1. bookVolume 26 (2021): Issue 1 (March 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2719-9452
First Published
01 Jan 2006
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English, Polish
access type Open Access

Poland’s Stance on the Refugee and Migration Crisis in the European Union

Published Online: 20 Jul 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 26 (2021) - Issue 1 (March 2021)
Page range: 85 - 103
Received: 01 Mar 2021
Accepted: 11 Mar 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2719-9452
First Published
01 Jan 2006
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English, Polish
Abstract

The increased influx of refugees into Europe in 2015 put a strain on Europe’s common asylum system. The European Union was faced with the challenge of solving this urgent problem, and was forced to take interim measures. In September 2015, the Council took two decisions: the first to relocate 40,000 applicants and the second to relocate 120,000 applicants to Member States. The relocation decisions were based on the principles of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility as expressed in Article 80 of the TFEU. Member States retain the right to refuse to relocate an applicant only where there are reasonable grounds for regarding him or her as a danger to their national security or public order. However, states cannot, on the basis of security considerations, arbitrarily decide not to fulfill the obligations arising from the relocation decisions. Poland’s stance on the solutions adopted by the EU has evolved; the changes were dictated by internal as well as external factors.

Keywords

Brière Ch., Defining the Offence of Migrant Smuggling: When the Migration Crisis Revives Old Debates, in: E. Kużelewska, A. Weatherburn, D. Kloza, eds., Irregular Migration as Challenge for Democracy, Cambridge-Antwerp-Portland 2018. Search in Google Scholar

Capicchiano Young S., Dublin IV and EXCOM: Aspirational Blunders and Illusive Solidarity, “European Journal of Migration and Law” 19 (2017).10.1163/15718166-12340014 Search in Google Scholar

Dobrowolska-Polak J., Turcja, Unia Europejska i uchodźcy. Porozumienia w sprawie zarządzania kryzysem migracyjnym, “Biuletyn Instytutu Zachodniego” Special series “Uchodźcy w Europie” 2016, no. 229. Search in Google Scholar

Doliwa-Klepacka A., Case Comment - Joined Cases C-643/15 and C-647/15 Slovak Republic and Hungary v. Council of the European Union, 6 September 2017, “Polish Review of International and European Law” 2019, vol. 8, issue 2.10.21697/priel.2019.8.2.07 Search in Google Scholar

European Commission, Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council and the Council, Fourteenth report on relocation and resettlement, COM (2017) 405 final, 26 July 2017, https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/sites/homeaffairs/files/what-we-do/policies/european-agenda-migration/20170726_fourteenth_report_on_relocation_and_resettlement_en.pdf. Search in Google Scholar

Grahl-Madsen A., The Status of Refugees in International Law, Leyden 1966. Search in Google Scholar

Greenhill K. M., Open Arms Behind Barred Doors: Fear, Hypocrisy and Policy Schizophrenia in the European Migration Crisis, “European Law Journal” 2016, vol. 22, no. 3.10.1111/eulj.12179 Search in Google Scholar

Handbook on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status under the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees HCR/IP/4/Eng/REV.1 Reedited, Geneva, January 1992, UNHCR 1979, https://www.unhcr.org/4d93528a9.pdf. Search in Google Scholar

Ineli-Ciger M., Time to Activate the Temporary Protection Directive. Why the Directive can Play a Key Role in Solving the Migration Crisis in Europe, European Journal of Migration and Law 18 (2016).10.1163/15718166-12342088 Search in Google Scholar

Kogovšek Šalamon N., The Principle of Solidarity in Asylum and Migration within the Context of the European Union Accession Process, “Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law” 2017, no. 24.10.1177/1023263X17742814 Search in Google Scholar

Küçük E., The Principle of Solidarity and Fairness in Sharing Responsibility: More than Window Dressing?, “European Law Journal” 2016, no. 22.10.1111/eulj.12185 Search in Google Scholar

Miglio A., Solidarity in EU Asylum and Migration Law: A Crisis Management Too or a Structural Principle?, in: E. Kużelewska, A. Weatherburn, D. Kloza, eds., Irregular Migration as Challenge for Democracy, Cambridge-Antwerp-Portland 2018. Search in Google Scholar

