1. bookVolume 62 (2013): Issue 1-6 (December 2013)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Genetic analysis and clonal stability of two yellow cypress clonal populations in British Columbia

Published Online: 01 Jul 2017
Page range: 173 - 186
Received: 19 Nov 2012
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Genetic analysis of height and form at age 12 years of 697 yellow cypress (Callitropsis nootkatensis [D. Don] Oerst.) clones tested across seven sites in coastal British Columbia (BC) were explored in populations: Population 1 - No Pedigree and Population 2 - Reconstructed Pedigree. Genetic variances were statistically significant but generally higher σ̂g2 was observed for Population 2. Height and form were under low to moderate genetic control as indicated by clonal repeatability and estimates were relatively similar between populations. For example, average Ĥ2 in Population 2 was 0.31 for height (range: 0.18-0.45) and 0.22 for form (range: 0.06-0.32). While average Ĥ2 in Population 1 was 0.25 for height (range: 0.19-0.35) and 0.18 for form (range: 0.09-0.27). The reconstructed pedigree in Population 2 allowed partitioning the genetic variance (σ̂g2) into component parts of additive (σ̂a2), specific combining ability (σ̂s2 ), and clone (σ̂c2 ); however, general lack of structure within the population resulted in variance components to be estimated with little precision for additive and specific combining ability. The majority of genetic variation was associated with clone for both traits. For example, σ̂c2 accounted for 57.6% and 62.5% of the total genetic variance for height and form, respectively. Growth and form responses of clones across test environments were relatively stable and overall type-B genetic correlations were in excess of 0.8 for both traits implying clones selected for production populations should respond favorably across the seed planning zone for yellow cypress in coastal BC.

Keywords

ADAMS, W. T., D. B. NEALE and C. A. LOOPSTRA (1988): Verifying controlled crosses in conifer tree improvement programmes. Silvae Genet 37: 147-152.Search in Google Scholar

ANDERSON, E. D., J. N. OWENS, A. M. COLANGELI and J. H. RUSSELL (2002): Challenges facing Chamaecyparis nootkatensis seed orchards: low seed production, pollencone abortion, self-pollination, and accelerated embryo development. Can J For Res 32: 1411-1419.10.1139/x02-070Search in Google Scholar

ASKEW, G. R. and Y. A. EL-KASSABY (1994): Estimation of relationship coefficients among progeny derived from wind-pollinated orchard seeds. Theor Appl Genet 88: 267-272.10.1007/BF0022590824185937Search in Google Scholar

BALTUNIS, B. S. and J. T. BRAWNER (2010): Clonal stability in Pinus radiata across New Zealand and Australia. I. Growth and form traits. New For 40(3): 305-322.Search in Google Scholar

BALTUNIS, B. S., D. A. HUBER, T. L. WHITE, B. GOLDFARB and H. E. STELZER (2007): Genetic gain from selection for rooting ability and early growth in vegetatively propagated clones of loblolly pine. Tree Genet Genomes 3: 227-238.10.1007/s11295-006-0058-9Search in Google Scholar

BALTUNIS, B. S., T. A. MARTIN, D. A. HUBER and J. M. DAVIS (2008): Inheritance of foliar stable carbon isotope discrimination and third-year height in Pinus taeda clones on contrasting sites in Florida and Georgia. Tree Genet Genomes 4: 797-807.10.1007/s11295-008-0152-2Search in Google Scholar

BALTUNIS, B. S., H. X. WU, H. S. DUNGEY, T. J. MULLIN and J. T. BRAWNER (2009): Comparisons of genetic para - meters and clonal value predictions from clonal trials and seedling base population trials of radiata pine. Tree Genet Genomes 5: 269-278.10.1007/s11295-008-0172-ySearch in Google Scholar

BLONK, J. W., H. KOMEN, A. KAMSTRA and J. A. M. VAN ARENDONK (2010): Estimating breeding values with molecular relatedness and reconstructed pedigrees in natural mating populations of common sole, Solea solea. Genetics 184: 213-219.10.1534/genetics.109.110536280440419858283Search in Google Scholar

BURDON, R. D. (2008): Short note: coefficients of variation in variables with bounded scales. Silvae Genet 57: 179-180.10.1515/sg-2008-0027Search in Google Scholar

BURNS, R. M. and B. H. HONKALA (tech. Coords.) (1990): Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods. Agriculture Handbook 654. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, D.C.Search in Google Scholar

COMSTOCK, R. E. and R. H. MOLL (1963): Genotype-environment interactions. In: HANSON, R. E. and H. F. ROBINSON (eds), Pub. 982, Statistical genetics and plant breeding. NAS-NRC. Washington, DC, Pp. 164-194.Search in Google Scholar

