1. bookVolume 1 (2017): Issue s1 (October 2017)
    EBTNA Utility Gene Test on Ophthalmology
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2564-615X
First Published
30 Jan 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Genetic testing for non syndromic retinitis pigmentosa

Published Online: 27 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 1 (2017) - Issue s1 (October 2017) - EBTNA Utility Gene Test on Ophthalmology
Page range: 92 - 95
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2564-615X
First Published
30 Jan 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

We reviewed the scientific literature and disease guidelines in order to summarize the clinical utility of genetic testing for non syndromic retinitis pigmentosa (NSRP). NSRP is determined by variations in the ABCA4, AGBL5, ARL2BP, ARL6, BBS2, BEST1, C2orf71, C8orf37, CA4, CDHR1, CERKL, CLRN1, CNGA1, CNGB1, CRB1, CRX, DHDDS, EYS, FAM161A, FSCN2, GUCA1B, HGSNAT, IDH3B, IFT140, IFT172, IMPDH1, IMPG2, KIZ, KLHL7, LRAT, MAK, MERTK, NEK2, NR2E3, NRL, OFD1, PDE6A, PDE6B, PDE6G, POMGNT1, PRCD, PROM1, PRPF3, PRPF31, PRPF4, PRPF6, PRPF8, PRPH2, RBP3, RDH12, RGR, RHO, RLBP1, ROM1, RP1, RP2, RP9, RPE65, RPGR, SAG, SEMA4A, SLC7A14, SNRNP200, SPATA7, TOPORS, TTC8, TULP1, USH2A, ZNF408 and ZNF513 genes. Its overall prevalence is 1 per 4000. It is mostly inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, fewer genes have autosomal dominant or X-linked recessive transmission. Clinical diagnosis is based on clinical findings, ophthalmological examination, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp biomicroscopy, fundus autofluorescence, electroretinography, color vision testing and optical coherence tomography. The genetic test is useful for confirming diagnosis, and for differential diagnosis, couple risk assessment and access to clinical trials.

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