1. bookVolume 10 (2016): Issue 2 (December 2016)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1802-4866
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Open Access

Shortfall of Strategic Governance and Strategic Management in the Czech Republic

Published Online: 30 Dec 2016
Volume & Issue: Volume 10 (2016) - Issue 2 (December 2016)
Page range: 30 - 47
Received: 12 Feb 2015
Accepted: 29 Sep 2016
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1802-4866
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The article analyses the problems of strategic governance and strategic management of the Czechoslovak Government, as well as the Government of the Czech Republic in the years 1989-2016. It seeks the causes and factors that have caused the low levels of strategic governance and strategic management at the level of the ministries of the Czech Republic. It examines the problem from genetic and historical perspective, and from the organizational and human capacity to exercise strategic governance. The study is based on two pieces of empirical research within the ministries of the Czech Republic. It identifies the main cause of failure of strategic governance and strategic management at the level of the central government of the Czech Republic. These include, in particular, the persistent distrust of the ideas of strategic governance and strategic management held by the right-wing governments and the generally low capacity of governments of the Czech Republic to engage in strategic governance. The organizational structure of the central state administration lacks the strategic units that generate ideas for supporting strategic governance. The empirical research of the ministries of the Czech Republic also revealed that policy workers in Czech ministries dedicate a large proportion of their work time to operational and administrative activities at the expense of analytical and strategic activities. The changes require implementation of reforms within the public administration, which (among other things) will eliminate the existing causes and inhibiting factors regarding the lack of strategic governance in the Czech Republic.

Keywords

Act no. 2/1969 Coll., on the establishment of ministries and other central government authorities of the Czech Republic, as amended.Search in Google Scholar

Aristovnik, A. & Seljak, J. (2009). Performance budgeting: selected international experiences and some lessons for Slovenia. MPRA Paper No. 15499, posted 4. June 2009 08:29 UTC. Retrieved from http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/15499/Search in Google Scholar

Arnstein, S. (1969). A Ladder of Citizen Participation. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 35 (4), 216-224.10.1080/01944366908977225Search in Google Scholar

Bouckaert, G., Nemec, J., Nakrošis, V., Hajnal, G. & Tõnnisson, K. (2009). Public Management Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe. Bratislava: NISPAcee Press.Search in Google Scholar

Colebatch, H. K., Hoppe, R., & Noordegraaf, M. (Eds.) (2010). Working for Policy. Amsterdam: University Press.10.5117/9789089642530Search in Google Scholar

Coombes, D. &Verheijen, T. (1997). Reforma verejnej správy: Porovnanie skúseností východu a západu [Public administration reform: comparison of West and East experience]. Bratislava: NISPAcee.Search in Google Scholar

De Vries, M. & Nemec, J. (2013). Public Sector reform: an overview of recent literature and research on NPM and alternative paths. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 26(1), 4-16.10.1108/09513551311293408Search in Google Scholar

Dunn, N.W., Staroňová, K. & Pushkarev, S. (2006). Implementation: The Missing Link in Public Administration Reform in Central and Eastern Europe. Bratislava: NISPAcee.Search in Google Scholar

Dror, Y. (2004). Strategic Brain for Central Government. In Potůček, M. (ed.). The Capacity to Govern in Central and Eastern Europe, pp. 15–27. Bratislava: NISPAcee.Search in Google Scholar

Evans, B. M. & Wellstead, A. (2013). Policy dialogue and engagement between non-governmental organizations and government: A survey of processes and instruments of Canadian policy workers. Central European Journal of Public Policy 7 (1), 60–87.Search in Google Scholar

Evans, B., Lum, J., & Shields, J. (2011). The State of Policy Capacity in Canada: Assessments from Senior Public Servants. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association May 16-18, 2011. Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario. Retrieved from: // https://www.cpsa-acsp.ca/papers-2011/Evans1.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Howlett, M. (2009). Policy analytical capacity and evidence-based policy-making: lessons from Canada. Canadian Public Administration, 52 (2), 153–173.10.1111/j.1754-7121.2009.00070_1.xSearch in Google Scholar

Howlett, M. (2011). Public Managers as the Missing Variable in Policy Studies: An Empirical Investigation Using Canadian Data. Review of Policy Research. 28(3), 247–263.10.1111/j.1541-1338.2011.00494.xSearch in Google Scholar

Forbes, D.P. & Milliken, F.J. (1999). Cognition and Corporate Governance: Understanding Boards of Directors as Strategic Decision-Making Groups. Academy of Management Review, 24 (3), 489-505.10.2307/259138Search in Google Scholar

