Accès libre

Traveling salesman problem parallelization by solving clustered subproblems

   | 21 déc. 2023
À propos de cet article


A method of parallelizing the process of solving the traveling salesman problem is suggested, where the solver is a heuristic algorithm. The traveling salesman problem parallelization is fulfilled by clustering the nodes into a given number of groups. Every group (cluster) is an open-loop subproblem that can be solved independently of other subproblems. Then the solutions of the respective subproblems are aggregated into a closed loop route being an approximate solution to the initial traveling salesman problem. The clusters should be enumerated such that then the connection of two “neighboring” subproblems (with successive numbers) be as short as possible. For this, the destination nodes of the open-loop subproblems are selected farthest from the depot and closest to the starting node for the subsequent subproblem. The initial set of nodes can be clustered manually by covering them with a finite regular-polygon mesh having the required number of cells. The efficiency of the parallelization is increased by solving all the subproblems in parallel, but the problem should be at least of 1000 nodes or so. Then, having no more than a few hundred nodes in a cluster, the genetic algorithm is especially efficient by executing all the routine calculations during every iteration whose duration becomes shorter.

4 fois par an
Sujets de la revue:
Computer Sciences, Artificial Intelligence, Software Development