1. bookVolume 55 (2006): Issue 1-6 (December 2006)
Journal Details
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Open Access

Genetic Engineering in Conifer Plantation Forestry

Published Online: 19 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 55 (2006) - Issue 1-6 (December 2006)
Page range: 253 - 262
Received: 28 Aug 2006
Accepted: 25 Oct 2006
Journal Details
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year

In this review we examine the history and progression of conifer genetic engineering. The review includes the methods used, the conifer species transformed, the genes inserted and the regeneration of genetically engineered conifer trees. We cover both Biolistic® and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, and we detail transformation events with and without plant regeneration. We show that almost all conifer transformation work uses nptII as a selective marker, and very often uidA is included as a reporter gene. Further, we show that a range of genes that are of commercial interest for forest tree plantations have been introduced, such as herbicide resistance, insect resistance and those related to wood properties. We briefly discuss the future for biotechnology in the context of socially acceptable enhanced plantation forestry and under consideration of benefits and risks.


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