Open Access

Environmental Consequences of Wildlife Tourism: The Use of Formalised Qualitative Models


The paper presents a simple qualitative model of environmental consequences of wildlife tourism. Qualitative models use just three values: Positive/Increasing, Zero/Constant and Negative/Decreasing. Such quantifiers of trends are the least information intensive. Qualitative models can be useful, since models of wildlife tourism include such variables as, for example, Biodiversity (BIO), Animals’ habituation to tourists (HAB) or Plant composition change (PLA) that are sometimes difficult or costly to quantify. Hence, a significant fraction of available information about wildlife tourism and its consequences is not of numerical nature, for example, if HAB is increasing then BIO is decreasing. Such equationless relations are studied in this paper. The model has 10 variables and 20 equationless pairwise interrelations among them. The model is solved and 15 solutions, that is, scenarios are obtained. All qualitative states, including the first and second qualitative derivatives with respect to time, of all variables are specified for each scenario.

Publication timeframe:
2 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry, Geosciences, Geography, Life Sciences, Ecology, other