1. bookVolume 40 (2019): Issue 182-183 (December 2019)
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eISSN
2199-6067
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21 Oct 2009
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4 times per year
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English
access type Open Access

Population dynamics and habitat use by Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus in agricultural landscape of Dravsko and Ptujsko polje (NE Slovenia)

Published Online: 29 Jan 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 40 (2019) - Issue 182-183 (December 2019)
Page range: 3 - 22
Received: 16 Jun 2020
Accepted: 07 Aug 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2199-6067
First Published
21 Oct 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The Northern Lapwing numbers across Europe are declining owing to its insufficient breeding success. To determine the size, dynamics and habitat use of the lapwing population at Dravsko and Ptujsko polje, a survey was carried out between 2016 and 2018. In 2016, 2017 and 2018, we recorded 148, 130, and 117 pairs, respectively. The population declined during the study and the population trend is uncertain. Approximately 12 to 21% of the national lapwing population was recorded at Dravsko and Ptujsko polje, making them one of the most important breeding areas in Slovenia. The majority of lapwings were found in bare tilled fields and fields with young spring crops that enable unbroken all-round views. Crop data analysis showed a significant preference for maize fields which are mostly bare tillage at the start of the incubation period and therefore act as an ecological trap for lapwings due to the time coincidence of the nesting period and farming operations. For the protection of the lapwing in Slovenia, we recommend a time limit of farming operations or avoiding individual nests while working in the field. Both measures are recommended to be implemented in combination with the provision of suitable foraging habitat for chicks. For greater effectiveness, we propose priority implementation of conser vation measures on traditiona l breeding sites.

Keywords

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