À propos de cet article

One of the most intriguing defence strategies which aquatic organisms developed through evolution is multixenobiotic resistance (MXR). The key mediators of MXR activity are ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport proteins. They provide resistance of aquatic organisms by binding xenobiotics and extruding them from cells in an energy-dependent manner. Since Cyprinid fish species are common target in freshwater biomonitoring programs, we have studied the presence of two main MDR/MXR efflux transporters P-glycoprotein (Pgp, Abcb1) and MRP-like protein(s) (Abcc) in the liver of five Cyprinid species: common carp, European chub, sneep, barbel, and silver prussian carp. Their presence was evaluated on the mRNA and protein level. Various pairs of primers were designed to clone homologous fragments of MXR-related genes. At the protein level, we used Western blotting with specific monoclonal antibodies against human Pgp (Abcb1, Ab C219), MRP1 (Abcc1; Ab MRPm6) or MRP2 (Abcc2; Ab M2I-4). Transcripts of both key types of MXR transporters were identified in all species examined and here we provide the phylogenetic analysis of new partial sequences. Immunochemical determinations with mammalian antibodies failed to identify the presence of MRP(s), but Pgp expression was found in all five Cyprinid species. These results support that MXR is a defence system mediated by both Pgp and MRP types of ABC transport proteins.

Anglais, Slovenian
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Sujets de la revue:
Medicine, Basic Medical Science, other