1. bookVolume 57 (2008): Issue 1-6 (December 2008)
Journal Details
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
access type Open Access

The Effect of Altitude on the Pattern of Gene Flow in the Endemic Canary Island Pine, Pinus canariensis

Published Online: 14 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 57 (2008) - Issue 1-6 (December 2008)
Page range: 357 - 363
Received: 08 Nov 2007
Journal Details
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year

Pinus canariensis is endemic to the western Canary Islands (NW coast of Africa), where it forms forest spanning an altitude from 500 to 2500 m. There are dramatic changes in environmental conditions (temperature, moisture and solar radiation) over short distances due to this elevation gradient in the Canary Island pine forest. Those differences in environmental conditions may lead to asynchronous flowering times among elevations. In this study we used nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites to characterize the genetic structure of two altitudinal transects on the southern slopes of Tenerife Island to test for genetic isolation among altitudes. Although significant differentiation among sites was detected, this differentiation was very low (FST = 0.013 with chloroplast markers, FST= 0.019 with nuclear markers) and appeared to be unrelated to altitude. The contrasting results between nuclear and chloroplast markers are also discussed in terms of statistical accuracy of markers and genome inheritance.


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