1. bookVolume 54 (2005): Issue 1-6 (December 2005)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Low Cost Improvement of Coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) By Application of The Breeding Seed Orchard Approach in Denmark

Published Online: 19 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 54 (2005) - Issue 1-6 (December 2005)
Page range: 218 - 227
Received: 20 May 2005
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

An evaluation of a seedling seed orchard in Denmark of Coastal Douglas-fir showed variation between open pollinated families in their susceptibility to windthrow, height and diameter growth, stem straightness, number of forks at age 10 and bud burst at age 9. Individual narrow-sense heritability was 0.63 for bud burst, 0.40 for height and diameter, respectively, 0.48 for stem straightness, 0.20 for number of forks and 0.17 for windthrow susceptibility. Fast growing families were characterised by late bud burst, and poorer stem straightness. The approach of using seedling seed orchards in Denmark is discussed in relation to genetic gains, genetic diversity and risk of inbreeding. Predicted gains concerning a reduction of windthrow susceptibility were poor due to low genetic variability. In multi-trait selection scenarios aiming to improve growth, stem straightness and reducing windthrow susceptibility, the approach of using seedling seed orchards demonstrated that it might be possible to obtain gains in height above 5% combined with significant improvements of stem straightness while retaining an effective population size above 50.

Keywords

ADAMS, W. T. and J. C. BASTIEN (1994): Genetics of Second Flushing in a French Plantation of Coastal Douglas-fir. Silvae Genet. 43: 345-352.Search in Google Scholar

AKAIKE, H. (1973): Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle. 2nd Int. Symp. Information Theory, pp. 267-281 in Proc. 2nd International Symposium of Information Theory, edited by B. N.Search in Google Scholar

PETROV and F. CSAKI, Akadamiai Kiado, Budapest, Hungary. BARNES, R. D. (1995): The breeding seedling orchard in the multiple population breeding strategy. Silvae Genet. 44: 81-88.Search in Google Scholar

BECKER, W. A. (1984): Manual of quantitative genetics. 4. Ed. Academic Enterprises Pullman, Washington, U.S.A. 190 pp.Search in Google Scholar

BIROT, Y. and C. CHRISTOPHE (1983): Genetic structures and expected genetic gains from multitrait selection in wild populations of Douglas-fir and Sitka spruce. I. Genetic variation between and within populations. Silvae Genet. 32: 141-151.Search in Google Scholar

BURDON, R. D. and S. KUMAR (2004): Forwards versus backwards selection: trade-offs between expected genetic gain and risk avoidance. N. Z. J. For. Sci. 34: 3-21.Search in Google Scholar

CAMPBELL, R. K. (1979): Genecology of Douglas-fir in a watershed in the Oregon Cascades. Ecology 60: 1030-1050.10.2307/1936871Search in Google Scholar

CAMPBELL, R. K. (1986): Mapped genetic variation of Douglas-fir to guide seed transfer in southwest Oregon. Silvae Genet. 35: 85-96.Search in Google Scholar

COSTA E SILVA, J., G. W. DUTKOWSKI and A. R. GILMOUR (2001): Analysis of early tree height in forest genetic trials is enhanced by including a spatial correlated residual. Can. J. For. Res. 31: 1887-1893.Search in Google Scholar

DE CHAMPS, J., J. L. FERRON, D. MICHAUD and N. SAVATIER (1982): Lecons a tirer de la tempete des 6-8 novembre 1982, Ann. Rech. Sylv. AFOCEL, France: 4-101.Search in Google Scholar

DUTKOWSKI, G. W., J. COSTA E SILVA, A. R. GILMOUR and G. A. LOPEZ (2002): Spatial analysis methods for forest genetic trials. Can. J. For. Res. 32: 2201-2214.Search in Google Scholar

FALCONER, D. S. (1989): Introduction to quantitative genetics, third ed., Longman Scientific and Technical, UK, 438 pp.Search in Google Scholar

GILMOUR, A. R., B. R. CULLIS and A. P. VERBYLA (1997): Accounting for natural and extranous variation in the analysis of field experiments. J. Agric. Biol. Environmen. Stat. 2: 269-293.10.2307/1400446Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

GILMOUR, A. R., B. R. CULLIS, S. J. WELHAM and R. THOMPSON (1999): ASReml Reference Manual. Agicultural Biometric Bulletin No. 3, Orange Australia.Search in Google Scholar

