1. bookVolume 51 (2017): Issue 1-2 (December 2017)
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1805-286X
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20 Nov 2014
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English
access type Open Access

Cuticles from Pennsylvanan Marattialean Fern “Pecopteris” Polypodioides (C. Presl in Sternberg) Němejc from Pilsen Basin (Czech Republic) and Sydney Coalfield (Canada)

Published Online: 22 Aug 2018
Volume & Issue: Volume 51 (2017) - Issue 1-2 (December 2017)
Page range: 13 - 22
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1805-286X
First Published
20 Nov 2014
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Pennsylvanian fossil-fern cuticles are notoriously difficult to extract, little can be found in the palaeobotanical literature, yet they can supply significant taxonomic/systematic, phytostratigragphic, and palaeoenvironment information. This is demonstrated for cuticles from “Pecopteris” polypodioides of the coal basins in the Czech Republic and Canada. “Pecopteris” polypodioides is a marattialean tree fern which was part of the peat-forming flora, growing in a wet environment. Due to this fact, cuticles are generally very thin, and we assume that their major function was to reduce the ability of fungal spores to germinate and bacterial to grow, thereby reducing the possibility of these agents to cause disease. The secondary function was to be a major barrier to water loss and reducing the wettability of pinnules.

Keywords

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