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Effects of Fusarium wilt on Cotton Cultivars with and Without Meloidogyne incognita Resistance in Fields



Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) cultivar trials were conducted in four fields (6 trials total) with Meloidogyne incognita (Mi)/Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum (Fov) from 2019 to 2021. Cotton cultivars were divided into groups based on company/Mi resistance: S = susceptible to Mi; R-FM, R-DP, and R-PHY = resistance to Mi in FiberMax®, Deltapine®, and Phytogen® cultivars, respectively; ST 4946GLB2 (moderate resistance to Mi and observed field tolerance to Fov); and ST 5600B2XF (resistance to Mi). The S and R-FM groups had the highest transformed Mi densities LOG10(Mi + 1) (LMi = 3.22 and 3.01, respectively), while R-DP and R-PHY had the lowest LMi (2.21 and 1.85, respectively). Plant mortality (%) was higher for R-DP (28.1%) than for all other groups except ST 5600B2XF (24.8%). Mi-susceptible cultivars averaged 23.3% mortality. Relative yield (0-1 scale) was higher for ST 4946GLB2 (0.706) and R-PHY (0.635) than for R-DP (0.530), ST 5600B2XF (0.578), and S (0.491). All groups except R-DP averaged higher relative yield than the susceptible cultivars. ST 4946GLB2 had the lowest mortality (16.5%) and highest relative yield, while R-DP cultivars had the highest mortality and no difference in relative yield from the Mi-susceptible cultivars. The group of R-DP cultivars had excellent Mi resistance but were susceptible to Fov. No cultivars were identified with high resistance to Fov.

Frequenza di pubblicazione:
Volume Open
Argomenti della rivista:
Life Sciences, other