Frič, P. & Nekola, M. (2011). Výzva čtvrtá: Elity a veřejnost [Challenge Four: Elites and the Public]. In Potůček, M. et al. Poznávání budoucnosti jako výzva [Cognition of the Future as a Challenge], pp. 55-80. Praha: Nakladatelství Karolinum.Search in Google Scholar

Ghosh, M. & John, G. (2005). Strategic Fit in Industrial Alliances: An Empirical Test of Governance Value Analysis. Journal of Marketing Research. Vol. XLII (August 2005), 346–357. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.714.2176&rep=rep1&type=pdf10.1509/jmkr.2005.42.3.346Search in Google Scholar

Governance for Human Development (2000). UNDP FRY: December.Search in Google Scholar

Hajek, F. A. (1944). The Road to Serfdom. London: George Routledge and Sons Ltd.Search in Google Scholar

Hajek, F. A. (1979). The Counter-Revolution of Science. Studies on the Abuse of Reason. Indianapolis: Liberty Press.Search in Google Scholar

Hajek, F. A. (1973). Law, Legislation and Liberty. London: Routleger Kegan Ltd.Search in Google Scholar

Harris, B. (2005). Strategic governance. Retrieved from http://www.nonprofitcenter.comSearch in Google Scholar

Immergut, E. M. (1998). The Theoretical Core of the New Institutionalism. Politics and Society, 26 (1), 5–34.10.1177/0032329298026001002Search in Google Scholar

Loorbach, D. (2010). Transition Management for Sustainable Development: A Prescriptive, Complexity-Based Governance Framework. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 23(1), 161–183.10.1111/j.1468-0491.2009.01471.xSearch in Google Scholar

Montenegro Meyer, L. & Bulgakov S. (2014). Reflection on Actor-Network Theory, Governance Networks, and Strategic Outcomes. Brazilian Administration Review., V. 11 (1), art 6, 107-124. Retrieved from http://www.anpad.org.br/bar.Search in Google Scholar

Mulgan, G. (2004). Strategy in Government. The United Kingdom Experience. In Potůček, M.(ed.). The Capacity to Govern in Central and Eastern Europe, pp. 33-62. Bratislava, NISPAcee.Search in Google Scholar

Nekola, M. & Kohoutek,, J. (2016). Policy work at the sub-national level: Analytical styles of Canadian and Czech directors and managers. Canadian Public Administration/Administration Publique du Canada. 59(2), 289–309.10.1111/capa.12170Search in Google Scholar

Novotný, V. & Nekola, M. 2010. Strategické řízení a teoretické přístupy k procesu tvorby veřejných politik (Strategic Management and Theoretical Approaches to Policy-making Process). In Ochrana, F. (Ed.), Drhová, Z., Frič, P., Nekola, M., Novotný, V., Potůček, M. Rašek, A., Simonová, J. & Veselý, A. Strategické řízení ve veřejné správě a přístupy k tvorbě politiky, pp. 61-87. 1. vyd. Praha: Matfyzpress.Search in Google Scholar

Nemec, J. (2010). New Public Management and its Implementation in CEE: What Do we Know and where Do we Go? NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy. 3 (1), 31-52.Search in Google Scholar

Niskanen, W.A. (1998). Policy Analysis and Public Choice. Selected Papers by William A. Niskanen. Cheltenham, UK – Northampton, MA, USA.Search in Google Scholar

Ochrana, F. &al. (2010). Strategické řízení ve veřejné správě a přístupy ke tvorbě politiky. [Strategic management in public administration and approaches towards policy-making]. Praha: Matfyzpress.Search in Google Scholar

Osborne, D. & Gaebler, T. (1993). Reinventing Government. How the Entrepreneurial Spirit is Transforming the Public Sector. New York: Penguin Books.Search in Google Scholar

Plaček, M., Půček, M., Ochrana, F. Křápek, M. & Matějová, L. (2016). Political Business Cycle in the Czech Republic: Case of Municipalities. Prague Economic Papers, 25(3), 304-320. doi:10.18267/j.pep.566.10.18267/j.pep.566Search in Google Scholar

Pollit, Ch. & Bouckaert, G. (2004). Public Management Reform. A Comparative Analysis. Second edition. Oxford: University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Potůček, M. (Ed.) (2004). The Capacity to Govern in Central and Eastern Europe. Bratislava, NISPAcee 2004.Search in Google Scholar

Potůček, M. & al. (2007). Strategické vládnutí a Česká republika. [Strategic Governance and the Czech Republic]. Praha: Grada.Search in Google Scholar

Potůček, M. & al. (2011). Poznávání budoucnosti jako výzva [Discovering Future as a Challenge]. Praha: Karolinum.Search in Google Scholar

