1. bookVolume 17 (2017): Issue 3 (July 2017)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Comparative response of IgA and IgG activity and hematological parameters among four main beef-cattle breeds infected with gastrointestinal nematodes in the warm humid tropic of Mexico

Published Online: 01 Aug 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 17 (2017) - Issue 3 (July 2017)
Page range: 819 - 833
Received: 06 May 2016
Accepted: 09 Feb 2017
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This study determined the immunoglobulin (A and G) activity against gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) and also the hematological parameters in four beef-calf breeds naturally infected in a tropical region of Mexico. Thirty-six infected calves were used to determine the fecal nematode egg counts (FEC), the IgA and IgG activity in serum and saliva, the packed cell volume (PCV), the plasmatic protein (PP) and the differential leukocyte counts. These parameters were measured for a five-month period. ELISA assay was performed using adult worm crude antigen (AWCA) from Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Mecistocirrus digitatus and Cooperia punctata. The variables were analyzed using a fixed model according to the breed group. The FEC records (means ± standard deviation) for the different breeds were: Brangus (122±115), Charolais (391±507), Guzerat (294±326) and Brown Swiss (413±395). No statistical differences (P>0.05) were found among breeds. Cooperia and Haemonchus were the main identified genera in the coprocultures. Differences in hematological parameters were observed among breeds (P<0.01); Guzerat showed the highest PCV (42.6±4.7%). The lowest leukocyte counts were observed in the Charolais breed (9.2±2.4 × 109 cells L-1). Differences between Guzerat and Charolais were only detected in eosinophils, neutrophils and lymphocytes. Increased activity of IgA was observed against M. digitatus (21% OD) compared with the response against C. punctata in serum samples (13% OD). The lowest IgA activity in serum and saliva was found in Guzerat calves. Charolais and Brown Swiss showed the highest IgA activity in serum and the highest value in saliva was found in Brangus.

Keywords

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