COSTA E SILVA, J., N. M. G. BORRALHO and B. M. POTTS (2004): Additive and nonadditive genetic parameters from clonally replicated and seedling progenies of Eucalyptus globulus. Theor Appl Genet 108: 1113-1119.10.1007/s00122-003-1524-515067398Search in Google Scholar

DOERKSEN, T. K. and C. M. HERBINGER (????): Male reproductive success and pedigree error in red spruce openpollinated and polycross mating systems. Can J For Res 38(7): 1742-1749.10.1139/X08-025Search in Google Scholar

DOERKSEN, T. K. and C. M. HERBINGER (2010): Impact of reconstructed pedigrees on progeny-test breeding values in red spruce. Tree Genet Genomes 6: 591-600.10.1007/s11295-010-0274-1Search in Google Scholar

EL-KASSABY, Y. A., T. FUNDA and B. S. K. LAI (2010): Female reproductive success variation in a Pseudotsuga menziesii seed orchard as revealed by pedigree reconstruction from a bulk seed collection. J Heredity 10(2): 164-168.10.1093/jhered/esp12620080805Search in Google Scholar

EL-KASSABY, Y. A. and M. LSTIBUREK (2009): Breeding without breeding. Genetics Research 91: 111-120.10.1017/S001667230900007X19393127Search in Google Scholar

EL-KASSABY, Y. A., J. MAZE, D. A. MACLEOD and S. BANERJEE (1991): Reproductive cycle plasticity in yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis). Can J For Res 21: 1360-1364.10.1139/x91-192Search in Google Scholar

ERICSSON, T. (1999): The effect of pedigree error by misidentification of individual trees on genetic evaluation of a full-sib experiment. Silvae Genet 48: 239-242.Search in Google Scholar

FUNDA, T., C. LIEWLAKSANEEYANAWIN, I. FUNDOVA, B. S. K. LAI, C. WALSH, A. VAN NIEJENHUIS, C. COOK, H. GRAHAM, J. WOODS and Y. A. EL-KASSABY (2011): Congruence between parental reproductive investment and success determined by DNA-based pedigree reconstruction in conifer seed orchards. Can J For Res 41(2): 380-389.10.1139/X10-190Search in Google Scholar

GASPAR, M. J., A. I. DE LUCAS, R. ALIA, J. A. P. PAIVA, E. HIDALGO, J. LOUZADA, H. ALMEIDA and S. C. GON - ZALEZ-MARTINEZ (2009): Use of molecular markers for estimating breeding parameters: a case study in a Pinus pinaster Ait. progeny trial. Tree Genet Gemones 5: 609-616.10.1007/s11295-009-0213-1Search in Google Scholar

GELDERMANN, H., U. PIEPER and W. E. WEBER (1986): Effect of misidentification on the estimation of breeding values and heritability in cattle. J Anim Sci 63: 1759-1768.10.2527/jas1986.6361759x3818457Search in Google Scholar

GILMOUR, A. R., B. J. GOGEL, B. R. CULLIS and R. THOMPSON (2009): ASReml User Guide Release 3.0. VSN International Ltd, Hemel Hempstead, HP1 1ES, UK.Search in Google Scholar

GRATTAPAGLIA, D., V. J. RIBEIRO and G. D. S. P. REZENDE (2004): Retrospective selection of elite parent trees using paternity testing with microsatellite markers: an alternative short term breeding tactic for Eucalyptus. Theor Appl Genet 109: 192-199.10.1007/s00122-004-1617-915004676Search in Google Scholar

HAK, O. and J. H. RUSSELL (2004): Environmental effects on yellow-cedar pollen quality. BC Forest Genetics Council Ext. Notes #5.Search in Google Scholar

HANSEN, O. K. and L. V. MCKINNEY (2010): Establishment of a quasi-field trial in Abies nordmanniana - test of a new approach to forest tree breeding. Tree Genet Genomes 6: 345-355.10.1007/s11295-009-0253-6Search in Google Scholar

HAWKINS, B. J., J. RUSSELL and J. T. ARNOTT (2001): Cold hardiness of yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis (D. Don) Spach). In: BIGRAS, F. J. and S. J. COLOMBO (eds), Conifer Cold Hardiness. Kluwer Academic Publishers.10.1007/978-94-015-9650-3_19Search in Google Scholar

HERBINGER, C. M., P. T. O’REILLY and E. VERSPOOR (2006): Unravelling first-generation pedigrees in wild endangered salmon populations using molecular genetic markers. Mol Ecol 15: 2261-2275. 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.02923.x16780439Search in Google Scholar