Potůček, M. et al. (2016). Veřejná politika (Public policy). Praha: C.H. BeckSearch in Google Scholar

Potůček, M. & Přikryl J. (2007). Strategické vládnutí a Česká republika po roce 1989. [Strategic Governance and the Czech Republic after 1989]. In. Potůček, M. et al. Strategické vládnutí a Česká republika. (Strategic Governance and the Czech Republic), pp. 125-136. Praha: Grada.Search in Google Scholar

Rosenbaum, A., Nemec, J. & al. (2006). Democratic Governance in CEE Countries: Challenges and Responses for XXI Century. Bratislava: NISPAcee.Search in Google Scholar

Sabatier, P.A. & Jenkins-Smith, H.C. (1999). The Advocacy Coalition Framework: An Assessment, pp. 117-166. In Sabatier, P.A. (ed.) Theories of the Policy Process. First edition. Boulder (Col.): Westview Press.Search in Google Scholar

Sabatier, P.A. & Weible, Ch.M. (2007). The Advocacy Coalition Framework: Innovation and Clarifications. In Sabatier, P.A. (ed.). Theories of the Policy Process. Second edition, pp. 189–220. Boulder (Col.): Westview Press.Search in Google Scholar

Van Doeveren, N. (2011). Rethinking Good Governance. Public Integrity, 13(4), 301–318. Advance online publication. doi:10.2753/PIN1099-992213040110.2753/PIN1099-9922130401Search in Google Scholar

Veselý, A. (2013). Conducting large-N Surveys on Policy Work in Bureaucracies: Some Methodological Challenges and Implications from the Czech Republic. Central European Journal of Public Policy, 7(2), 88-113.Search in Google Scholar

Veselý, A. (2014). The Profile and Work of Officials in Central and Regional Administration Compared: The Case of the Czech Republic. NISPAcee Journal, 7(1), 107-128.10.2478/nispa-2014-0002Search in Google Scholar

Veselý, A., Wellstead, A., & Evans, B. (2014). Comparing sub-national policy workers in Canada and the Czech Republic: Who are they, what they do, and why it matters? Policy and Society, 33(2), 103-115.10.1016/j.polsoc.2014.04.005Search in Google Scholar

Vymětal, P. (2008). What is good governance about? The roots and the key elements of the concept. Working papers, 2(11), 5-17. Prague: Oeconomica. Faculty of International Relations. Wright, G. & Nemec, J. (Eds.) (2002). Public Management in the Central and Eastern European Transition: Concepts and Cases. Bratislava: NISPA.Search in Google Scholar

Commission of the European Communities (2001). Brussels, 25.7. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.ab.gov.tr/files/ardb/evt/1_avrupa_birligi/1_6_raporlar/1_1_white_papers/com2001_white_paper_european_governance.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

MMR ČR (2013) Metodika přípravy veřejných strategií [Methodology of preparation of public policies]. Praha: Ministerstvo pro místní rozvoj. Retrieved from: http://www.mmr.cz/getmedia/4ebb3cc7-6f5c-4f37-ad1f-97054a212483/metodika-pripravy-verejnych-strategii_listopad-2012.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

MV ČR (2007). Efektivní veřejná správa a přátelské veřejné služby, Strategie realizace Smart Administration v období 2007–2015. [Effective Public Administration and Friendly Public Services, Strategy of Implementation of Smart Administration in 2007–2015]. Praha: Ministertvo vnitra. Retrieved from: http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/verejna-sprava-dokumenty-modernizace-dokumenty.aspx.Search in Google Scholar

Místní Agenda 21 [Local Agenda 21]. Retrieved from: http://www1.cenia.cz/www/ma21Search in Google Scholar

UNESCAP (2008). What is good governance? United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. Retrieved from: http://www.unescap.org/resources/what-good-governance.Search in Google Scholar

Schuster, J.H., Smith, D.G., Corak, K.A. &Yamada, M.M. (1994). Strategic governance: How to Make Big Decisions Better. American Council on Education. Series on Higher Education: ORYX Press.Search in Google Scholar

Johnson, G., Langley, A., Mein, L.& Whittington, R. (2007). Strategy as practice: research directions and resources. New York: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511618925Search in Google Scholar

Wisser, M. (2016). Management control, accountability, and learning in public sector organizations: A critical analysis. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/297369634_Management_Control_Accountability_and_Learning_in_Public_Sector_Organizations_A_Critical_Analysis.Search in Google Scholar

The Civil Service Act no. 234/2014. Retrieved from: https://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2014-234.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo