1. bookVolume 54 (2005): Issue 1-6 (December 2005)
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Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
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1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Cone Yield Characterization of a Stone Pine (Pinus pinea L.) Clone Bank

Published Online: 19 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 54 (2005) - Issue 1-6 (December 2005)
Page range: 189 - 197
Received: 11 Apr 2005
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

In spite of the use of the edible kernels of Stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) gathered from Mediterranean pine forests, the species remains a genuine forest tree that has never been domesticated as an orchard crop. In the last decades, some efforts have been made to select valuable genotypes for exploring the possibilities of Stone pine as an orchard crop. The present paper characterizes the cone yield of a grafted clone bank in order to elucidate the relevance of genetic and environment factors for seed-yield quantity and quality and for sequential transition rates of the development from pollinated conelets to ripe cones. Individual tree size and cone yield were separated in their genetic and environmental components, in order to estimate phenotypic, genetic and environmental correlations. A statistical model for logtransformed individual cone yield was adjusted, ranking the tested genotypes by their estimated clonal value after adjustment for tree size covariables. The degree of genetic determination for adjusted cone yield was estimated in 15%, the expected genetic gain by selection of the top 10% of tested genotypes would be 12%. Genetic correlation between genetic values for cone yield and cone and seed size were weak but significantly positive (r = 0.27 and 0.17), hence the lack of trade-offs between crop quantity and quality will allow a combined selection.

Keywords

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