1. bookVolume 60 (2011): Issue 1-6 (December 2011)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
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1 time per year
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English
access type Open Access

Genetic Variation and Tree Improvement of Konishii fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. var. konishii) in Taiwan

Published Online: 05 Aug 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 60 (2011) - Issue 1-6 (December 2011)
Page range: 196 - 205
Received: 23 Aug 2010
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

We analyzed a 21-year old progeny test of Konishii fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. var. konishii) involving 75 families. Tree height and diameter at breast height (DBH) were periodically recorded. At age 21, average height, DBH, and volume were 15.2 m, 20.2 cm, and 278 dm3, respectively. At this age, family accounted for 9, 12, and 11% of the total variance in height, DBH and volume, respectively. Also at age 21, individual tree heritability was 0.35, 0.49, and 0.45 for height, DBH and volume, respectively, and family heritability was 0.53, 0.69, and 0.66 for the three respective characteristics. The age trend for all genetic parameters was more stable for DBH than for height and volume. Family (backward) selection for DBH at age 21 resulted in a 9.6% gain and indirectly 5.1 and 21.0% gains for height and volume, respectively, compared to 5.2 and 20.1% gains for height and volume, respectively, when selection for these characteristics is done directly. DBH is an effective proxy trait for selection in growth. DBH is also less susceptible than height to typhoon damage, which frequently afflicts tree plantations in Taiwan. Therefore, DBH should be considered as the primary trait for selection for Konishii fir in Taiwan. Konishii fir is a genetically variable species despite its limited geographic range, and is fast growing which makes it a viable candidate species for tree improvement.

Keywords

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