1. bookVolume 58 (2009): Issue 1-6 (December 2009)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
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1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

The Effects of Drying Temperature and Method of Assessment on the Expression of Genetic Variation in Gross Shrinkage of Eucalyptus globulus Wood Samples

Published Online: 19 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 58 (2009) - Issue 1-6 (December 2009)
Page range: 252 - 261
Received: 26 Sep 2008
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Genetic variation in wood-sample gross shrinkage and basic density was examined in a Eucalyptus globulus base population trial growing in Tasmania, Australia. Gross shrinkage, which includes all components of shrinkage including collapse, was assessed in four ways (calliper- and visually-assessed tangential shrinkage, volumetric shrinkage and radial shrinkage) on samples dried at three temperatures (22°C, 60°C and 105°C). Significant differences between subraces were observed using all measures of gross shrinkage for two or more of the three drying treatments. Furthermore, significant additive genetic variation within subraces was observed in calliper- and visually-assessed gross shrinkage under two or more of the drying treatments, with narrowsense heritabilities greater than or equal to 0.35. There was no obvious trend in heritabilities or coefficients of additive genetic variation with drying temperature. Under the 105°C drying treatment, subrace correlations among calliper-, visually- and volume-assessed gross shrinkage were positive and very strong (≥ 0.97), while these measures were less strongly correlated with radial gross shrinkage at the subrace level (≤ 0.77). Withinsubrace genetic correlations among the first three measures were also strongly positive (≥ 0.95). These high genetic correlations suggest that different drying regimes and the calliper, visual and volume methods of assessment could be used interchangeably to select for reduced tangential gross shrinkage. Estimated subrace and genetic correlations between basic density and measures of gross shrinkage were universally negative (i.e. favourable), although not all were significantly different to zero.

Keywords

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