ISIK, F., B. GOLDFARB, A. LEBUDE, B. LI and S. MCKEAND (2005): Predicted genetic gains and testing efficiency from two loblolly pine clonal trials. Can J For Res 35: 1754-1766.10.1139/x05-064Search in Google Scholar

ISIK, K. and J. KLEINSCHMIT (2003): Stability-related parameters and their evaluation in a 17-year old Norway spruce clonal test series. Silvae Genet 52: 133-139.Search in Google Scholar

KANZLER, A., S. F. HAGEDORN, G. R. HODGE and W. S. DVORAK (2003): Genotype by environment interaction for volume growth at 6 years of age in a series of five Pinus patula progeny trials in southern Africa. Southern African Forestry Journal 198: 3-15.10.1080/20702620.2003.10431730Search in Google Scholar

KARLSSON, I. K. and J. H. RUSSELL (1990): Comparison of yellow cypress trees of seedling and rooted cutting origins after 9 and 11 years in the field. Can J For Res 29: 37-42.10.1139/x90-006Search in Google Scholar

KOO, Y. B., J. K. YEO, K. S. WOO and T. S. KIM (2007): Selection of superior clones by stability analysis of growth performance in Populus davidiana Dode at age 12. Silvae Genet 56(3-4): 93-101.10.1515/sg-2007-0015Search in Google Scholar

LAI, B. S. K., T. FUNDA, C. LIEWLAKSANEEYANAWIN, J. KLAPSTE, A. VAN NIEJENHUIS, C. COOK, M. U. STOEHR, J. WOODS and Y. A. El-Kassaby (2010): Pollination dynamics in a Douglas-fir experimental population as revealed by pedigree reconstruction. Ann For Sci 67(8): 808.Search in Google Scholar

LAMBETH, C. C. (1980): Juvenile-mature correlations in Pinaceae and implications for early selection. For Sci 26: 571-580.Search in Google Scholar

LAMBETH, C., B. C. LEE, D. O’MALLEY and N. WHEELER (2001): Polymix breeding with parental analysis of progeny: alternative to full-sib breeding and testing. Theor Appl Genet 103: 930-943. 10.1007/s001220100627Search in Google Scholar

LERNER, I. M. (1958): The genetic basis of selection. Wiley, New York. Search in Google Scholar

LIBBY, W. J. and E. JUND (1962): Variance associated with cloning. Heredity 17: 533-540.10.1038/hdy.1962.55Search in Google Scholar

LIBBY, W. J. and R. M. RAUTER (1984): Advantages of clonal forestry. Heredity 17: 533-540.10.1038/hdy.1962.55Search in Google Scholar

LU, P. X., D. A. HUBER and T. L. WHITE (1999): Potential biases of incomplete linear models in heritability estimatation and breeding value prediction. Can J For Res 29: 724-736.10.1139/x99-047Search in Google Scholar

LYNCH, M. and B. WALSH (1998): Genetics and analysis of quantitative traits. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland.Search in Google Scholar

MASSAH, N. (2008): Genealogical relationship among members of selection and production populations of yellow- cedar (Callitropsis nootkatensis) in the absence of parental information. MSc Thesis. Forest Sciences, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC Canada. 48 pp.Search in Google Scholar

MASSAH, N., J. WANG, J. H. RUSSELL, A. VAN NIEJENHUIS and Y. A. EL-KASSABY (2010): Genealogical relationship among members of selection and production populations of yellow cedar (Callitropsis nootkatensis [D. Don] Oerst.) in the absence of parental information. J Hered 101(2): 154-163.Search in Google Scholar

MATHESON, A. C. and D. LINDGREN (1985): Gains from the clonal and the clonal seed-orchard options compared for tree breeding programs. Theor Appl Genet 77: 825-831.10.1007/BF0025206224247389Search in Google Scholar

MEIDINGER, D. and J. POJAR (1991): “Ecosystems of British Columbia.” British Columbia Ministry of Forests. Retrieved May 23, 2011 (http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Srs/Srs06.pdf).Search in Google Scholar

MULLIN, T. J., E. K. MORGENSTERN, Y. S. PARK and D. P. FOWLER (1992): Genetic parameters from a clonally replicated test of black spruce (Picea mariana). Can J For Res 22(1): 24-36.10.1139/x92-004Search in Google Scholar

NAMKOONG, G. (1966): Inbreeding effects on estimation of genetic additive variance. For Sci 12: 8-13.Search in Google Scholar

O’NEILL, G. A., J. H. RUSSELL, B. D. HOOGE, P. K. OTT and C. B. D. HAWKINS (2005): Estimating gains from genetic tests of somatic emblings of interior spruce. For Genet 12(1): 57-66.Search in Google Scholar

