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Selected 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors. A look into their use and potential in pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes


Objectives. This review assesses the comparative safety and efficacy of selected 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid coenzyme A inhibitors (statins, cinnamic acids. 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaric acid) on the pre-onset type 2 diabetes (PT2D) and post-onset type 2 diabetes (T2D)-related cluster of seven features (central obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia, pro-thrombosis, oxidation and inflammation).

Methods. Google scholar and PubMed were searched for statin*, flaxseed lignan complex (FLC), cinnamic acid (CA)*, and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid (HMGA) in conjunction with each of PT2D, T2D and the cluster of seven. An introduction was followed by findings or absence thereof on the impacts of each of statins, FLC, CAs and HMGA on each member of the cluster of seven.

Results. Pravastatin manages three features in PT2D, while a number of the statins improve five in T2D. FLC is negative in PT2D but controls four in T2D; it is not clear if the CAs and HMGA in FLC play a role in this success. CAs have potential in six and HMGA has potential in three of the cluster of seven though yet CAs and HMGA are untested in PT2D and T2D in humans. There are safety concerns with some statins and HMGA but FLC and CAs appear safe in the doses and durations tested.

Conclusions. Selected statins, FLC, CAs and HMGA can manage or have a potential to manage at least three features of the cluster of seven. Most of the literature-stated concerns are with select statins but there are concerns (one actual and two potential) with HMGA.