1. bookVolume 1 (2017): Issue s1 (October 2017)
    EBTNA Utility Gene Test on Ophthalmology
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2564-615X
First Published
30 Jan 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Genetic testing for infantile nystagmus

Published Online: 27 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 1 (2017) - Issue s1 (October 2017) - EBTNA Utility Gene Test on Ophthalmology
Page range: 57 - 59
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2564-615X
First Published
30 Jan 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

We studied the scientific literature and disease guidelines in order to summarize the clinical utility of genetic testing for infantile nystagmus (IN). Forms of IN associated with variations in CACNA1F, FRMD7 and GPR143 genes have X-linked recessive inheritance, whereas variations in SLC38A8, TYR and TYRP1 genes have an autosomal recessive inheritance and variations in COL11A1, CRYBA1 and PAX6 genes have an autosomal dominant inheritance. The prevalence of all forms of IN is estimated to be 1 in 5000. Clinical diagnosis is based on clinical findings, age of onset, family history, ophthalmological examination, fundoscopy, electroretinography, optical coherence tomography, slit lamp examination and visual evoked potentials. The genetic test is useful for confirming diagnosis, and for differential diagnosis, couple risk assessment and access to clinical trials.

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