Mik C., Solidarność w prawie Unii Europejskiej. Podstawowe problemy teoretyczne (in:) C. Mik (ed.), Solidarność jako zasada działania Unii Europejskiej, Toruń 2009. Search in Google Scholar

Mikołajczyk B., Mechanizm dubliński na rozdrożu – uwagi w związku z pracami nad rozporządzeniem Dublin IV, “Europejski Przegląd Sądowy” 2018, no. 3. Search in Google Scholar

Morano-Foadi S., Solidarity and Responsibility: Advancing Humanitarian Responses to EU Migratory Pressures, “European Journal of Migration and Law” 2017, no. 19.10.1163/15718166-12340011 Search in Google Scholar

EU and ... the migration crisis, https://op.europa.eu/webpub/com/factsheets/migration-crisis/pl/. Search in Google Scholar

Pędziwiatr K., Legut A., Polskie rządy wobec unijnej strategii na rzecz przeciwdziałania kryzysowi migracyjnemu; https://www.academia.edu/30941600/Polskie_rz%C4%85dy_wobec_unijnej_strategii_na_rzecz_przeciwdzia%C5%82ania_kryzysowi_migracyjnemu. Search in Google Scholar

Prime Minister Beata Szydło: We will do everything to make Poles feel safe, 16 November 2015; https://www.premier.gov.pl/wydarzenia/aktualnosci/premier-beata-szydlo-zrobimy-wszystko-aby-polacy-czuli-sie-bezpiecznie.html. Search in Google Scholar

Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz: Poland is and will be safe, pro-European, and tolerant, 20 September 2015, https://www.premier.gov.pl/wydarzenia/aktualnosci/premier-ewa-kopacz-polska-jest-i-bedzie-bezpieczna-proeuropejska-i.html. Search in Google Scholar

Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz: “Poland will accept 2000 refugees. This is an expression of European solidarity,” 21 July 2015, https://www.premier.gov.pl/wydarzenia/aktualnosci/premier-ewa-kopacz-polska-przyjmie-2000-uchodzcow-to-wyraz-solidarnosci.html. Search in Google Scholar

European Council, Press Release, Extraordinary European Council Meeting (23 April 2015), https://www.consilium.europa.eu/pl/press/press-releases/2015/04/23/special-euco-statement/. Search in Google Scholar

European Council, Conclusions, European Council Meeting (25 and 26 June 2015), EUCO 22/15, https://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-22–2015–INIT/pl/pdf. Search in Google Scholar

European Council, Conclusions, European Council Meeting (28 June 2018), EUCO 9/18, https://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-9–2018–INIT/pl/pdf. Search in Google Scholar

European Council, EU-Turkey Statement, 18 March 2016, https://www.consilium.europa.eu/pl/press/press-releases/2016/03/18/eu-turkey-statement/. Search in Google Scholar

Sejm of the Republic of Poland, Exposé of Prime Minister Beata Szydło - transcript, Sejm, 18 November 2015; https://www.premier.gov.pl/expose-premier-beaty-szydlo-stenogram.html. Search in Google Scholar

Stolarczyk M., Stanowisko Polski wobec kryzysu migracyjno-uchodźczego Unii Europejskiej, “Krakowskie Studia Międzynarodowe” 2017, no. 2. Search in Google Scholar

Thym D. and Tsourdi E. (L.), Searching for solidarity in the EU asylum and border policies: Constitutional and operational dimensions, “Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law” 2017, no. 24.10.1177/1023263X17741273 Search in Google Scholar

Wierzbicki B., Uchodźcy w prawie międzynarodowym, Warsaw 1993. Search in Google Scholar

Wróbel I., Tymczasowy mechanizm relokacji osób ubiegających się o ochronę tymczasową jako gwarancja prawa do azylu w Unii Europejskiej – glosa do wyroku Trybunału Sprawiedliwości z 6.09.2017 r. sprawy połączone C-643/15 i C-647/15, Republika Słowacka i Węgry przeciwko Radzie Unii Europejskiej, “Europejski Przegląd Sądowy 2017, no. 12. Search in Google Scholar

Zdanowicz M., Rozporządzenia Dublin II i Dublin III z polskiej perspektywy (inJ L. Brodowski, D. Kuźniar-Kwiatek (eds.), Unia Europejska a prawo międzynarodowe. Księga pamiątkowa dedykowana Prof. Elżbiecie Dyni, Rzeszów 2015. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo