This paper proposes and evaluates a novel control approach for trajectory tracking, stability enhancement, and vibration reduction of a flexible joint robot (FJR). The FJR is a 2-degree-of-freedom underactuated nonlinear system that is challenging to control due to vibration, underactuation, uncertainties, and external disturbances. The control objectives are high trajectory tracking performance together with suppressing vibration. The proposed control approach uses integral sliding mode control (ISMC) combined with a barrier function based on back-stepping. This ensures robust and smooth performance by eliminating the reaching phase where sliding mode control (SMC) is typically not robust. Robustness is thus guaranteed from the start. The FJR is modeled as a 4th-order system using Lagrangian mechanics and decomposed into two 2nd-order subsystems for control design. Sliding variables are defined for each subsystem. Using these variables, the proposed control achieves robust trajectory tracking, stability, and vibration reduction. Numerical simulations in MATLAB validate the superior performance of the proposed ISMC-barrier function control compared to conventional ISMC for the FJR. This novel control approach addresses the challenges of controlling this FJR.

Calendario de la edición:
Volume Open
Temas de la revista:
Engineering, Introductions and Overviews, other