1007/s00128-005-0727-716228882Search in Google Scholar

Wenger D, Gerecke AC, Heeb NV, Hueglin C, Seiler C, Haag R, Naegeli H, Zenobi R. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor - mediated activity of atmospheric particulate matter from an urban and a rural in Switzerland. Atmos Environ 2009;34:3556-62.10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.04.012Search in Google Scholar

Partanen T, Boffetta P. Cancer risk in asphalt workers and roofers: review and meta analysis of epidemiologic studies. Am J Ind Med 1994;26:721-40.10.1002/ajim.47002606027892824Search in Google Scholar

Costantino JP, Redmond CK, Bearden A. Occupationally related cancer risk among coke oven workers: 30 years of follow-up. J Occup Environ Med 1995;37:597-604.10.1097/00043764-199505000-000097640988Search in Google Scholar

Chang KF, Fang GC, Chen JC, Wu YS. Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Asia: A review from 1999 to 2004. Environ Pollut 2006;142:388-96.10.1016/j.envpol.2005.09.02516343719Search in Google Scholar

Poster DL, Schantz MM, Sander LC, Wise SA. Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in environmental samples: a critical review of gas cromatographic (GC) methods. Anal Bioanal Chem 2006;386:859-81.10.1007/s00216-006-0771-017019586Search in Google Scholar

Ravindra K, Sokhi R, Grieken RV. Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Source attribution, emission factors and regulation. Atmos Environ 2008;42:2895-921.10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.12.010Search in Google Scholar

Gan S, Lau EV, Ng HK. Remediation of soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). J Hazard Mater 2009;172:532-49.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.118Search in Google Scholar

Zakon o zaštiti zraka. Narodne novine 178/2004.Search in Google Scholar

Zakon o izmjenama i dopunama Zakona o zaštiti zraka. Narodne novine 60/2008.Search in Google Scholar

Uredba o graničnim vrijednostima onečišćujućih tvari u zraku. Narodne novine 133/2005.Search in Google Scholar

BjΦrseth A, Ramdahl T. Sources and emissions of PAH. U: BjΦrseth A, Ramdahl T, urednici. Handbook of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Vol. 2. Chapter 1. New York (NY): Marcel Dekker Inc.; 1985.Search in Google Scholar

Juhasz AL, Naidu R. Bioremediation of high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: a review of the microbial degradation of benzo[a]pyrene. Int Biodeter Biodegr 2000;45:57-88.10.1016/S0964-8305(00)00052-4Search in Google Scholar

Choi MPK, Kang YH, Peng XL, Ng KW, Wong MH. Stockholm Convention organochlorine pesticides and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Hong Kong air. Chemosphere 2009;77:714-9.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.08.039Search in Google Scholar

Caricchia AM, Chiavarini S, Pezza M. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the urban atmospheric particulate matter in the city of Naples (Italy). Atmos Environ 1999;33:3731-8.10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00199-5Search in Google Scholar

Manoli E, Voutsa D, Samara C. Chemical characterization and source identification/apportionment of fine and coarse air particles in Thessaloniki, Greece. Atmos Environ 2002;36:949-61.10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00486-1Search in Google Scholar

Slezakova K, Castro D, Pereira MC, Morais S, Delerue-Matos C, Avim-Ferraz MC. Influence of tobacco smoke on carcinogenic PAH composition in indoor PM10 and PM2.5. Atmos Environ 2009;43;6376-82.10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.09.015Search in Google Scholar

Guillen MD, Sopelana P, Partearroyo MA. Food as a source of polycyclic aromatic carcinogens. Rev Environ Health 1997;12:133-46.10.1515/REVEH.1997.12.3.133Search in Google Scholar

Phillips DH. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the diet. Mutat Res 1999;443:139-47.10.1016/S1383-5742(99)00016-2Search in Google Scholar

European Commission: Scientific Committee on Food. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons - Occurrence in food, dietary exposure and health effects [pristup 28. listopada 2010.]. Dostupno na in Google Scholar

Haritash AK, Kaushik CP. Biodegradation aspects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): a review. J Hazard Mater 2009;169:1-15.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.03.13719442441Search in Google Scholar

Maertens RM, Bailey J, White PA. The mutagenic hazards of settled house dust: a review. Mutat Res 2004;567:401-25.10.1016/j.mrrev.2004.08.004Search in Google Scholar

