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The oxidation of limonene at raised pressure and over the various titanium-silicate catalysts

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This work presents the studies on the oxidation of limonene with hydrogen peroxide and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) in the presence of : TS-2, Ti-Beta, Ti-MCM-41 and Ti-MWW catalysts, at the autogenic pressure and atmospheric pressure. The examination were performed at the following conditions: the temperature of 140°C (studies in the autoclave) and 80°C (studies in glass reactor), the molar ratio of limonene/oxidant (H2O2 or WNTB) = 1:1, the methanol concentration 80 wt%, the catalyst content 3 wt%, the reaction time 3 h and the intensity of stirring 500 rpm. The analysis of the results showed that in process not only 1,2-epoxylimonene was formed but also: 1,2-epoxylimonene diol, carveol, carvone and perillyl alcohol but for 1,2-epoxylimonene obtaining the better method was the method at the autogenic pressure and in the presence of TBHP.

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Industrial Chemistry, Biotechnology, Chemical Engineering, Process Engineering