1. bookVolume 63 (2014): Issue 1-6 (December 2014)
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2509-8934
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22 Feb 2016
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Association mapping for resin yield in Pinus roxburghii Sarg. using microsatellite markers

Published Online: 01 Jun 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 63 (2014) - Issue 1-6 (December 2014)
Page range: 253 - 266
Received: 27 May 2014
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Association mapping is a method for detection of gene effects based on linkage disequilibrium (LD) that complements QTL analysis in the development of tools for molecular plant breeding. A total of 240 genotypes of Pinus roxburghii (Himalayan Chir Pine) from a natural population in Chakrata division (Tiunee range), Uttarakhand (India) were evaluated for resin yield. Based on the phenotypic data and stable resin production in consecutive years, 53 genotypes were selected after excluding the individuals with similar resin production. The selected 53 individuals were best representatives of the variation in resin yield in Chakrata population which varied between 0.25 and 8.0 kg/tree/year and were used for genotyping and association analysis using SSR markers. Out of 80 primers initially screened, a total of 19 polymorphic SSRs (11 cpSSR and 8 nSSR) were used in the study. Model based clustering using 19 polymorphic SSR markers identified five subpopulations among these genotypes. LD was evaluated using the entire population. The squared allele frequency correlation, r2 was estimated for each pair of SSR loci. The comparison wise significance (p-values) of SSR marker pairs was determined by performing 100,000 permutations. The genetic divergence ranged from 50 to 100%. The UPGMA based hierarchial clustering grouped the genotypes in accordance with their resin yield. Model based clustering suggested the existence of five subpopulations in the sample. However, the distribution of P. roxburghii genotypes into five subpopulations had no correlation with their resin yield thus ruling out the possibility of any ancestral relationship among the genotypes with similar resin yield. AMOVA suggested that the variation among P. roxburghii genotypes at the molecular level was related with the variation in resin yield and not their site of collection thus highlighting the genetic basis of the trait. LD based association analysis revealed two chloroplast SSRs Pt71936 and Pt87268 and one nuclear SSR pm09a to be in significant association with resin yield. The two associated chloroplast SSRs showed significant LD (p<0.01). One of the chloroplast SSR Pt87268 showing association with resin yield was also found to be in significant LD with the nuclear SSR pm07, further showing the probability of this marker also to be associated with resin yield.

Keywords

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