Acceso abierto

Strategies for optimizing balance in physical education lessons in primary school students


Introduction: A basic objective of physical education is to ensure the acquisition of motor skills by optimizing balance which is a fundamental psychomotor component for daily activities, together with coordination, so that improving it from the early stages of the child results in better physical performance and favors his willingness to engage in non-sedentary activities. The aim of this review is to summarize the scientific literature that has examined the importance and impact of exercise in the development of balance in primary school children.

Methods: To conduct this study, a systematic search of the electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, ProQuest and Scopus was conducted to identify relevant literature. Titles and abstracts of all records were checked for eligibility according to, inclusion and exclusion criteria, the process of study selection was documented in the PRISMA 2009 flowchart, in addition a Google Scholar search was performed to find additional literature.

Results: The literature search identified a total of 680 studies potentially suitable for balance analysis, after title screening and full text eligibility analysis, a total of 10 articles remained suitable for inclusion. Data from a total of 1549 subjects including 865 boys and 684 girls were eligible for analysis, the quality assessment showed that the majority of included studies met most of the assessment tool criteria for these studies (age, sex, height and weight).

Conclusions: The relationships between balance and other motor skills and the impact of regular physical activity on the maintenance of different types of balance is one of the main reasons why this motor skill should be improved and developed during the process of teaching physical education using physical education content.

Calendario de la edición:
2 veces al año
Temas de la revista:
Ciencias sociales, Educación, otros