Plant-parasitic nematodes (PPNs) can cause substantial economic yield losses to many agronomic crops in the United States. A regional-scale survey was completed across 20 counties to determine PPNs prevalence in Michigan corn and how factors such as soil type, tillage, irrigation, and cropping systems influence their distribution. Ten different major genera of PPNs were identified in Michigan corn fields: Longidorus (needle), Helicotylenchus (spiral), Pratylenchus (lesion), Meloidogyne (root-knot), Heterodera (cyst), Hoplolaimus (lance), Tylenchorhynchus or Merlinius (stunt), Paratylenchus (pin), Criconemella (ring), and Xiphinema (dagger). No significant differences among different categories of tillage for lesion, stunt, or needle nematode prevalence was detected. Lesion nematodes were most prevalent in muck soil, while stunt nematode prevalence was significantly affected by the soil type. Needle nematodes were least abundant in irrigated soils and in contrast, stunt nematodes were higher in non-irrigated soils. Spiral nematodes were the most common PPNs in Michigan corn in all cropping systems. These findings will be helpful in planning future nematode studies in Michigan and in developing and evaluating corn nematode management strategies.

Calendario de la edición:
Volume Open
Temas de la revista:
Life Sciences, other