1. bookVolume 54 (2005): Issue 1-6 (December 2005)
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eISSN
2509-8934
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22 Feb 2016
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English
access type Open Access

Regional and Population-scale Influences on Genetic Diversity Partitioning within Costa Rican Populations of the Pioneer Tree Vochysia ferruginea Mart

Published Online: 19 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 54 (2005) - Issue 1-6 (December 2005)
Page range: 258 - 264
Received: 31 May 2005
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The neotropical pioneer species Vochysia ferruginea is locally important for timber and is being increasingly exploited. The sustainable utilisation of this species would benefit from an understanding of the level and partitioning of genetic diversity within remnant and secondary regrowth populations. We used data from total genome (amplified fragment length polymorphism, AFLP) and chloroplast genome markers to assay diversity levels within seven Costa Rican populations. Significant chloroplast differentiation between Atlantic and Pacific watersheds was observed, suggesting divergent historical origins for these populations. Contemporary gene flow, though extensive, is geographically constrained and a clear pattern of isolation by distance was detectable when an inter-population distance representing gene flow around the central Costa Rican mountain range was used. Overall population differentiation was low (FST = 0.15) and within-population diversity high, though variable (Hs = 0.16-0.32), which fits with the overall pattern of population genetic structure expected for a widespread, outcrossed tropical tree. However genetic diversity was significantly lower and differentiation higher for recently colonised and disturbed populations compared to that at more established sites. Such a pattern seems indicative of a pioneer species undergoing repeated cycles of colonisation and succession.

Keywords

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