OWENS, J. N. and M. MOLDER (1974): Cone initiation and development before dormancy in yellow cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis). Can J Bot 52: 2075-2084.10.1139/b74-266Search in Google Scholar

OWENS, J. N. and M. MOLDER (1975): Pollination, female gametophyte, and embryo and seed development in yellow cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis). Can J Bot 53: 186-199.10.1139/b75-024Search in Google Scholar

OWENS, J. N. and M. MOLDER (1977): Cone induction in yellow cypres (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) by gibberellin A3 and the subsequent development of seeds within the induced cones. Can J For Res 7: 605-613.10.1139/x77-079Search in Google Scholar

PAWUK, W. H. (1993): Germination of Alaska-cedar seed. Tree Planter’s Notes 44: 21-24.Search in Google Scholar

RAYMOND, C. A. and G. NAMKOONG (1990): Optimising breeding zones: genetic flexibility or maximum value? Silvae Genet 39: 110-112.Search in Google Scholar

RUSSELL, J. H. (1992): Clonal forestry with yellow-cedar. In: AHUJA, M. R. and LIBBY, W. J. (eds), Clonal Forestry II: Conservation and Application. Springer-Verlag.10.1007/978-3-642-84813-1_11Search in Google Scholar

RUSSELL, J. H. and W. J. LIBBY (1986): Clonal testing efficiency: the trade-offs between clones tested and ramets per clone. Can J For Res 16: 925-930.10.1139/x86-164Search in Google Scholar

SHELBOURNE, C. J. A. (1992): Genetic gains from different kinds of breeding population and seed or plant production population. South Afr For J 160: 49-65.10.1080/00382167.1992.9630411Search in Google Scholar

SOKAL, R. R. and F. J. ROHLF (1995): Biometry. 3rd ed. WH Freeman, New York, New York. Search in Google Scholar

SQUILLACE, A. E. (1974): Average genetic correlations among offspring from open-pollinated forest trees. Silvae Genet 23: 149-156.Search in Google Scholar

THOMAS, S. C., D. W. COLTMAN and J. M. PALMERTON (2002): The use of marker-based relationship information to estimate the heritability of body weight in a natural population: a cautionary tale. J Evol Biol 15: 92-99.10.1046/j.1420-9101.2002.00372.xSearch in Google Scholar

THOMPSON, S. L., Y. BERUBE, A. BRUNEAU and K. RITLAND (2008): Three-gene identity coefficients demonstrate that clonal reproduction promotes inbreeding and spatial relatedness in yellow-cedar, Callitropsis nootkatensis. Evolution 62: 2570-2579.10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00470.x18647338Search in Google Scholar

WANG, X. R., T. TORIMARU, D. LINDGREN and A. FRIES (2010): Marker-based parentage analysis facilitates low input “breeding without breeding” strategies for forest trees. Tree Genet Genomes 6: 227-235.10.1007/s11295-009-0243-8Search in Google Scholar

WHITE, T. L., W. T. ADAMS and D. B. NEALE (2007): Forest genetics. CABI Publishing, CAB International, Wallingford, Oxfordshire.10.1079/9781845932855.0000Search in Google Scholar

WHITE, T. L., G. R. HODGE and G. L. POWELL (1993): Advanced-generation breeding strategy for slash pine in the southeastern United States. Silvae Genet 42: 359-371.Search in Google Scholar

WILSON, A. J., D. MCDONALD, H. K. MOGHARDAM, C. M. HERBINGER and M. M. FERGUSON (2003): Marker-assisted estimation of quantitative genetic parameters in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Genet Res 81: 145-156.10.1017/S0016672302006055Search in Google Scholar

YAMADA, Y. (1962): Genotype by environment interaction and genetic correlation of the same trait under different environments. Jpn J Genet 37: 498-509.10.1266/jjg.37.498Search in Google Scholar

YANCHUCK, A. D. (2001): A quantitative framework for breeding and conservation of forest tree genetic resources in British Columbia. Can J For Res 31: 566-576.10.1139/x00-133Search in Google Scholar

YE, T. Z., K. J. S. JAYAWICKRAMA and G. R. JOHNSON (2007): Efficiency of including first-generation information in second-generation ranking and selection: results of computer simulation. Tree Genet Genomes 3: 319-328.10.1007/s11295-006-0071-zSearch in Google Scholar

YU, Q. and P. PULKKINEN (2003): Genotype-environment interaction and stability in growth of aspen hybrid clones. For Ecol Manage 173: 25-35.10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00819-2Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo