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Leptin alleviated ovarian ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats via modulation of Sirt-1/Nrf2 and TLR4/NF-kB/caspase-3 signaling pathways


Objective. Ovarian torsion is a gynecological emergency that occurs mostly during the female reproductive years due to ovarian masses or surgical manipulation. This work aims to explore the probable protective effect of leptin on rat ovaries due to ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury.

Methods. Wistar albino rats were divided into four groups: 1) control group; 2) ovarian IR group (OVIR); 3) leptin group I [OVIR + leptin (10 µg/kg body weight, b.w.)]; and 4) leptin group II (OVIR + leptin (100 µg/kg b.w.)]. Serum levels of estradiol and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) were measured. Levels of oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in ovarian tissue were determined along with the expression of sirtuin 1 (Sirt1), nuclear erythroid factor-2 (Nrf2), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), nuclear factor kappa (NF-κB), toll like receptor-4 (TLR4), and caspase-3.

Results. Serum estradiol and AMH levels were decreased with increased expression of COX-2, TLR4, caspase-3, and NF-κB and decreased expression of Sirt1and Nrf2 in ovary of the OVIR group, which were improved by exogenous administration of both leptin doses.

Conclusion. Leptin administration dose-dependently reduced the severity of OVIR injury via modulation of Sirt-1/Nrf2 and TLR4/NF-kB/caspase-3 signaling pathways. Thus, leptin may be used as an adjuvant measure to prevent ovarian damage and improve the outcomes. However, clinical studies are needed to evaluate these results in humans.