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Polynuclear aromatic compounds. Part 1. Chemical, environmental and experimental data. IARC Monographs, Vol. 32. Lyon: IARC; 1983.Search in Google Scholar

Rivas FJ. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons sorbed on soils: A short review of chemical oxidation based treatments. J Hazard Mater 2006;138:234-51.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.07.048Search in Google Scholar

Committee on Biologic Effects of Atmospheric Pollutants. Particulate Polycyclic Organic Matter. Washington (DC): National Academy of Sciences; 1972.Search in Google Scholar

Shiraiwa M, Garland RM, Pöschl U. Kinetic double-layer model of aerosol surface chemistry and gas-particle interactions (K2 - SURF): Degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposed to O3, NO2, H2O, OH and NO3. Atmos Chem Phys 2009;9:9571-86.10.5194/acp-9-9571-2009Search in Google Scholar

Pöschl U, Letzel T, Schauer C, Niessner R. Interaction of ozone and water vapor with spark discharge soot aerosol particles coated with benzo[a]pyrene: O3 and H2O adsorption, benzo[a]pyrene degradation, and atmospheric implications. J Phys Chem A 2001;105:4029-41.10.1021/jp004137nSearch in Google Scholar

Ammann M, Pöschl U, Rudich Y. Effects of reversible adsorption and Langmuir-Hinshelwood surface reactions on gas uptake by atmospheric particles. Phys Chem Chem Phys 2003;5:351-6.10.1039/B208708ASearch in Google Scholar

Ammann M, Pöschl U. Kinetic model framework for aerosol and cloud surface chemistry and gas-particle interaction - Part 2: Exemplary practical applications and numerical simulations. Atmos Chem Phys 2007;7:6025-45.10.5194/acp-7-6025-2007Search in Google Scholar

Pöschl U, Rudich Y, Ammann M. Kinetic model framework for aerosol and cloud surface chemistry and gas-particle interaction - Part 1: General equations, parameters, and terminology. Atmos Chem Phys 2007;7:5989-6023.10.5194/acp-7-5989-2007Search in Google Scholar

Alebić-Juretić A, Cvitaš T, Klasinc L. Kinetics of heterogeneous ozone reactions. Chemosphere 2000;41:667-70.10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00485-3Search in Google Scholar

Andreou G, Rapsomanikis S. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their oxygenated derivatives in the urban atmosphere of Athens. J Hazard Mater 2009;172:363-73.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.02319647935Search in Google Scholar

Havey CD, McCormick RL, Hayes RR, John Dane A, Voorhees KJ. Analysis of nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in conventional diesel and fischer-tropsch diesel fuel emissions using electron monochromator-mass spectrometry. Anal Chem 2006;78:4894-900.10.1021/ac060400q16841908Search in Google Scholar

Dimashki M, Harrad S, Harrison RM. Measurements of nitro-PAH in the atmospheres of two cities. Atmos Environ 2000;34:2459-69.10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00417-3Search in Google Scholar

McMurry PH. A review of atmospheric aerosol measurements. Atmos Environ 2000;34:1959-99.10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00455-0Search in Google Scholar

Temime-Roussel B, Monod A, Massiani C, Wortham H. Evaluation of an annular denuder tubes for atmospheric PAH partitioning studies-1: evaluation of the trapping efficiency of gaseous PAHS. Atmos Environ 2004;38:1913-24.10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.01.005Search in Google Scholar

Šišović A, Bešlić I, Šega K, Vađić V. PAH mas concentrations measured in PM10 particle fraction. Environ Int 2008;34:580-4.10.1016/j.envint.2007.12.022Search in Google Scholar

Bari AMd, Baumbach G, Kuch B, Scheffknecht G. Wood smoke as a source of particle phase organic compounds in residential areas. Atmos Environ 2009;43:4722-32.10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.09.006Search in Google Scholar

Castro D, Slezakova K, Oliva-Teles MT, Delerue-Matos C, Alvim-Ferraz MC, Morais S, Carmo Pereira M. Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric particulate samples by microwave-assisted extraction and liquid chromatography. J Sep Sci 2009;32:501-10.10.1002/jssc.200800495Search in Google Scholar

