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Dynamics of the impacts of Pratylenchus penetrans on Gisela® cherry rootstocks

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Sweet cherry growers are increasingly using semi-dwarfing rootstocks, including the Gisela® series, when replanting orchards. Little is known of the susceptibility of these new cherry rootstocks to Pratylenchus penetrans, a recognized pest of temperate fruit trees worldwide. Two field experiments were planted in 2010, one in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia and one in the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia. Each experiment was a factorial combination of three rootstocks (Gi.3, Gi.5, and Gi.6) × three training systems, with six replicate four-tree plots of each of the nine combinations. Both sites were fumigated prior to planting and population densities of P. penetrans in roots and root-zone soil were subsequently monitored from 2013 through 2017. None of the P. penetrans population parameters (nematodes/kg soil, nematodes/g fine root, and nematodes/kg soil including roots) differed among rootstocks at either site, suggesting that the rootstocks did not differ in their ability to host P. penetrans. At the British Columbia site only there was an inverse relationship between P. penetrans population densities and tree size for Gi.3 trees in four years and for Gi.6 in 2017, suggesting that Gi.3 rootstock is less tolerant than Gi.5 and Gi.6 rootstocks.

Volume Open
Sujets de la revue:
Life Sciences, other