Otwarty dostęp

Modeling an Enhanced Modulation Classification Approach using Arithmetic Optimization with Deep Learning for MIMO-OFDM Systems


In a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) method, multiple antennas can be used on either the transmitter or receiver end to improve the system capacity, data throughput, and robustness. OFDM has been used as the modulation system that divides the data stream into multiple parallel low-rate subcarriers. MIMO enhances the system by utilizing spatial diversity and multiplexing abilities. Modulation classification in the MIMO-OFDM systems describes the process of recognizing the modulation scheme used by the communicated signals in a MIMO-OFDM communication system. This is a vital step in receiver design as it enables proper demodulation of the received signals. In this paper, an Enhanced Modulation Classification Approach using an Arithmetic Optimization Algorithm with Deep Learning (EMCA-AOADL) is developed for MIMO-OFDM systems. The goal of the presented EMCAAOADL technique is to detect and classify different types of modulation signals that exist in MIMO-OFDM systems. To accomplish this, the EMCA-AOADL technique performs a feature extraction process based on the Sevcik Fractal Dimension (SFD). For modulation classification, the EMCA-AOADL technique uses a Convolution Neural Network with Long Short-Term Memory (CNN-LSTM) approach. Finally, the hyperparameter values of the CNN-LSTM algorithm can be chosen by using AOA. To highlight the better recognition result of the EMCA-AOADL approach, a comprehensive range of simulations was performed. The simulation values illustrate the better results of the EMCA-AOADL algorithm.

Częstotliwość wydawania:
6 razy w roku
Dziedziny czasopisma:
Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Control Engineering, Metrology and Testing