Eriksson M, Fäldt J, Dalhammar G, Borg-Karlson AK. Determination of hydrocarbons in old creosote contaminated soil using headspace solid phase microextraction and GC-MS. Chemosphere 2001;44:1641-8.10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00371-4Search in Google Scholar

Santos JL, Aparicio I, Alonso E. A new method for the routine analysis of LAS and PAH in sewage sludge by simultaneous sonication-assisted extraction prior to liquid chromatographic determination. Anal Chim Acta 2007;605:102-9.10.1016/j.aca.2007.10.02718022417Search in Google Scholar

Langenfeld JJ, Hawthorne SB, Miller DJ, Pawliszyn J. Effects of temperature and pressure on supercritical fluid extraction efficiencies of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls. Anal Chem 1993;65:338-44.10.1021/ac00052a006Search in Google Scholar

Hall S, Tang R, Baeyens J, Dewil R. Removing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from water by adsorption on silicagel. Polycycl Aromat Compd 2009;29:160-83.10.1080/10406630903017534Search in Google Scholar

US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Method 610 - Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, PART 136 guidelines establishing test procedures for the analysis of pollutants; appendix A: methods for organic chemical analysis of municipal and industrial wastewater, 40CFR136.1. Washington (DC): US EPA; 2005.Search in Google Scholar

Wise SA, Hilpert LR, Byrd GD, May WE. Comparison of liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in environmental samples. Polycycl Aromat Compd 1990;1:81-98.10.1080/10406639008034751Search in Google Scholar

Piñeiro-Iglesias M, Grueiro-Noche G, López-Mahía P, Muniategui-Lorenzo S, Prada-Rodríguez D. Assessment of methodologies for airborne BaP analysis. Sci Total Environ 2004;334-335:377-84.10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.04.041Search in Google Scholar

Jennings W, Mittlefehldt E, Stremple P. Analytical Gas Chromatography. 2. izd. San Diego (CA): Academic Press; 1997.Search in Google Scholar

Gratz LD, Bagley ST, Leddy DG, Johnson JH, Chiu C, Stommel P. Interlaboratoy comparison of HPLC-fluorescence detection and GC/MS: analysis of PAH compounds present in diesel exhaust. J Hazard Mater 2000;74:37-46.10.1016/S0304-3894(99)00197-1Search in Google Scholar

Christensen A, Östman C, Westerholm R. Ultrasound-assisted extraction and on-line LC-GC-MS for determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in urban dust and diesel particulate matter. Anal Bioanal Chem 2005;381:1206-16.10.1007/s00216-005-3065-z15731915Search in Google Scholar

Cai SS, Syage JA, Hanold KA, Balogh MP. Ultra performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure photoionization-tandem mass spectrometry for high-sensitivity and high-throughput analysis of U. S. Environmental Protection Agency 16 priority pollutants polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Anal Chem 2009;81:2123-8.10.1021/ac802275e19227980Search in Google Scholar

Bente M, Sklorz M, Streibel T, Zimmermann R. Thermal desorption-multiphoton ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry of individual aerosol particles: a simplified approach for online single-particle analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Anal Chem 2009;81:2525-36.10.1021/ac802296f19245255Search in Google Scholar

Adam TW, Chirico R, Clairotte M, Elsasser M, Manfredi U, Martini G, Sklorz M, Streibel T, Heringa MF, Decarlo PF, Baltensperger U, De Santi G, Krasenbrink A, Zimmermann R, Prevot AS, Astorga C. Application of modern online instrumentation for chemical analysis of gas and particulate phases of exhaust at the European Commission heavy-duty vehicle emission laboratory. Anal Chem 2011;83:67-76.10.1021/ac101859u21126058Search in Google Scholar

Kavouras IG, Koutrakis P, Tsapakis M, Lagoudaki E, Stefanou EG, Oyola P. Source apportionment of urban particulate aliphatic and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) using multivariate methods. Environ Sci Technol 2001;35:2288-94.10.1021/es001540z11414034Search in Google Scholar

Callén MS, López JM, Mastral AM. Seasonal variation of benzo(a)pyrene in the Spanish airborne PM10 multivariate linear regression model applied to estimate BaP concentrations. J Hazard Mater 2010;180:648-55.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.04.08520457487Search in Google Scholar