GILMOUR, A. R., B. J. GOGEL, B. R. CULLIS, S. J. WELHAM and R. THOMPSON (2002): ASReml User Guide Release 1.0 VSN International Ltd., Hemel Hempstead, HP11ES, UK. 267 pp.Search in Google Scholar

GWAZE, D. P., H. S. DUNGEY, M. J. DIETERS, P. G. TOON and D. G. NIKLES (2000): Interspecific pine hybrids. I. Genetic parameter estimates in Australia. Forest Genetics 7: 11-20.Search in Google Scholar

HANSEN, T. (1999): Impact of flowering phenology on the effective population number in a Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) clonal seed orchard. Manuscript inSearch in Google Scholar

HANSEN, T.: Impact of flowering phenology on the estimation of effective population numbers. MSc Thesis. 81 pp, The Royal Vet. and Agric University, Copenhagen.Search in Google Scholar

HENDERSON, C. R. (1984): Applications of linear models in animal breeding. University of Guelph, Canada, 462 pp.Search in Google Scholar

HENRIKSEN, H. A. (1988): Skoven og dens dyrkning, Dansk Skovforening, København, 664 pp.Search in Google Scholar

JOHNSON, G. R., R. A. SNIEZKO and N. L. MANDEL (1997): Age Trends in Douglas-fir Genetic Parameters and Implications for Optimum Selection Age. Silvae Genet. 46: 349-358.Search in Google Scholar

JOHNSTON, A. J., M. J. DIETERS, H. S. DUNGEY and H. M. WALLACE (2003): Intraspecific hybridization in Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis I. Performance for growth and form traits. Euphytica 129: 147-157.10.1023/A:1021916727281Search in Google Scholar

JØRGENSEN, B. B. (2001): Erfaringer om stormfasthed fra FSL’s langsigtede bevoksningsforsøg. Dansk Skovforenings Tidsskrift 86: 145-208.Search in Google Scholar

KANG, K. S., Y. A. EL-KASSABY, W. Y. CHOI, S. U. HAN and C. S. KIM (2003a): Genetic gain and diversity caused by genetic thinning in a clonal seed orchard of Pinus densiflora. Silvae Genet. 52: 220-223.Search in Google Scholar

KANG, K. S., E. D. KJÆR and D. LINDGREN (2003b): Balancing genetic diversity and nut production in Corylus avellana collections. Scand. J. For. Res. 18: 118-126.10.1080/02827580310003696Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

KJÆR, E. D., H. BARNER and A. M. D. ANDERSEN (1996): Undersøgelse af afkom fra tre danske douglasgranfrøplantager. Dansk Skovforenings Tidsskrift 81: 1-17.Search in Google Scholar

KJÆR, E. D. and H. WELLENDORF (1998): Studies on the effect of unequal flowering on the effective population number in Danish seed orchard crops. In: Proceedings from the meeting of the Nordic Group for the Management of Genetic Resources of Trees “The biotic and abiotic components of forest tree improvement and gene resource management”, held at Høsterkøb, Denmark. Forest Tree Improvement 26: 56-64. The Royal Vet. and Agric University, Copenhagen.Search in Google Scholar

KRUTZSCH, P. (1973): Norway spruce development of buds. Internal report. International Union of Forest Research Organizations,Vienna, IUFRO S2.02.11.Search in Google Scholar

LI, P. and W. T. ADAMS (1993): Genetic control of bud phenology in pole-size trees and seedlings of coastal Douglas-fir. Can. J. For. Res. 23: 1043-1051.Search in Google Scholar

LIEGEL L. H. (1984): Results of 5- to 6-yr-old provenance trials of Pinus oocarpa Schiede on eight sites in Puerto Rico. Silvae Genet. 33: 223-230.Search in Google Scholar

LINDGREN, D. and A. C. MATHESON (1986): An algorithm for increasing the genetic quality of seed from seed orchards by using the better clones in higher proportions. Silvae Genet. 35: 173-177.Search in Google Scholar

LINDGREN, D., W. S. LIBBY and F. L. BONDESSON (1989): Deployment to plantations of numbers and poportions of clones with special emphasis on maximizing gain at a constant level of diversity. Theor. Appl. Genet. 77: 825-831.Search in Google Scholar

LINDGREN, D., L. D. GEA and P. A. JEFFERSON (1996): Loss of genetic diversity monitored by status number. Silvae Genet. 45: 52-59.Search in Google Scholar

