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First report on molecular identification of Anisakis simplex in Oncorhynchus nerka from the fish market, with taxonomical issues within Anisakidae



Alive anisakids cause acute gastrointestinal diseases, and dead worms contained in food can provoke sensibilization and allergic reactions in humans. Detected in the purchased minced salmon Oncorhynchus nerka nematodes were identified as Anisakis simplex sensu stricto (Anisakidae). We found that recently published phylogenetic trees (reconstructed using different ribosomal and mitochondrial genetic markers) showed independent clusterization of species recognized in the A. simplex sensu lato species complex. This prompted us to undertake this full-fledged molecular genetics study of anisakids from Kamchatka with phylogenetic reconstructions (NJ/ML) and calculated ranges of interspecific and intergeneric p-distances using ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 sequences. We confirmed that molecular markers based on the ITS region of rDNA were able to recognize ‘pure’ specimens belonging to the cryptic species. We offer new insights into the systematics of anisakids. The genus Anisakis sensu stricto should include Anisakis simplex sensu stricto, Anisakis pegreffii, Anisakis berlandi, Anisakis ziphidarum, and Anisakis nascettii. Presumably, two genera should be restored in the structure of the subfamily Anisakinae: Skrjabinisakis for the species Anisakis paggiae, Anisakis brevispiculata, and Anisakis physeteris; and Peritrachelius for the species Anisakis typica. In addition, we provide the short annotated list of some genera of the family Anisakidae, including their diagnoses.

Frequenza di pubblicazione:
Volume Open
Argomenti della rivista:
Life Sciences, other