Alebić-Juretić, A. Policiklički aromatski ugljikovodici i metali u ukupnim lebdećim česticama sakupljenim u Rijeci, 1982-2004. U: Šega K, urednik. Četvrti hrvatski znanstveno-stručni skup "Zaštita zraka '05"; 12.-16. rujna 2005.; Zadar. Zagreb: Hrvatsko udruženje za zaštitu zraka; 2005. str. 184-9.Search in Google Scholar

Šišović A, Škrbec A, Vađić V, Kalinić N, Hršak J. PAH levels and profiles in the suspended particulate matter in Zagreb through four seasons. Environ Monit Assess 2002;74:217-24.10.1023/A:1014228321207Search in Google Scholar

Šišović A. Kratki pregled mjerenja koncentracija PAU u zraku Zagreba. Gospodarstvo i okoliš 2004;66:45-52.Search in Google Scholar

Božićević Z, Cvitaš T, Ćurić M, Klasinc L, Pećina P. Airborne polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons in the city of Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Sci Total Environ 1987;66:127-36.10.1016/0048-9697(87)90082-9Search in Google Scholar

Agencija za zaštitu okoliša. Izvještaj o praćenju kakvoće zraka u RH. [pristup 5. listopada 2011.]. Dostupno na in Google Scholar

Godec R, Šišović A, Bešlić I, Vađić V. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air near gas field Molve. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol 2008;59:191-6.10.2478/10004-1254-59-2008-1877Search in Google Scholar

Šišović A, Vađić V, Škrbec A. Usporedba masenih koncentracija PAU mjerenih istovremeno u gradskom i seoskom području. U: Valić F, Šega K, urednici. Treći hrvatski znanstveno-stručni skup "Zaštita zraka '01"; 26.-29. rujna 2001.; Šibenik. Zagreb: Hrvatsko udruženje za zaštitu zraka; 2001. str. 233-9.Search in Google Scholar

Menichini E, Monfredini F, Merli F. The temporal variability of the profile of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban air: a study in a medium traffic area in Rome, 1993-1998. Atmos Environ 1999;33:3739-50.10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00114-4Search in Google Scholar

Šišović A, Vađić V, Godec R, Šilović Hujić M, Jakovljević I, Pehnec G. Mjerenje razina PAU u Zagrebu. U: Šega K, urednik. Sedmi hrvatski znanstveno-stručni skup "Zaštita zraka '11". 13.-17. rujna 2011.; Šibenik. Zagreb: Hrvatsko udruženje za zaštitu zraka; 2011. str. 116-7.Search in Google Scholar

Šišović A, Vađić Ž, Šega K, Bešlić I, Vađić V. Usporedba masenih koncentracija PAU mjerenih u različitim veličinama lebdećih čestica. Gospodarstvo i okoliš 2004;65:590-3.Search in Google Scholar

Jakovljević I, Šišović A, Pehnec G, Vađić V. Masene koncentracije PAU u PM10, PM2.5 i PM1 frakcijama lebdećih čestica u zraku. U. Šega K, urednik. Sedmi hrvatski znanstveno-stručni skup "Zaštita zraka '11"; 13.-17. rujna 2011.; Šibenik. Zagreb: Hrvatsko udruženje za zaštitu zraka; 2011. str. 118-9.Search in Google Scholar

Park JS, Wade TL, Sweet S. Atmopheric distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and deposition to Galveston Bay, Texas, USA. Atmos Environ 2001;35:3241-9.10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00080-2Search in Google Scholar

Bourotte C, Forti MC, Taniquchi S, Bicego MC, Lotufo PA. A wintertime study of PAHs in fine and coarse aerosols in São Paulo city, Brazil. Atmos Environ 2005;39:3799-811.10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.02.054Search in Google Scholar

Brits E, Schoeters G, Verschaeve L. Genotoxicity of PM10 and extracted organics collected in an industrial, urban and rural area in Flanders, Belgium. Environ Res 2004;96:109-18.10.1016/j.envres.2004.03.006Search in Google Scholar

Mielke HW, Wang G, Gonzales CR, Le B, Quach VN, Mielke PW. PAH and metal mixtures in New Orleans soils and sediments. Sci Total Environ 2001;281:217-27.10.1016/S0048-9697(01)00848-8Search in Google Scholar

English, Slovenian
Publication timeframe:
4 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Medicine, Basic Medical Science, other