LINDGREN, D., L. D. GEA and P. A. JEFFERSON (1997): Status number for measuring genetic diversity. Forest Genetics 4: 1-8.Search in Google Scholar

NIELSEN, C. N. and J. K. HANSEN (1999): Functional aspects of root architecture and biomass allocation of six major european forest tree species (Short title “Treearch”). EU contract AIR3-CT93-1269. 299 pp.Search in Google Scholar

O’NEILL, G. A., S. N. AITKEN and W. T. ADAMS (2000): Genetic selection for cold hardiness in coastal Douglasfir seedlings and saplings, Can. J. For. Res. 30: 1799-1807.Search in Google Scholar

RODRIQUEZ, L. S. (2000): Balanced vs. slightly unbalanced selection. Heredity 84: 685-691.10.1046/j.1365-2540.2000.00715.x10886384Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

RUOTSALAINEN, S. and D. LINDGREN (1998): Predicting Genetic Gain of Backward and Forward Selection in Forest Tree Breeding. Silvae Genet. 47: 42-50.Search in Google Scholar

SAS Inst. Inc. (1999): SAS OnlineDoc® version eight, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA, http://v8doc.sas.com/sashtml.Search in Google Scholar

SCHERMANN, N., W. T. ADAMS, S. N. AITKEN and J. CH. BASTIEN (1997): Genetic Parameters of Stem Form Traits in a 9-Year-Old Coastal Douglas-fir Progeny Test in Washington. Silvae Genet. 46: 166-170.Search in Google Scholar

SILEN R. R., D. L. OLSON and J. C. WEBER (1993): Genetic variation in susceptibility to windthrow in young Douglas- fir. For. Ecol. Man. 61: 17-28. Search in Google Scholar

SIT, V. and M. POULIN-COSTELLO (1994): Catalog of curves for curve fitting. Biometrics Information Handbook Series, Handbook No. 4, Ministry of Forests Research Program, Ministry of Forest, BC, Canada. 110 pp.Search in Google Scholar

SPICER, R., B. L. GARTNER and R. L. DARBYSHIRE (2000): Sinuous stem growth in a Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) plantation: growth patterns and wood-quality effects. Can. J. For. Res. 30: 761-768.Search in Google Scholar

STEVENSON, J. F., B. J. HAWKINS and J. H. WOODS (1999): Spring and fall cold hardiness in wild and selected seed sources of coastal Douglas-fir, Silvae Genet. 48: 29-34.Search in Google Scholar

TELEWSKI, F. W. and M. J. JAFFE (1986): Thigmomorphogenesis: anatomical, morphological and mechanicalanalysis of genetically different sibs of Pinus taeda in response to mechanical perturbation. Physiol. Plant. 66: 219-226.Search in Google Scholar

TEMEL, F. and W. T. ADAMS (2000): Persistence and ageage genetic correlations of stem defects in coastal Douglas- fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco). Forest Genetics 7: 145-153.Search in Google Scholar

VARGAS-HERNANDEZ, J. J., W. T. ADAMS and D. G. JOYCE (2003): Quantitative Genetic Structure of Stem Form and Branching traits in Douglas-fir Seedlings and Implications for Early Selection. Silvae Genet. 52: 36-44.Search in Google Scholar

WADA, Y. and N. KASHIWAGI (1990): Selecting statistical models with information statistics. J. Dairy. Sci. 73: 3575-3582.Search in Google Scholar

WANG, T., S. N. AITKEN, J. H. WOODS, K. POLSSON and S. MAGNUSSEN (2004): Effects of inbreeding on coastal Douglas fir growth and yield in operational plantations: a model-based approach. Theor. Appl. Genet. 108: 1162-1171.Search in Google Scholar

WHITE, T. and G. HODGE (1989): Predicting Breeding Values with Applications in Forest Tree Improvement. Klüwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 367 pp.10.1007/978-94-015-7833-2Search in Google Scholar

WOODS, J. H., D. KOLOTELO and A. YANCHUK (1995): Early selection of coastal Douglas-fir in a farm-field test environment. Silvae Genet. 44: 178-186.Search in Google Scholar

WOODS, J. H., T. WANG and S. N. AITKEN (2002): Effects of inbreeding on coastal Douglas fir: nursery perfomance. Silvae Genet. 51: 163-170.Search in Google Scholar

WOOLASTON, R. R., P. J. KANOWSKI and D. G. NIKLES (1990): Genetic Parameter Estimates for Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis in Coastal Queensland, Australia. Silvae Genet. 39: 21-28.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo